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Celecoxib and Erlotinib in Treating Former Smokers With Stage IIIB or Stage IV Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00088959
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : August 5, 2004
Last Update Posted : October 10, 2014
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Brief Summary:
This phase I trial is studying the side effects and best dose of celecoxib when given together with erlotinib in treating former smokers with stage IIIB, stage IV, recurrent, or progressive non-small cell lung cancer. Celecoxib and erlotinib may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking the enzymes necessary for their growth.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Recurrent Non-small Cell Lung Cancer Stage IIIB Non-small Cell Lung Cancer Stage IV Non-small Cell Lung Cancer Drug: erlotinib hydrochloride Drug: celecoxib Other: laboratory biomarker analysis Phase 1

Detailed Description:


I. To estimate the clinical toxicity and tolerability of erlotinib combined with celecoxib in patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC).


I. To estimate the tumor response rate of erlotinib combined with celecoxib in patients with advanced NSCLC.

II. To estimate the dose of celecoxib that results in maximal induction of apoptosis, maximal inhibition of prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) in bronchoalveolar (BAL) fluid, and maximal inhibition of bronchial cell proliferation when combined with erlotinib.

III. To estimate the effect of erlotinib and the combination of erlotinib and celecoxib on bronchial expression of COX-2.

IV. To estimate the effect of erlotinib and the combination of erlotinib (and celecoxib on autophosphorylation of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) in skin and endobronchial biopsies.

V. To estimate the degree of correlation of autophosphorylation of EGFR in skin and endobronchial samples.


I. To estimate the effect of the combination of erlotinib and COX-2 inhibitor (celecoxib) on the frequency of fractional allelic loss (FAL) in endobronchial biopsies, metaplasia and dysplasia in endobronchial biopsies, and endobronchial proliferation.

OUTLINE: This is an open-label, dose-escalation study of celecoxib.

Patients receive oral erlotinib hydrochloride once daily and oral celecoxib twice daily. Treatment continues in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

Cohorts of 6 patients receive escalating doses of celecoxib until the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) is determined. The MTD is defined as the dose preceding that at which 2 of 6 patients experience dose-limiting toxicity. Once the MTD is determined, up to 6 additional patients are treated at the MTD.

Patients are followed at 4 weeks.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 45 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase I Study of Erlotinib and Celecoxib in Former Smokers With Advanced Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer
Study Start Date : December 2003
Actual Primary Completion Date : January 2009
Actual Study Completion Date : November 2010

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Lung Cancer

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Treatment (erlotinib hydrochloride, celecoxib)
Patients receive oral erlotinib hydrochloride once daily and oral celecoxib twice daily. Treatment continues in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Drug: erlotinib hydrochloride
Given orally
Other Names:
  • CP-358,774
  • erlotinib
  • OSI-774

Drug: celecoxib
Given orally
Other Names:
  • Celebrex
  • SC-58635

Other: laboratory biomarker analysis
Correlative studies

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Clinical tolerable dose of celecoxib as measured by NCI CTCAE v3.0 [ Time Frame: 4 weeks ]

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No


  • Histologically or cytologically confirmed non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) meeting 1 of the following stage criteria: Stage IIIB with pleural effusion; Stage IV disease; recurrent or progressive disease after prior surgery, radiotherapy, and/or chemotherapy
  • If the sole prior treatment was in the adjuvant or neoadjuvant setting, tumor progression or recurrence must have occurred within 6 months after completion of prior treatment
  • Absolute neutrophil count >= 1,500/mm^3
  • Platelet count >= 100,000/mm^3
  • Hemoglobin >= 10 g/dL
  • Hemostasis normal
  • Creatinine =< 2.0 mg/dL
  • No significant cardiovascular disease
  • No New York Heart Association class III or IV cardiac disease
  • No uncontrolled dysrhythmia
  • No unstable angina
  • No myocardial infarction within the past 6 months
  • FEV1 >= 1.0 liter OR 40% of predicted within the past 3 months
  • Oxygen saturation >= 90% on room air
  • Not pregnant or nursing
  • Negative pregnancy test
  • Fertile patients must use effective contraception during and for 6 months after study treatment
  • Willing to undergo bronchoscopy
  • No allergy to sulfonamides or hypersensitivity reaction to celecoxib
  • No other medical or psychological condition (e.g., acute psychosis) that would preclude study participation
  • At least 4 weeks since prior chemotherapy (6 weeks for mitomycin)
  • At least 4 weeks since prior radiotherapy
  • Prior complete resection allowed provided there is histologic and cytologic documentation of disease recurrence
  • More than 3 months since prior chemopreventative agents (e.g., oltipraz, retinoids, or N-acetylcysteine [NAC])
  • No prior erlotinib hydrochloride
  • No other prior EGFR antagonists
  • No concurrent medication known to interact with erlotinib hydrochloride or celecoxib, including the following: Fluconazole, Lithium, Furosemide, Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors, Phenytoin, Carbamazepine, Rifampin, Barbiturates, Hypericum perforatum (St. John's wort)
  • No concurrent non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs
  • Concurrent aspirin of up to an average dose of 325 mg/day allowed
  • No aspirin treatment for 7 days prior to any bronchoscopic or skin biopsy
  • No other concurrent EGFR inhibitors or cyclo-oxygenase-2 (COX-2) inhibitors
  • Meets 1 of the following criteria: 1) Advanced NSCLC with at least stable disease after >= 4 courses of platinum-containing chemotherapy 2) Relapsed or refractory disease after treatment with >= 1 prior platinum-containing chemotherapy program, including adjuvant or neoadjuvant therapy for NSCLC
  • No untreated brain metastases
  • ECOG 0-1
  • Former smoker, as indicated by the following: 1) At least a 30 pack-year smoking history 2) Smoking duration at least 10 years 3) At least 12 months of self-reported smoking cessation 4) Negative urine cotinine

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00088959

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United States, North Carolina
Duke University Medical Center
Durham, North Carolina, United States, 27710
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
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Principal Investigator: Michael Kelley Duke University

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Responsible Party: National Cancer Institute (NCI) Identifier: NCT00088959     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: NCI-2009-00886
U01CA096123 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: August 5, 2004    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: October 10, 2014
Last Verified: April 2013
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Lung Neoplasms
Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung
Respiratory Tract Neoplasms
Thoracic Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Lung Diseases
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Carcinoma, Bronchogenic
Bronchial Neoplasms
Erlotinib Hydrochloride
Antineoplastic Agents
Protein Kinase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal
Analgesics, Non-Narcotic
Sensory System Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Anti-Inflammatory Agents
Antirheumatic Agents
Cyclooxygenase 2 Inhibitors
Cyclooxygenase Inhibitors