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Youth Empowerment Solutions for Peaceful Communities

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00164593
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : September 14, 2005
Last Update Posted : April 5, 2012
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Brief Summary:

This project is an evaluation of an intervention to involve youth in creating community change for peace promotion and violence prevention. The intervention, Youth Empowerment Solutions for Peaceful Communities (YES), includes three components: youth empowerment activities, neighborhood organization development, and community development projects that involve youth and organizations working together.

Hypothesis 1: Efforts to engage youth in the community change process will enhance their attachment to their community, reduce their problem behaviors, and begin to change norms among their peers about community violence and interpersonal problem solving.

Hypothesis 2: Efforts to make community-based organizations more youth-friendly and engaging will assist them to be more effective in reaching their community enhancement goals and will expand youth involvement in their mission.

Hypothesis 3: Efforts to create more health-enhancing land use (e.g., beautification, community gardens, parks development) will improve social organization (e.g., social capital, social cohesion, and social support), and reduce the level of violent incidents and crime in the community.


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Violence Juvenile Delinquency Social Problems Social Control, Informal Behavioral: Youth Empowerment Solutions for Peaceful Communities Phase 1

Detailed Description:

The program will focus on youth and neighborhood organizations in one middle-school attendance area. A nearby middle-school attendance area will serve as a comparison community. We will assess change in community norms, fear, social cohesion and social capital using an existing community survey of adults in the two neighborhoods. A similar survey will assess changes in youths' social norms, fears, perceptions of social cohesion and social capital, as well as their violent behavior and ethnic identity and pride. We will also compare the intervention and comparison neighborhoods on several community-level measures including police incident data, hospital injury reports, school suspension data, and ratings of neighborhood qualities (e.g., vacant lots, community gardens, social interaction).

The long-term goals of YES are to:

  1. modify environmental conditions that contribute to youth violence;
  2. promote social norms supportive of community participation and nonviolence;
  3. increase perceptions of neighborhood safety among residents; and
  4. reduce the incidence of youth violence perpetration and victimization.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 1142 participants
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: Youth Empowerment Solutions for Peaceful Communities
Study Start Date : April 2005
Actual Primary Completion Date : August 2008
Actual Study Completion Date : August 2009

Intervention Details:
  • Behavioral: Youth Empowerment Solutions for Peaceful Communities
    YES is a multi-faceted program that (1) engages 7th and 8th graders in a youth development program, (2) enhances neighborhood organizations' ability to include youth in their activities, and (3) connects the youth participants and adults in neighborhood organizations (e.g., crime watches, block groups, neighborhood associations) to carry out neighborhood improvement activities (e.g., community gardens, parks cleanup).


Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Youth Violence [ Time Frame: 6 months ]


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Ages Eligible for Study:   12 Years to 15 Years   (Child)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • 7th and 8th graders in the intervention middle-school attendance area
  • Neighborhood organizations with at least 10 members serving the intervention middle-school attendance area

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Students who have been suspended or expelled during the intervention period
  • Neighborhood organizations that serve areas in both the intervention and comparison areas.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00164593


Locations
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United States, Michigan
University of Michigan School of Public Health
Ann Arbor, Michigan, United States, 48109
Sponsors and Collaborators
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Marc Zimmerman, PhD University of Michigan School of Public Health
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Responsible Party: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00164593    
Other Study ID Numbers: CDC-NCIPC-4530
U49CE000348 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: September 14, 2005    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: April 5, 2012
Last Verified: April 2012
Keywords provided by Centers for Disease Control and Prevention:
Youth Violence
Prevention