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Discontinuation of Antiretroviral Therapy in Patients With Asymptomatic HIV Infection

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00050284
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : December 4, 2002
Last Update Posted : November 9, 2010
Information provided by:
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this study is to determine whether patients who have asymptomatic HIV infection can discontinue antiretroviral therapy (ART) without adverse clinical, virologic, or immunologic consequences. This study will also assess the virologic, immunologic, and clinical outcomes in any patients who restart ART.

Condition or disease
HIV Infections

Detailed Description:

Patients who can discontinue ART without a significant loss of virologic or immunologic control and without an increase in clinical events may be spared the expense and adverse effects of treatment. However, the consequences of treatment discontinuation in patients with asymptomatic HIV infections are not well understood. This study will follow the clinical and immunologic progression of HIV infection in patients who have low HIV viral load and preserved CD4+ cell counts at the time ART is stopped.

Patients will fast for at least 8 hours prior to the first study visit. At this visit, blood will be drawn and body measurements will be taken. Patients will then discontinue their ART. Patients taking nonnucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NNRTIs) will stop taking NNRTIs 48 hours before withdrawing their other ART drugs. Study visits will occur every 4 to 8 weeks for the first year, then every 12 weeks for the second year. Blood will be taken at most visits, and patients will be asked to fast for at least 8 hours prior to Week 12 and 24 visits and again every 6 months. Patients who reinitiate ART for any reason will be registered to Step 2 and followed for 24 weeks.

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Study Type : Observational
Enrollment : 158 participants
Time Perspective: Prospective
Official Title: Predictors of Immunologic and Clinical Progression in Subjects With CD4+ Cell Counts Greater Than 350 Cells/mm3 Who Discontinue Antiretroviral Therapy

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: HIV/AIDS

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   13 Years and older   (Child, Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • HIV infection
  • ART with 2 or more drugs for 6 or more months
  • CD4+ cell count(s) > 350 cells/mm3 immediately prior to initiation of first ART
  • CD4+ cell count > 350 cells/mm3 within 45 days prior to study entry
  • Plasma viral load < 55,000 copies/ml within 45 days prior to study entry
  • Willingness to discontinue ART at study entry
  • Negative serum or urine pregnancy test within 14 days prior to study entry

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Pregnancy or breast-feeding
  • Systemic cancer chemotherapy, systemic investigational agents, or immunomodulators within 30 days prior to study entry
  • Drug or alcohol use or dependence that would interfere with adherence to study requirements
  • Illness requiring systemic treatment and/or hospitalization until the patient either completes therapy or has been clinically stable on therapy for at least 30 days prior to study entry
  • Chronic medical condition that would have a negative impact on the participation of the patient or would be expected to result in significant use of the medical care system
  • History of an HIV-related illness or complication in CDC categories B and C
  • Nonadherence to ART
  • Active infection with hepatitis B and currently taking adefovir at doses > 10 mg or 3TC and/or TDF

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00050284

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Sponsors and Collaborators
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
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Study Chair: Daniel J. Skiest, M. D. University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center
Additional Information:
Publications of Results:
Other Publications:
Layout table for additonal information Identifier: NCT00050284    
Other Study ID Numbers: ACTG A5170
First Posted: December 4, 2002    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: November 9, 2010
Last Verified: November 2010
Keywords provided by National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID):
Treatment Experienced
Disease Progression
Anti-HIV Agents
Treatment Interruption
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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HIV Infections
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
Lentivirus Infections
Retroviridae Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Virus Diseases
Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Viral
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Immunologic Deficiency Syndromes
Immune System Diseases
Slow Virus Diseases