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Trial Regarding the Acceptability of Audiotape Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) Screening

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00122395
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : July 22, 2005
Last Update Posted : May 4, 2006
Information provided by:
Children's Hospital of Philadelphia

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this study is to compare the safety, acceptability and ease of the administration of two screening methods, a pen and paper questionnaire and an audiotape with headsets, for screening for intimate partner violence in a pediatric emergency department (ED).

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Domestic Violence Behavioral: Screening via pen and paper Behavioral: Screening via audiotape Not Applicable

Detailed Description:

Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a significant health problem, affecting 2 - 4 million women each year. Over half of the homes in which women are abused contain children, with 3.3 - 10 million children witnessing IPV each year. In 1998, the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) issued guidelines stating that "identifying and intervening on behalf of battered women may be one of the most effective means of preventing child abuse," and recommending that pediatricians perform routine IPV screening. Because of the substantial number of families seen in the emergency department (ED), this setting could provide an important site in which to implement universal screening. Exactly how to implement screening in this busy environment is unclear. One possible approach involves the use of an audiotape with a headset with a prerecorded screening questionnaire that prompts the respondent to circle "yes" or "no" answers on an otherwise blank sheet of paper. This method of screening has the potential benefits of:

  • Providing a more private method of screening;
  • Improving screening of women who cannot read well;
  • Enhancing the rate of screening by removing the burden of screening from providers.

Comparison: Female caregivers in a pediatric ED will be randomized to answering domestic violence (DV) screening questions either via pen and paper or via audiotape. After answering these screening questions, all women will be asked standardized questions about the acceptability, safety and ease of use of the method to which they are randomized.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Enrollment : 500 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: A Randomized Clinical Trial Regarding the Acceptability of an Audiotape Questionnaire for Intimate Partner Violence Screening in a Pediatric ED
Study Start Date : January 2005
Study Completion Date : March 2005

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Acceptability, perceived safety and ease of administration of each survey method

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Disclosure of domestic violence

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Older than 18 or an emancipated minor

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Child undergoing acute resuscitation
  • Other adults in the room

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00122395

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United States, Pennsylvania
The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia Emergency Department
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States, 19104
Sponsors and Collaborators
Children's Hospital of Philadelphia
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Principal Investigator: Megan H Bair-Merritt Children's Hospital of Philadelphia
Principal Investigator: Joel A Fein Children's Hospital of Philadelphia
Publications of Results:
Layout table for additonal information Identifier: NCT00122395    
Other Study ID Numbers: 2004-5-3793
First Posted: July 22, 2005    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: May 4, 2006
Last Verified: July 2005
Keywords provided by Children's Hospital of Philadelphia:
Domestic violence
Emergency department