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Autologous Cultured Myoblasts (BioWhittaker) Transplanted Via Myocardial Injection

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00050765
Recruitment Status : Unknown
Verified March 2006 by Bioheart, Inc..
Recruitment status was:  Not yet recruiting
First Posted : December 19, 2002
Last Update Posted : March 8, 2006
Information provided by:
Bioheart, Inc.

Brief Summary:
MyoCell™ implantation by epicardial injection during CABG surgery has the potential to add a new dimension to the management of post-infarct deterioration of cardiac function. Based on existing non-clinical studies and clinical reports, implantation of autologous skeletal myoblasts appears to lead to the replacement of non-functioning myocardial scar with functioning muscle and appears to improve myocardial performance relative to case without myoblast implantation. In a few investigational patients, myoblast implantation can be, and has been, done in conjunction with CABG and appears to have the potential to provide for additive treatment during surgery. The present study is being conducted to evaluate more fully the safety of MyoCell™ implantation via epicardial injection during CABG surgery and its effect on regional myocardial function.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Congestive Heart Failure Coronary Artery Disease Myocardial Infarction Drug: MyoCell™ Autologous Myoblasts Phase 1

Detailed Description:

MyoCell™ mediated cellular cardiomyoplasty is a novel therapeutic approach to the management of progressive heart failure in patients who have damaged myocardial tissue resulting from a myocardial infarct. MyoCell™ consists of patient autologous skeletal myoblasts which are expanded ex vivo and supplied as a cell suspension in a buffered salts solution for injection into the area of damaged, akinetic myocardium with the goal of having the myoblasts populate the implant area and generate elastic, contractile skeletal muscle-like tissue within the damaged myocardium. Because the physiological goal is to replace inelastic, fibrous myocardial scar tissue with skeletal muscle-like tissue, originating from the cellular implants, this therapeutic approach is termed "cellular cardiomyoplasty" or "CCM".

The purpose of this trial is to assess the safety of MyoCell™(expanded autologous skeletal myoblasts) using a dose escalation methodology following epicardial injection into myocardial scar tissue in patients who have experienced anterior, lateral, posterior or inferior wall myocardial infarction, require coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery and who have an implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) in place (ICD can be implanted during the CABG procedure or 3 to 4 days post CABG procedure). Safety endpoints will be the evaluation of the nature and frequency of Adverse Events during the 12-month period following MyoCell™ treatment.

If a patient meets the baseline enrollment criteria, a 5-10 gram skeletal muscle biopsy will be obtained for myoblast isolation and expansion in vitro at Bioheart's designated facility for MyoCell™ production. Biopsy will occur 3 - 4 weeks prior to the anticipated implantation of the MyoCell™ product. At the time of the patient's CABG surgery MyoCell™ will be injected into the akinetic myocardial scar in the region of a previous infarct utilizing a sterile hypodermic syringe fitted with a 25 gauge needle.

This will be a dose escalation study with 3 cohort groups consisting of 5 patients each. A report of the 1 month safety data from each cohort will be presented to the data safety monitoring board for permission to go to the next higher dosage. In the first cohort of this dose escalation study; 2 injections will be performed, for the second cohort; 6 injections and for the third cohort; 18 injections depending on the size of the infarct scar, so as to inject the entire myocardial infarct scar akinetic area.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Enrollment : 15 participants
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Factorial Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase I Multi-Center Study to Assess the Safety and Cardiovascular Effects of MyoCell™ Implantation in Patients With a Previous MI and Placement of an ICD Requiring De Novo Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Therapy
Study Start Date : August 2006
Study Completion Date : August 2006

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 80 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Defined region of myocardial dysfunction related to previous myocardial infarction involving the anterior, lateral, posterior or inferior walls, > 12 weeks old at the scheduled time of MyoCell™ implantation procedure
  • Patients must have an implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) in place or, patients must receive ICD placement during the CABG procedure or 3 to 4 days after the CABG procedure
  • Planned CABG procedure for revascularization
  • Heart failure patient in New York Heart Association Symptom Class 2 or 3 who is on optimal medical therapy
  • Age > 18 and < 80 years
  • Able to undergo surgical biopsy of the skeletal muscle and successful culture of the harvested myoblasts
  • Target region wall thickness > 6 mm by echocardiography
  • Left ventricular ejection fraction > 20% and < 40% by radionuclide ventriculography or left ventricular angiography at screening
  • If a female of childbearing potential, urine pregnancy test must be negative
  • Able to give written informed consent

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patient medically unable to undergo CABG surgery
  • Any patient who has had a documented myocardial infarction (ECG changes or elevated cardiac enzymes consistent with MI) within 30 days of the scheduled surgical revascularization and cellular implantation procedure.
  • Known sensitivity to gentamicin sulfate and/or amphotericin-B
  • Exposure to any investigational drug or procedure within 4 weeks prior to study entry
  • The use or expected use of antineoplastic drugs
  • History of skeletal muscle disease, either primary (i.e., myopathy) or secondary (i.e., ischemic) or any underlying myopathy such as myasthenia gravis, muscular dystrophy, etc.) as determined by a board certified pathologist examining sample of patients muscle biopsy
  • Previous angiogenic therapy and/or myocardial laser therapy
  • History of cancer within 5 years, except for basal cell carcinoma of the skin
  • PSA suggestive of carcinoma of the prostate (i.e., > 4)
  • Patient with CEA >2.5 ng/mL or end stage renal disease
  • Patients with active infectious disease and/or who are known to have tested positive for HIV, HTLV, HBV-sAg, HCV, CMV and/or syphilis. If the panel includes antibodies to the HBc and HBV-sAg, then an expert will be consulted.
  • Females who are pregnant or nursing. Females of childbearing potential must be using to the investigator's satisfaction, a medically accepted method of birth control (e.g., but not limited to, oral or implanted contraceptive therapy or intrauterine devices) and agree to continue for the duration of the study.
  • Any illness which might affect patient's survival over the study follow-up period
  • Any illness which, in the Investigator's judgment, will interfere with the patient's ability to comply with the protocol, compromise patient safety, or interfere with the interpretation of the study results.
  • Patient with an any previous cardiac surgery
  • Patient with valvular disease greater than mild in degree which is considered the primary cause of their heart failure
  • Patient in New York Heart Association Symptom Class 1 or 4
  • Patient with serum creatinine > 2.5
  • No informed consent or unable to provide informed consent

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00050765

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Contact: Doug Owens, RN, BSN (954) 835-1500 ext 100

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United States, Florida
Bioheart, Inc
Ft. Lauderdale, Florida, United States, 33326
Contact: Richard Spencer, JD, MBA    (954) 835-1500   
Contact: Doug Owends, RN, BSN, CCRA    (954) 835-1500   
Principal Investigator: Warren Sherman, MD         
United States, Georgia
Atlanta, Georgia, United States, 30342
United States, Illinois
Rush-Presbyterian-St. Luke's Medical Center
Chicago, Illinois, United States, 60612
Contact: Gary Schaer, MD FACC    312-942-4655   
Contact: Carrie Schlaffer, BS, CCRC    (312) 942-8901   
Principal Investigator: Gary L Schaer, MD FACC         
Sub-Investigator: Robert March, MD         
United States, New York
Mt. Sinai Medical Center
New York, New York, United States, 10029
United States, North Carolina
Duke University
Durham, North Carolina, United States, 27705
Sponsors and Collaborators
Bioheart, Inc.
Additional Information:
Layout table for additonal information Identifier: NCT00050765    
Other Study ID Numbers: Protocol BMI-US-01-001
Version F
First Posted: December 19, 2002    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: March 8, 2006
Last Verified: March 2006
Keywords provided by Bioheart, Inc.:
Myocardial Infarction
Heart disease
Coronary bypass graft (CABG) surgery
Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillator (ICD)
Heart failure
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Heart Failure
Coronary Artery Disease
Myocardial Infarction
Heart Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Pathologic Processes
Coronary Disease
Myocardial Ischemia
Arterial Occlusive Diseases
Vascular Diseases