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A Randomized Clinical Trial of Metoprolol in Participants With Mitral Regurgitation.

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00166400
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : September 14, 2005
Last Update Posted : July 24, 2008
Information provided by:
Mayo Clinic

Brief Summary:
Mitral valve regurgitation (leakage of the mitral valve of the heart) is frequent and currently there is no specific medical therapy. Mitral regurgitation is a slowly progressive disease that frequently requires surgical treatment. This randomized clinical trial will use Metoprolol, a common beta-blocker medication, to determine if medical treatment impacts mitral valve disease progression.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Heart Valve Diseases Drug: metoprolol succinate Phase 4

Detailed Description:
Background: Mitral regurgitation (MR) is frequent and its prevalence is increasing with aging of the population. Organic MR, due to primary valvular lesions has severe consequences determined by its degree, with left ventricular (LV) remodeling and dysfunction, left atrial (LA) enlargement, leading to poor clinical outcome. Surgery can eliminate MR, but carries notable risks and is not applicable to all patients. Recent animal data suggest that beta-blockade in organic MR has significant positive effect, particularly on LV remodeling. Therefore, chronically decreasing MR, protecting LV and LA with beta-blockade are major goals of medical therapy. However, effects of chronic oral beta-blockade of human MR are uncertain and recent practice guidelines underscored these gaps in knowledge and did not recommend beta-blockade of MR. Hence, a trial of treatment of organic MR is needed. A large trial with mortality-morbidity end-points is desirable but premature without knowledge of magnitude of mechanistic effects of beta-blockade. The improvement of these intermediate end-points, mechanistically linked to outcome, is measurable with non-invasive quantitative techniques and forms the basis of the present clinical trial proposal. Hypothesis: Chronic beta-blockade therapy using Metoprolol weighed against placebo produces a sustained reduction of the consequences of organic MR. Specific aims are that treatment improves a) degree of MR (decreases regurgitant volume, primary end-point), b) LV remodeling (decreases LV end-diastolic volume index, second end-point), and c) LA enlargement (decreases LA volume, third end-point) as compared to placebo. Population: Patients with MR organic (intrinsic valve disease), isolated (no other valve disease) d moderate (regurgitant volume *30 mL/beat). Methods: A randomized clinical trial, placebo controlled, double-blind, without crossover, of 12 months oral treatment with potent beta-blockade (Metoprolol XL 50 to 200mg QD) titrated to the maximally tolerated dose. The trial is preceded by an acute study to determine tolerance. End-points are measured by Doppler-Echocardiography for quantitation of MR (regurgitant volume) using combination of 3 simultaneous methods (quantitative Doppler, two-dimensional echocardiography, proximal flow convergence) and echocardiography for LV and LA volume measurement. In addition cardiopulmonary exercise testing will measure peak O2 consumption at baseline and follow-up. This study seeks to enroll a total of 60 patients. The analysis will be based on intention to treat and compare changes in regurgitant volume, LV end-diastolic volume index and LA volume measured after one year of treatment with active drug or placebo. The results of this clinical trial should provide strong evidence regarding medical treatment of patients with organic MR and define future strategies to minimize mortality and morbidity of organic MR.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 60 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Triple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Beta Blockade in Mitral Regurgitation
Study Start Date : July 2004
Actual Primary Completion Date : July 2007
Actual Study Completion Date : July 2007

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Intervention Details:
  • Drug: metoprolol succinate
    Treatment with potent beta-blockade titrated to the maximally tolerated dose.

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Degree of mitral regurgitation, assessed as the regurgitant volume, at baseline and 12 months [ Time Frame: baseline & 12 months ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Left ventricular end-diastolic volume index at baseline and 12 months [ Time Frame: baseline & 12 months ]
  2. Left atrial end-diastolic volume at baseline and at 12 months [ Time Frame: baseline & 12 months ]

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   21 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Inclusion criteria: Patients a) 21 years old or older, with b) MR observed with color flow imaging, c) due to organic mitral valve disease demonstrated by Echocardiography (not normal valve as in functional or ischemic MR), c) isolated (no valve disease other than functional tricuspid regurgitation by Doppler-Echocardiography), d) pure (no mitral stenosis by Doppler-Echocardiography), e) quantifiable by Doppler-Echocardiography, f) of degree * moderate, defined as RVol * 30 mL/beat, g) occurring on native valves, h) with echocardiographic imaging allowing assessment of LA and LV, and i) asymptomatic (or mildly symptomatic but not considered as candidates for immediate surgery by their attending physician).

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00166400

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United States, Minnesota
Mayo Clinic
Rochester, Minnesota, United States, 55905
Sponsors and Collaborators
Mayo Clinic
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Principal Investigator: Maurice E Sarano, M.D. Mayo Clinic
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Responsible Party: Dr. Maurice Sarano, Mayo Clinic Identifier: NCT00166400    
Other Study ID Numbers: 960-04
IRUSMETO0047, IRB 960-04
First Posted: September 14, 2005    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: July 24, 2008
Last Verified: July 2008
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Mitral Valve Insufficiency
Heart Valve Diseases
Heart Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Anti-Arrhythmia Agents
Antihypertensive Agents
Autonomic Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Adrenergic beta-1 Receptor Antagonists
Adrenergic beta-Antagonists
Adrenergic Antagonists
Adrenergic Agents
Neurotransmitter Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action