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Testing the Effectiveness of VOICES as Implemented by STD & HIV Prevention Agencies in the US and PR

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00164619
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : September 14, 2005
Last Update Posted : June 5, 2008
Information provided by:
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Brief Summary:

The purpose of the project is to determine whether the VOICES/VOCES intervention, that was shown to be effective in a research study, is still effective when delivered by STD/HIV prevention agencies.

VOICES/VOCES is a brief, single-session intervention for African-American and Latino adult men and women at high risk for STD/HIV. It encourages condom use and improves condom negotiation skills. A health educator delivers the intervention to groups of 4 to 8 clinic patients in a private room. Groups are made up of people of the same sex and same race or ethnicity. Information on STD/HIV risk behaviors and condom use is delivered by culturally-specific videos, group discussion, and a poster presenting features of various condom brands. Participants role-play condom negotiation modeled in the videos. At the end of the session they are given sample condoms of their choice.

In this project, health educators from the health departments of New York City and San Juan, Puerto Rico conducted the VOICES/VOCES intervention with a sample of patients from one STD clinic in each of their cities. Researchers helped the health departments test whether the intervention is effective when local health educators deliver it.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Sexually Transmitted Diseases Behavioral: VOICES/VOCES Biological: Standard STD clinic services Phase 2 Phase 3

Detailed Description:

This project was an RCT with 1699 patients assigned to receive the VOICES/VOCES intervention and 1707 to receive standard of care at each of the two STD clinics (total N=3406). Participant outcomes and their measures are:

  1. Change in knowledge and attitudes about condoms as determined by participant profile and survey data
  2. Condom acquisition as determined by project coupon redemption data
  3. STD incidence as determined by medical chart review and/or surveillance data

In addition, cost accounting data on the amounts and types of resources required to implement the intervention were used to evaluate the intervention's cost-effectiveness. Process evaluation data allow identification of factors that influenced intervention implementation and the effectiveness of the intervention.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 3660 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: Testing the Effectiveness of the VOICES/VOCES Intervention Package as Implemented by STD and HIV Prevention Agencies That Target Hispanics and African Americans in the U.S. and Puerto Rico
Study Start Date : July 2001
Actual Primary Completion Date : November 2006
Actual Study Completion Date : March 2008

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: 1
Standard STD clinic services and the VOICES/VOCES intervention
Behavioral: VOICES/VOCES
45-minute intervention for small groups of African American and Hispanic heterosexual men and women. Group members are same gender and race/ethnicity. View culturally-specific condom promotion video. Facilitated group discussion to build skills in condom use and condom negotiation. Education on condom varieties to overcome participants' personal barriers to condoms use. Distribution of 3 specialty condoms of participant's choice (i.e., different sizes, textures, thicknesses, lubrication, material). [see Brief Summary above]
Other Name: No other names

Active Comparator: 2
Standard STD clinic services
Biological: Standard STD clinic services
Individual physical exam, STD/HIV tests, treatment as indicated
Other Name: No other names

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Repeat STD infection [ Time Frame: Average of 15-months post-intervention ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change in knowledge and attitudes [ Time Frame: Immediately post-intervention ]
  2. Condom coupon redemption [ Time Frame: 3-months post-intervention ]

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • STD infection at time of recruitment
  • Accept treatment for STD infection at time of recruitment

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Age under 18 years

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00164619

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United States, New York
Central Harlem STD Clinic
New York, New York, United States, 10037
Puerto Rico
Centro Latino Americano de Enfermedades de Transmission Sexual
San Juan, Puerto Rico, 00922
Sponsors and Collaborators
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
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Principal Investigator: Lydia O'Donnell, Ed.D. Education Development Center, Inc.
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Responsible Party: Dr. Lydia O'Donnell, Education Development Center, Inc. Identifier: NCT00164619    
Other Study ID Numbers: CDC-NCHSTP-4048
Contract 200-2001-00132
First Posted: September 14, 2005    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: June 5, 2008
Last Verified: June 2008
Keywords provided by Centers for Disease Control and Prevention:
controlled clinical trial
behavioral intervention
prevention intervention
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Virus Diseases