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Yoga for Treating Shortness of Breath in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00051792
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : January 17, 2003
Last Update Posted : August 18, 2006
Information provided by:
National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health (NCCIH)

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of yoga in reducing shortness of breath in people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Patients in this study must have moderate to severe COPD and be primarily limited by shortness of breath.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive Lung Diseases, Obstructive Pulmonary Emphysema Chronic Bronchitis Behavioral: yoga Phase 1 Phase 2

Detailed Description:

Management of dyspnea (shortness of breath) is a major concern for patients with COPD. The efficacy of complementary exercises to manage dyspnea is unknown. Complementary exercises may be more congruent with patients' lifestyles and values than traditional exercise programs and can be adapted to changes in illness severity and disability. Yoga practice is a complementary therapy that people use to manage their dyspnea. The aims of this study are to: 1) develop a safe and feasible yoga program for patients with COPD; 2) test the efficacy of this program; and 3) determine whether physical performance, psychological well being, and health-related quality of life are positively affected by yoga practice.

Patients in this study will be randomized to receive yoga training or usual care for 12 weeks. Patients will be evaluated at study entry, after each session, and immediately after the training program.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Enrollment : 36 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Efficacy of Yoga for Self-Management of Dyspnea in COPD
Study Start Date : January 2003
Study Completion Date : July 2004

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   40 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion criteria:

  • Able to commit to a 12-week yoga class in San Francisco, California
  • Moderate to severe COPD, clinically stable for at least 1 month prior to study entry
  • Forced Expiratory Volume at one minute (FEV1) < 49% predicted after inhaled bronchodilator
  • Activities of daily living limited by shortness of breath
  • Ability to speak English and sign consent
  • Patients receiving supplemental oxygen will be acceptable if their O2 saturation can be maintained at > 85% on < 6 L/min of nasal oxygen

Exclusion criteria:

  • Symptomatic illness (e.g., cancer, left heart failure, ischemic heart disease, neuromuscular disease, psychiatric illness)
  • Formal pulmonary rehabilitation training within 1 year prior to study entry

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00051792

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United States, California
University of California
San Francisco, California, United States
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health (NCCIH)
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Principal Investigator: Virginia Carrieri-Kohlman, RN, DNSc University of California, San Francisco
Layout table for additonal information Identifier: NCT00051792    
Other Study ID Numbers: R21AT001168-01 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: January 17, 2003    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: August 18, 2006
Last Verified: August 2006
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Lung Diseases
Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive
Pulmonary Emphysema
Bronchitis, Chronic
Lung Diseases, Obstructive
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Pathologic Processes
Bronchial Diseases
Respiratory Tract Infections