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Azacitidine and Etanercept in Treating Patients With Myelodysplastic Syndromes

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00118287
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : July 11, 2005
Results First Posted : May 24, 2017
Last Update Posted : May 24, 2017
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Bart Scott, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center

Brief Summary:
This phase I/II trial studies how well giving azacitidine together with etanercept works in treating patients with myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS). Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as azacitidine, works in different ways to stop the growth of cancer cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing. Chemoprotective drugs, such as etanercept, may protect normal cells from the side effects of chemotherapy

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
de Novo Myelodysplastic Syndromes Previously Treated Myelodysplastic Syndromes Secondary Myelodysplastic Syndromes Drug: azacitidine Biological: etanercept Phase 1 Phase 2

Detailed Description:


I. Determine the frequency of hematologic responses in patients with MDS to 5-aza (azacitidine) plus etanercept.

II. Determine the efficacy of 5-aza combined with etanercept in patients with low or intermediate (int)-1 risk who fail to respond to anti-thymocyte globulin (ATG) plus etanercept and for the purpose of this trial are considered as having progressive or "more advanced" disease.

III. Correlate results of ex vivo/in vitro studies on phenotypic, cytogenetic and functional disease characteristics with in vivo treatment responses, to identify parameters that are associated with a high probability of response.


Patients receive etanercept subcutaneously (SC) twice weekly during weeks 1 and 2 and azacitidine SC or intravenously (IV) over 10-40 minutes on days 1-7. Treatment repeats every 28 days for at least 3 courses. Treatment continues in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 32 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Therapy of Myelodysplastic Syndrome (MDS) With Azacitidine Given in Combination With Etanercept: A Phase I/II Study.
Study Start Date : April 2005
Actual Primary Completion Date : October 2008

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Treatment (chemotherapy, chemoprotection)
Patients receive etanercept SC twice weekly during weeks 1 and 2 and azacitidine SC or IV over 10-40 minutes on days 1-7. Treatment repeats every 28 days for at least 3 courses. Treatment continues in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Drug: azacitidine
Given SC or IV
Other Names:
  • 5-AC
  • 5-azacytidine
  • azacytidine
  • Vidaza

Biological: etanercept
Given SC
Other Names:
  • Enbrel
  • ETN
  • TNFR:Fc
  • Tumor Necrosis Factor Receptor IgG Chimera

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Frequency of Hematologic Responses, as Defined by International Working Group (IWG) Criteria [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years ]
    Count of participants with a hematologic improvement (erythroid, platelet, or neutrophil response), assessed at 3 months.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Int-2 or high risk MDS patients
  • Patients with low-risk or int-1 risk MDS by International Prognostic Scoring System (IPSS) criteria with:

    • Single or multilineage cytopenia (absolute neutrophil count [ANC] < 1500/μL, hemoglobin [Hgb],10g/dL, or platelet count < 100,000/μL); or
    • Transfusion requirement of at least 2 units of packed red blood cells over an 8 week period
  • Serum creatinine =< 1.5x ULN (upper limit of normal)
  • Aspartate aminotransferase (AST)/alanine aminotransferase (ALT) =< 2x ULN
  • Performance status =< 2 (Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group [ECOG] scale, 0-5)

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients who have previously received hematopoietic stem cell transplants, specifically for MDS
  • Patients with a diagnosis of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) by World Health Organization (WHO) criteria (i.e >= 20% blasts) at time of enrollment
  • Women of child bearing potential who are currently pregnant, lactating or who are not willing to use contraception during the entire duration of the study
  • Men who are unwilling to use contraception while receiving 5-aza
  • Patients with severe disease other than MDS which is expected to prevent compliance with the present protocol
  • Patients with severe infections (pneumonia, septicemia, etc) within the 2 weeks prior to the anticipated start of protocol treatment
  • Patients who are currently receiving or within the preceding 2 weeks have received cytotoxic therapy, hemopoietic growth factors, immunomodulatory therapy, or other experimental therapy for the treatment of MDS
  • Current evidence of uncontrolled cardiac arrhythmia or congestive heart failure
  • Platelet count =< 10,000/mcl
  • Absolute neutrophil count =< 250/mcl
  • Prior treatment with 5-aza
  • Known or suspected hypersensitivity to azacitidine or mannitol

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00118287

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United States, Washington
Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center/University of Washington Cancer Consortium
Seattle, Washington, United States, 98109
Sponsors and Collaborators
Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
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Principal Investigator: Bart Scott Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center/University of Washington Cancer Consortium
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Responsible Party: Bart Scott, Principal Investigator, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center Identifier: NCT00118287    
Other Study ID Numbers: 1926.00
NCI-2011-01818 ( Registry Identifier: CTRP (Clinical Trial Reporting Program) )
First Posted: July 11, 2005    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: May 24, 2017
Last Update Posted: May 24, 2017
Last Verified: April 2017
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Myelodysplastic Syndromes
Pathologic Processes
Bone Marrow Diseases
Hematologic Diseases
Precancerous Conditions
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antineoplastic Agents
Enzyme Inhibitors
Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal
Analgesics, Non-Narcotic
Sensory System Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Anti-Inflammatory Agents
Antirheumatic Agents
Gastrointestinal Agents
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors