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Neoadjuvant or Adjuvant Epirubicin, Cyclophosphamide, and Paclitaxel in Treating Women With Stage I, Stage II, or Stage III Breast Cancer

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00072319
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : November 6, 2003
Last Update Posted : March 4, 2013
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center

Brief Summary:

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as epirubicin, cyclophosphamide, and paclitaxel, use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Giving chemotherapy drugs before surgery may shrink the tumor so that it can be removed during surgery. Giving chemotherapy drugs after surgery may kill any remaining tumor cells.

PURPOSE: Pilot trial to study the effectiveness of neoadjuvant or adjuvant epirubicin, cyclophosphamide, and paclitaxel in treating women who have stage I, stage II, or stage III breast cancer.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Breast Cancer Biological: filgrastim Drug: cyclophosphamide Drug: epirubicin hydrochloride Drug: paclitaxel Procedure: adjuvant therapy Procedure: neoadjuvant therapy Phase 2

Detailed Description:


  • Determine the feasibility and safety of neoadjuvant or adjuvant epirubicin, cyclophosphamide, and paclitaxel, in terms of the absence of any grade 3 or higher toxicity (aside from alopecia), in women with high-risk stage I-III breast cancer.

OUTLINE: This is a pilot study.

  • Neoadjuvant or adjuvant EC therapy: Patients receive epirubicin IV over 3-5 minutes and cyclophosphamide IV (EC) on day 1 and filgrastim (G-CSF) subcutaneously on days 2-9 or 10. Treatment repeats every 10-11 days for 4 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
  • Neoadjuvant or adjuvant paclitaxel therapy: After the completion of EC therapy, patients receive paclitaxel IV over 3 hours on day 1. Patients also receive G-CSF as in EC therapy. Treatment repeats every 10-11 days for 4 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

Patients who have not had prior surgery undergo definitive surgery after the completion of chemotherapy. Patients also may receive adjuvant radiotherapy and/or hormonal therapy at the discretion of the treating physician.

Patients are followed every 4 months for 3 years and then every 6 months for 2 years.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 11-38 patients will be accrued for this study within 1 year.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Pilot Study of Epirubicin and Cyclophosphamide Followed by Paclitaxel at 10-11 Days Interval for Women With Early Breast Carcinoma
Study Start Date : August 2003
Actual Primary Completion Date : November 2006
Actual Study Completion Date : November 2006

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No


  • Histologically confirmed adenocarcinoma of the breast

    • Stage I, II, or III
    • Inflammatory breast cancer allowed
  • Hormone receptor status:

    • Not specified



  • 18 and over


  • Female

Menopausal status

  • Not specified

Performance status

  • ECOG 0-1

Life expectancy

  • Not specified


  • Absolute neutrophil count at least 1,500/mm^3
  • Platelet count at least 100,000/mm^3


  • Bilirubin normal
  • SGOT/SGPT no greater than 2.5 times upper limit of normal (ULN) AND alkaline phosphatase no greater than ULN OR
  • SGOT/SGPT no greater than ULN AND alkaline phosphatase no greater than 4 times ULN


  • Not specified


  • LVEF at least lower limit of normal by MUGA or echocardiogram
  • No unstable angina
  • No congestive heart failure
  • No arrhythmia requiring medical therapy
  • No myocardial infarction within the past year


  • Not pregnant or nursing
  • Negative pregnancy test
  • Fertile patients must use effective contraception
  • No prior allergy/hypersensitivity to any of the study drugs or other drugs formulated with Cremophor EL
  • No psychiatric illness that would preclude understanding of the nature of the study or study compliance
  • No active unresolved infection
  • No peripheral neuropathy greater than grade 1
  • No other nonmammary malignancy within the past 5 years except adequately treated nonmelanoma skin cancer or carcinoma in situ of the cervix
  • No concurrent medical condition that would preclude study participation in the judgment of the investigator


Biologic therapy

  • More than 12 months since prior immunotherapy for prior breast cancer
  • No prior or concurrent biologic therapy or immunotherapy for this breast cancer


  • More than 12 months since prior chemotherapy for prior breast cancer
  • No prior anthracycline (i.e., doxorubicin or epirubicin) and taxane therapy
  • No prior or other concurrent chemotherapy for this breast cancer

Endocrine therapy

  • No concurrent hormonal therapy for chemoprevention

    • Prior hormonal therapy for chemoprevention allowed
  • No concurrent sex hormonal therapy (e.g., birth control pills or ovarian hormonal replacement therapy)


  • No prior radiotherapy
  • No other concurrent radiotherapy for this breast cancer


  • Not specified


  • No concurrent digitalis, beta-blockers, or calcium channel blockers for congestive heart failure

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00072319

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United States, New York
Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center
New York, New York, United States, 10021
Sponsors and Collaborators
Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
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Principal Investigator: Monica N. Fornier, MD Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center
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Responsible Party: Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center Identifier: NCT00072319    
Other Study ID Numbers: 03-092
P30CA008748 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: November 6, 2003    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: March 4, 2013
Last Verified: March 2013
Keywords provided by Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center:
stage I breast cancer
stage II breast cancer
stage IIIA breast cancer
stage IIIB breast cancer
stage IIIC breast cancer
inflammatory breast cancer
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Breast Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Breast Diseases
Skin Diseases
Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic
Antineoplastic Agents
Tubulin Modulators
Antimitotic Agents
Mitosis Modulators
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antirheumatic Agents
Antineoplastic Agents, Alkylating
Alkylating Agents
Myeloablative Agonists
Antibiotics, Antineoplastic
Topoisomerase II Inhibitors
Topoisomerase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors