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Suberoylanilide Hydroxamic Acid (Vorinostat, MK-0683) Versus Placebo in Advanced Malignant Pleural Mesothelioma (MK-0683-014)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00128102
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : August 9, 2005
Results First Posted : October 26, 2020
Last Update Posted : October 26, 2020
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.

Brief Summary:
The goal of this study is to assess the efficacy and safety of an oral investigational drug suberoylanilide hydroxamic acid (vorinostat, MK-0683) compared to placebo, in the treatment of participants with advanced malignant pleural mesothelioma who have failed at least one prior chemotherapy regimen. The primary hypotheses are the following: (1) vorinostat improves overall survival (OS) compared to placebo (2) vorinostat is generally safe and well tolerated.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Mesothelioma Lung Cancer Drug: Vorinostat Drug: Placebo Phase 3

Detailed Description:

Treatment Extension Phase: Participants in this study will be eligible to enroll in an open-label treatment extension phase if they: a) were originally randomized to the vorinostat arm and have not experienced disease progression; b) were randomized to the placebo arm and meet the "Extension Phase Inclusion Criteria for Participants in the Placebo Arm" below; or c) were originally randomized to the vorinostat arm and discontinued study therapy for reasons other than progression and the investigator believes that it is in the participant's best interest to resume vorinostat treatment.

As specified by the protocol, based on planned extension phase inclusion criteria and pre-specified primary outcome analyses requirements, the extension phase of this study was not conducted.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 661 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Triple (Participant, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase III, Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Trial of Oral Suberoylanilide Hydroxamic Acid (Vorinostat, MK-0683) in Patients With Advanced Malignant Pleural Mesothelioma Previously Treated With Systemic Chemotherapy
Actual Study Start Date : June 30, 2005
Actual Primary Completion Date : July 15, 2011
Actual Study Completion Date : November 21, 2011

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Mesothelioma
Drug Information available for: Vorinostat

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Vorinostat
Vorinostat three 100 mg capsules twice daily for 3 consecutive days of treatment followed by 4 days of rest repeated weekly, in 21-day cycles. Treatment will continue until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Drug: Vorinostat
Vorinostat 100 mg oral capsules
Other Names:
  • MK-0683
  • Zolinza

Placebo Comparator: Placebo
Placebo capsules twice daily for 3 consecutive days of treatment followed by 4 days of rest repeated weekly, in 21-day cycles. Treatment will continue until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Drug: Placebo
Vorinostat-matching placebo oral capsules




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Overall Survival (OS) [ Time Frame: Up to ~72 months (through pre-specified final statistical analysis cut-off date of 15-July-2011) ]
    OS was defined as the time from randomization to death due to any cause. Participants without documented death at the time of final analysis were censored at the date of the last follow up. The final analysis for OS was planned and performed at the time of the protocol pre-specified final statistical analysis with a data cut-off of 15-July-2011. OS analysis is reported here for all randomized participants.

  2. Number of Participants Who Experienced Adverse Events (AEs) Characterized as Grade 3 or Grade 4 According to the National Cancer Institute (NCI) Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) [ Time Frame: Up to ~72 months (through pre-specified final statistical analysis cut-off date of 15-July-2011) ]
    An AE was defined as any unfavorable and unintended change in the structure, function or chemistry of the body temporally associated with the use of the Sponsor's product whether or not considered related to the use of the product. Any worsening of a pre-existing condition which is temporally associated with the use of the Sponsor's product is also an AE. Reporting of AEs per NCI CTCAE is based on 5 grades of severity; Grade 1 (mild; no treatment needed), Grade 2 (moderate; minimal treatment needed), Grade 3 (severe, not life threatening; hospitalization needed), Grade 4 (life threatening; urgent treatment needed) and Grade 5 (death).The final analysis for Grade 3 or 4 AEs was planned and performed at the time of the protocol pre-specified final statistical analysis with a data cut-off of 15-July-2011. Per protocol number of participants who experienced Grade 3/4 AEs per NCI CTCAE is reported here for all randomized participants who received ≥1 dose of study treatment.

  3. Number of Participants Who Experienced an AE [ Time Frame: Up to ~72 months (through pre-specified final statistical analysis cut-off date of 15-July-2011) ]
    An AE was defined as any unfavorable and unintended change in the structure, function or chemistry of the body temporally associated with the use of the Sponsor's product whether or not considered related to the use of the product. Any worsening of a pre-existing condition which is temporally associated with the use of the Sponsor's product is also an AE. The final analysis for participants who experienced an AE was planned and performed at the time of the protocol pre-specified final statistical analysis with a data cut-off of 15-July-2011. Per protocol number of participants who experienced an AE is reported here for all randomized participants who received ≥1 dose of study treatment.

  4. Number of Participants Who Discontinued Study Treatment Due to an AE [ Time Frame: Up to ~72 months (through pre-specified final statistical analysis cut-off date of 15-July-2011) ]
    An AE was defined as any unfavorable and unintended change in the structure, function or chemistry of the body temporally associated with the use of the Sponsor's product whether or not considered related to the use of the product. Any worsening of a pre-existing condition which is temporally associated with the use of the Sponsor's product is also an AE. The final analysis for participants who discontinued study treatment due to an AE was planned and performed at the time of the protocol pre-specified final statistical analysis with a data cut-off of 15-July-2011. Per protocol number of participants who discontinued study treatment due to an AE is reported here for all randomized participants who received ≥1 dose of study treatment. As specified by the protocol, participants who discontinued study treatment due to an AE remained on study until investigator notification to discontinue.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Progression Free Survival (PFS) [ Time Frame: Up to ~72 months (through pre-specified final statistical analysis cut-off date of 15-July-2011) ]
    PFS was defined as the time from randomization to the first documented progressive disease (PD) per meso-modified-Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (Meso-modified RECIST) based on independent radiology review or death due to any cause, whichever occurred first. Meso-modified RECIST was created and validated for disease measurement in pleural mesothelioma. Per meso-modified RECIST, PD was defined as ≥20% increase in the total tumor measurement over the nadir measurement or the appearance of ≥1 new lesions. The final analysis for PFS per Meso-modified RECIST by independent radiology review was planned and performed at the time of the protocol pre-specified final statistical analysis with a data cut-off of 15-July-2011. PFS analysis per Meso-modified RECIST by independent radiology review is reported here for all randomized participants.

  2. Objective Response Rate (ORR) [ Time Frame: Up to ~72 months (through pre-specified final statistical analysis cut-off date of 15-July-2011) ]
    ORR was defined as the percentage of participants in the analysis population who had a complete response (CR: disappearance of all target lesions with no evidence of tumor elsewhere) or a partial response (PR: ≥30% reduction in the total tumor measurement) per Meso-modified RECIST based on independent radiology review. Meso-modified RECIST was created and validated for disease measurement in pleural mesothelioma. The final analysis for ORR per Meso-modified RECIST by independent radiology review was planned and performed at the time of the protocol pre-specified final statistical analysis with a data cut-off of 15-July-2011. Per protocol percentage of participants who had a CR or a PR per Meso-modified RECIST by independent radiology review is reported here as the ORR for all randomized participants who had valid baseline data for ORR analysis available.

  3. Percent Change From Baseline in Lung Cancer Symptom Scale, Modified for Mesothelioma (LCSS-Meso) Dyspnea Score at Week 12 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 12 ]
    LCSS-Meso provides participant-reported outcome measures of symptom burden and quality of life. LCSS-Meso includes the disease-related item dyspnea or shortness of breath. The LCSS-Meso item dyspnea is measured on a visual analog scale (VAS) using 100 mm and assigned an individual score based on symptom intensity. Dyspnea VAS score ranges from 0 mm (lowest; no dyspnea) to 100 mm (highest; worst dyspnea). Higher scores indicate dyspnea worsening. Baseline measurement was taken before treatment initiation. Per protocol percent change in the LCSS-Meso dyspnea score from baseline to Week 12 post treatment initiation (percent change calculated: [Week 12 - Baseline]/Baseline*100)] is reported here for all randomized participants who had a valid baseline and ≥1 post-baseline value for the LCSS-Meso dyspnea score available.

  4. Percentage of Participants With ≥50% Change Together With a >10 mm Change From Baseline in the LCSS-Meso Dyspnea Score at Week 12 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 12 ]
    LCSS-Meso provides participant-reported outcome measures of symptom burden and quality of life. LCSS-Meso includes the disease-related item dyspnea or shortness of breath. The LCSS-Meso item dyspnea is measured on a visual analog scale (VAS) using 100 mm and assigned an individual score based on symptom intensity. Dyspnea VAS score ranges from 0 mm (lowest; no dyspnea) to 100 mm (highest; worst dyspnea). Higher scores indicate dyspnea worsening. Baseline measurement was taken before treatment initiation. Per protocol percentage of participants with ≥50% change (percent change calculated: [Week 12 - Baseline]/Baseline*100) and >10 mm absolute change in LCSS-Meso dyspnea score from baseline to Week 12 post treatment initiation is reported here for all randomized participants who had a valid baseline and ≥1 post-baseline value for the LCSS-Meso dyspnea score available.

  5. Percent Change From Baseline in Forced Vital Capacity (FVC) at Week 12 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 12 ]
    Pulmonary function test was conducted using a spirometer for assessment of FVC. FVC is the volume of air forcibly exhaled from the lungs after taking the deepest breath possible. Baseline measurement was taken before treatment initiation. Per protocol percent change in FVC from baseline to Week 12 post treatment initiation (percent change calculated: [Week 12 - Baseline]/Baseline*100)] is reported here for all randomized participants who had a valid baseline and ≥1 post-baseline value for FVC available.

  6. Percentage of Participants With ≥10% Change From Baseline in FVC at Week 12 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 12 ]
    Pulmonary function test was conducted using a spirometer for assessment of FVC. FVC is the volume of air forcibly exhaled from the lungs after taking the deepest breath possible. Baseline measurement was taken before treatment initiation. Per protocol percentage of participants with ≥10% change (percent change calculated: [Week 12 - Baseline]/Baseline*100) in FVC from baseline to Week 12 post treatment initiation is reported here for all randomized participants who had a valid baseline and ≥1 post-baseline value for FVC.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria :

  • 18 years or older with confirmed diagnosis of malignant pleural mesothelioma
  • In countries where pemetrexed is an approved mesothelioma treatment, the participant's disease has progressed or relapsed following treatment with at least one prior chemotherapy regimen with pemetrexed and either cisplatin or carboplatin OR in countries where pemetrexed is not approved for mesothelioma, the participant's disease has progressed or relapsed following treatment with at least one prior chemotherapy regimen OR pemetrexed is not the preferred therapy for the participant and the participant's disease has progressed or relapsed following treatment with at least one prior chemotherapy regimen
  • Received no more than 2 prior systemic therapy regimens
  • Karnofsky performance scale status of ≥70
  • Has adequate bone marrow, liver, and kidney function and adequate coagulation (per prespecified laboratory values)

Extension Phase Inclusion Criteria:

  • Participants who are receiving treatment with vorinostat and have not experienced progression of mesothelioma
  • Randomized to the placebo arm and: 1) have a Karnofsky performance scale status of ≥70; and 2) have adequate bone marrow, liver, and kidney function and adequate coagulation (per prespecified laboratory values)
  • Randomized to vorinostat and have discontinued study therapy for reasons other than progression of mesothelioma, if the investigator is of the opinion that the potential benefit outweighs potential risks associated with using vorinostat

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Has an active infection for which they received treatment with intravenous antibiotic, antiviral, or antifungal medications within 2 weeks of the start of study drug.
  • Has a "currently active" second malignancy; a malignancy is not considered "currently active" if participants have completed therapy for the second malignancy and are disease free from prior malignancies for >5 years
  • Has uncontrolled brain metastases
  • Has a known human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection or HIV-related malignancy
  • Is pregnant or breast feeding
  • Has a history of gastrointestinal surgery or other procedures that might interfere with the absorption or swallowing of the study drug

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00128102


Sponsors and Collaborators
Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.
Investigators
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Study Director: Medical Director Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.
Publications of Results:
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Responsible Party: Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00128102    
Obsolete Identifiers: NCT00265577, NCT00290784
Other Study ID Numbers: 0683-014
2005_010 ( Other Identifier: Merck registration number )
CTRI/2009/091/000146 ( Registry Identifier: CTRI )
MK-0683-014 ( Other Identifier: Merck )
First Posted: August 9, 2005    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: October 26, 2020
Last Update Posted: October 26, 2020
Last Verified: October 2020
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Yes
Plan Description: http://engagezone.msd.com/doc/ProcedureAccessClinicalTrialData.pdf
URL: http://engagezone.msd.com/ds_documentation.php
Keywords provided by Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.:
Advanced malignant pleural mesothelioma
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Mesothelioma
Adenoma
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Neoplasms, Mesothelial
Vorinostat
Antineoplastic Agents
Histone Deacetylase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action