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Efficacy Study of Digibind for Treatment of Severe Preeclampsia

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00158743
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : September 12, 2005
Results First Posted : August 8, 2014
Last Update Posted : August 8, 2014
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
BTG International Inc.

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this study is to determine whether a commercially available anti-digoxin antibody, Digibind, can delay delivery in patients with severe pre-eclampsia. If so, this would allow more time for maternally administered steroids to prevent the development of respiratory complications in premature infants.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Pre-eclampsia Drug: Anti-digoxin antibody (FAB fragment) Other: sodium chloride Phase 2

Detailed Description:

Preeclampsia (PE) is a serious complication of third trimester pregnancy manifested by high blood pressure, proteinuria, edema, encephalopathy sometimes with seizures, and hepatic failure. There is no known specific treatment, although palliative measures such as antihypertensive drugs, magnesium, steroids and early delivery improve outcomes. Multiple abnormalities have been demonstrated in PE but the relation of these abnormalities to the cause, pathophysiology and treatment is unknown. One of these abnormalities is elevation in the circulating level of a "digoxin-like" factor (EDLF), an unknown substance that cross reacts with digoxin antibodies and inhibits Na,K ATPase. An extensive literature supports the hypothesis that increased levels of EDLF may be a causative factor in the pathogenesis of hypertension. Increased levels of this factor are found both in maternal and fetal blood, both in normal pregnancy, and in pregnancy complicated by PE. Levels of this factor are higher in PE than in normal pregnancy suggesting it might play a role in the pathophysiology of PE.

Digibind (Glaxo Smith Kline) is a commercially available FAB fragment, antidigoxin antibody approved for the treatment of digoxin intoxication. In experimental models of hypertension with elevated EDLF levels, Digibind has been shown to lower blood pressure, suggesting that the antibody cross reacts with EDLF. These observations have led to the hypothesis that Digibind might ameliorate some of the manifestations of PE, especially the hypertension. Based on an extensive pre-clinical literature supporting that hypothesis, and encouraging results in 8 cases, a clinical trial is planned to test the effect of Digibind in severe PE. The study is a multi- site, parallel, double blind, placebo controlled, randomized trial. After randomization, 50 patients will be given the usual treatment for severe PE, plus study drug (Digibind or placebo) every six hours, for 48 hours. The study may be terminated during the treatment period for standard indications for early delivery.

Data collection will include: delivery latency, maternal blood pressure, antihypertensive use, renal function, hepatic function, CBC and platelet count, and umbilical artery blood flow by color doppler. Standard maternal and fetal monitoring will be followed. Newborn assessment will include: status at birth, APGAR score, NICU length of stay, respirator use and duration, and any medical complications. Adverse events will be recorded.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 51 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Parallel, Double-blind, Placebo Controlled, Randomized Comparison of an Anti-digoxin Antibody (Digibind) Versus Placebo for the Treatment of Antepartum Patients With Severe Preeclampsia
Study Start Date : February 2004
Actual Primary Completion Date : December 2007
Actual Study Completion Date : December 2007

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Arm Intervention/treatment
Active Comparator: Digoxin immune fab
Digibind treatment plus standard of care
Drug: Anti-digoxin antibody (FAB fragment)
intravenous administered, dose based on weight (assuming 4ng/mL EDLF concentration). Dose every 6 hours x 48 hours.
Other Name: Digibind

Placebo Comparator: placebo (sodium chloride) Other: sodium chloride

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change in Creatinine Clearance [ Time Frame: Baseline to 24-48 hours. ]
    change from baseline in creatinine clearance measured at 24 to 48 hours, comparing patients who received placebo with those who received digoxin immune fab

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   Child, Adult, Older Adult
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • A subject with a diagnosis of severe preeclampsia will be eligible for inclusion if she meets the following criteria:

    1. In the opinion of the investigator delivery is considered to be probably required within a 72 hour time period and, therefore, corticosteroid administration is needed.
    2. Meets both American College of Obstetricians (ACOG) criteria for preeclampsia (modified to limit selection to patients with the required severity)

      • A systolic blood pressure of 140 mm Hg or higher or a diastolic blood pressure of 90 mm Hg or higher occurring after 20 weeks of gestation in a woman whose blood pressure has previously been normal;
      • Proteinuria, with excretion of 0.3 g or more of protein in a 24-hour urine specimen or a urine dipstick reading of 1+ or more.
    3. Meets at least one of the following ACOG criteria for severe preeclampsia (modified to limit selection to patients with the required severity)

      . Proteinuria of 5 grams or higher in a 24-hour specimen or 3+ or greater on 2 random urine samples collected at least 4 hours apart

      • A systolic blood pressure of 160 mm Hg or higher or a diastolic blood pressure of 110 mm Hg or higher on two occasions six or more hours apart in a pregnant woman who is on bed rest;
      • Oliguria, with excretion of less than 500 ml of urine in 24 hours or average of ≤ 25 ml/hour over a 3 hour period;
      • Pulmonary edema;
      • Impairment of liver function [AST(SGOT) > 72 U/L or ALT(SGPT) > 72 U/L or LDH > 600 U/L or Total Bilirubin >1.2 mg/DL)];
      • Visual or cerebral disturbances;
      • Decreased platelet count (≥50,000/mm3 and ≤ 100,000/mm3).
    4. Has a fetal gestational age of 23 5/7 to 34 weeks.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Is in need of immediate delivery as soon as clinically appropriate
  2. Eclampsia
  3. Significant antecedent obstetrical problems which may interfere with study assessments or safe participation in the study
  4. Evidence of non-reassuring fetal well being
  5. Evidence of lethal fetal anomaly
  6. Antecedent hypertension (hypertension secondary to preeclampsia, treated or untreated is allowed)
  7. Antecedent renal, hepatic, or autoimmune disease
  8. Medical or psychiatric disorder which is unstable or which might interfere with study assessments or safe participation in the study
  9. Evidence on medical history/evaluation of use of or need for digitalis-like products currently or in the future
  10. History of a severe allergic reaction to previous medication, severe asthma, or atopy. (Patients with a history of allergic reactions to antibiotics, papain, chymopapain, or other papaya extracts may be more susceptible to allergic reactions to Digibind®)
  11. Prior use of antibodies/FAB fragments from sheep (e.g. Digibind®, DigiFab, CroFab)
  12. Serum creatinine ≥ 1.5 mg/dl
  13. Platelet count <50,000/mm3
  14. Patient intends to breast feed and does not agree to wait for a minimum of seven days after the last Digibind® dose (a breast pump would be used for this seven day period)
  15. Inability to understand and provide informed consent

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00158743

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United States, Alabama
University of South Alabama
Mobile, Alabama, United States, 36604
United States, Arizona
Phoenix Perinatal Associates
Phoenix, Arizona, United States, 85014
United States, Florida
Winnie Palmer Hospital
Orlando, Florida, United States, 32806
United States, Louisiana
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center, PO Box 33932, 1501 Kings Highway
Shreveport, Louisiana, United States, 71130
United States, Missouri
St Mary's Health Center
St Louis, Missouri, United States, 63117
United States, South Carolina
Medical University of South Carolina, 96 Jonathan Lucas Street, Suite 634, PO Box 250619
Charleston, South Carolina, United States, 29425
United States, Texas
Department of OB-GYN, Division of Maternal Fetal Medicine, University of Texas Medical Branch, 301 University Boulevard
Galveston, Texas, United States, 77555-0587
United States, Utah
St Mark's Hospital
Salt Lake City, Utah, United States, 84124
Sponsors and Collaborators
BTG International Inc.
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Study Chair: Vardaman M Buckalew, MD Wake Forest University Health Sciences

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Responsible Party: BTG International Inc. Identifier: NCT00158743    
Other Study ID Numbers: DEEP
First Posted: September 12, 2005    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: August 8, 2014
Last Update Posted: August 8, 2014
Last Verified: July 2014
Keywords provided by BTG International Inc.:
Endogenous digitalis-like factor
Anti-digoxin antibody
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Hypertension, Pregnancy-Induced
Pregnancy Complications
Immunoglobulin Fab Fragments
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Anti-Arrhythmia Agents
Cardiotonic Agents
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Protective Agents