Gemcitabine and Cisplatin for Gallbladder and Biliary Tract Cancer
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In the United States, the incidence of biliary tract cancer and gallbladder cancer has been estimated to be 6,000-8,000 patients per year. Currently, there is no standard therapy for these tumors once the disease has spread and is inoperable. Recent small studies with gemcitabine have shown a positive response rate. The investigators plan to test the combination of gemcitabine with cisplatin for biliary tract and gallbladder cancers.
Condition or disease
Gallbladder CancerBiliary Tract Cancer
Drug: GemcitabineDrug: Cisplatin
Gemcitabine and cisplatin will be administered weekly for two weeks (on day 1 and day 8) followed by a one week rest period (1 cycle is 3 weeks). On day one and eight of each cycle the patient will have a physical exam and blood work. During the first two cycles, additional blood work will be drawn on day 15 as well. Reassessment of the tumor will be performed at 6 weeks, 12 weeks, and every 9 weeks thereafter. Patients will remain on treatment until further evidence of disease progression or unacceptable side effects occur.
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Layout table for eligibility information
Ages Eligible for Study:
18 Years and older (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:
Histologically-confirmed, locally unresectable or metastatic biliary tract (bile ducts, hepatic duct, cystic duct, common bile duct, ampulla of Vater) or gallbladder adenocarcinoma. Patients must have at least one measurable lesion greater than 1 cm, by Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) criteria outside of prior radiation field.
Zero to one prior chemotherapy for biliary tract or gallbladder cancer. Prior chemoembolization to the liver allowed as long as measurable disease is outside of chemoembolization area and other baseline characteristics are met. No prior gemcitabine or cisplatin therapy allowed.
No chemotherapy within past 3 weeks of initiation of therapy (6 weeks if prior therapy was mitomycin C or nitrosurea)
Chronological age > 18 years.
ECOG performance status 0-2; life expectancy >12 weeks.
Laboratory values: ANC greater than or equal to 1500/mm3; platelets greater than or equal to 100,000/mm3; SGOT and SGPT less than or equal to 3x upper limits of normal (unless liver is involved with tumor, in which case the transaminases must be less than or equal to 5 x upper limits of normal); total bilirubin less than or equal to 2.0 mg/dL.
Creatinine less than or equal to 1.8 mg/dL or creatinine clearance greater than or equal to 50 mL/min
All patients must sign informed consent.
Patients may have prior placement of stents or shunts to relieve obstruction.
Patients with either clinically apparent central nervous system metastases or carcinomatous meningitis.
Myocardial infarction in the past six months.
Major surgery in the past two weeks.
Uncontrolled serious medical or psychiatric illness.
Women must not be pregnant or lactating. Both men and women of childbearing potential must be advised of the importance of using effective birth control measures during the course of the study.
Patients with concurrent malignancy of any site, except for limited basal cell carcinoma or squamous cell carcinoma of the skin or carcinoma in situ of the cervix; patients with any other malignancy within 5 years of study entry, except for curatively treated basal cell carcinoma or squamous cell carcinoma of the skin or carcinoma in situ of the cervix.