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Genetic Analysis of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00046059
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : September 19, 2002
Last Update Posted : October 9, 2020
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC) ( National Human Genome Research Institute (NHGRI) )

Brief Summary:

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is the most common behavioral disorder in childhood, affecting 3-5% of children between the ages of 7 and 17. Family studies suggest that there is a genetic component to ADHD. Scientists believe that it is a complex disorder in which two or more genes may be involved.

Potentially eligible families will be asked to give written consent to participate and will be asked to complete questionnaires for each member in the family. In addition, an interview will be administered to the parent of minors enrolled in the study to determine their eligibility for being in the study. This screening tool is computerized and will take approximately 45 minutes to administer per child.

Once screenings are completed, a blood collection kit will be sent to the family to take to their local medical care provider, have blood samples drawn and sent to NIH. There is no cost to the family to participate. We would like to enroll entire families, with both parents and all children.

...


Condition or disease
ADHD

Detailed Description:

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is one of the most common childhood

disorders and the most common childhood neurodevelopmental behavioral disorder. Symptoms include difficulty staying focused (inattention), difficulty controlling behavior (impulsivity), and hyperactivity. Symptoms typically develop between six and 12 years of age, and frequently persist into adulthood, with serious life-long health and social consequences. Affected children are at increased risk for poor educational achievement, low income, underemployment, legal difficulties, and impaired social relationships. The general belief is that ADHD is caused by a combination of genetic and environmental factors.

The main objective of the study is to conduct genetic and behavioral studies that will closely

characterize the genetic influences in diagnosis, prognosis, severity, and pharmacological

response in ADHD patients. Since the start of the study in 2000, research has contributed to the understanding of the innate susceptibility of ADHD and associated comorbidities; the interaction of genetic, demographic, and environmental factors underpinning the risk of developing ADHD; the extent to which these factors shape the response of ADHD patients to pharmacological interventions (pharmacogenetics); the over-representation of functional and ontological genebased networks implicated in determining synapse structure; and the use of advanced geneticepidemiological models with potential for use in clinical practice (translational genomics). The most significant research finding occurred in 2010, when the study team identified LPHN3, a key gene involved in the etiology of ADHD and comorbid conditions in one of the previously identified regions of strong genetic signal in chromosome 4q13.2.

In order to provide power for the study s statistical analyses, the upper enrollment goal is 4,000 participants. Although the study has several small and genetically distinct cohorts, the majority of subjects come from the United States of America population through outreach recruitment efforts. Recruitment has been very successful and the large cohort numbers provide support for identification of genetic components related to the diagnosis of ADHD. Recent efforts have focused on identifying new areas of the genome associated with ADHD, and identifying genetic (coding and non-coding) variations implicated in the etiology and clinical manifestations of ADHD. A primary aim of the study is to correlate genetic and biological markers for diagnosis and prognosis of ADHD identified through the use of state of the art genomics, which includes enome-wide association studies, linkage analysis, whole genome and exome sequencing, and targeted gene capture in cosmopolitan and isolated populations. As the current diagnosis of ADHD is based on subjective observations, one of the main goals of the study is to develop a more definitive system to diagnose ADHD and to assess and predict prognosis.

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Study Type : Observational
Actual Enrollment : 3481 participants
Observational Model: Cohort
Time Perspective: Cross-Sectional
Official Title: Genetic Analysis of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)
Actual Study Start Date : February 8, 2000


Group/Cohort
ADHD
Children aged 7-17 with ADHD and their families.



Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. ADHD [ Time Frame: Ongoing ]
    The main objective of the study is to conduct genetic and behavioral studies that will closely characterize the genetic influences in diagnosis, prognosis, severity, and pharmacological response in ADHD patients.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   7 Years and older   (Child, Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Sampling Method:   Non-Probability Sample
Study Population
1. Families with children, seven through 17 years of age, diagnosed with ADHD (defined as the proband for the study).@@@2. The probands siblings, either affected with ADHD (concordant) or unaffected (discordant), seven years of age and above, including adult siblings.@@@3. The parents, both mothers and fathers, of enrolled probands.
Criteria
  • INCLUSION CRITERIA:

This study will enroll families with the following characteristics:

  1. Families with children, seven through 17 years of age, diagnosed with ADHD (defined as the proband for the study).
  2. The probands siblings, either affected with ADHD (concordant) or unaffected (discordant), seven years of age and above, including adult siblings.
  3. The parents, both mothers and fathers, of enrolled probands.
  4. The study will enroll both male and female probands of any ethnic background and race. The prevalence of ADHD is higher in males than in females, so we would expect to have a higher number of male probands than female probands. Both male and female siblings and male and female parents of probands will be enrolled.
  5. Adults who are or may be unable to provide informed consent will be excluded.
  6. Probands with one parent affected with ADHD or with neither parent affected with ADHD are eligible. Probands from bilineal families, families with both parents affected with ADHD, will be excluded for statistical reasons.

Additional inclusion criteria for the study include:

1. Ability to read and understand spoken English, since the questionnaires, scales, and interviews that we have license to use in this study are in English.

EXCLUSION CRITERIA:

Some conditions can confound the diagnosis of ADHD. Probands with the following conditions will be excluded from enrollment or will be withdrawn from the study if the condition is discovered subsequent to enrollment:

  • Prematurity
  • Neurological conditions
  • Cardiac surgery
  • Prenatal drug exposure
  • Hydrocephaly
  • Mental Retardation (IQ<80)
  • Known genetic syndromes
  • Known CNS disorders
  • Known lead toxicity
  • Tourette Disorder
  • Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder
  • Major Depression on both proband and affected sibling
  • Pervasive Developmental Disorder
  • Age under 7 years old
  • Autism
  • Other Psychoses
  • Post Traumatic Stress Disorder
  • Language Disorder (if known)
  • Severe Sensory Impairment (visual and hearing)

Probands with the following conditions may be included, but the conditions will be noted during statistical analysis:

  • Oppositional Defiant Disorder
  • Conduct Disorder
  • Tic Disorder
  • Obsessive/Compulsive Symptoms
  • Anxiety/Phobias
  • Learning Disabilities

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00046059


Locations
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United States, California
University of California, Irvine Medical Center
Orange, California, United States, 92668
United States, Maryland
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center, 9000 Rockville Pike
Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Human Genome Research Institute (NHGRI)
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Maria T Acosta, M.D. National Human Genome Research Institute (NHGRI)
Additional Information:
Publications:
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Responsible Party: National Human Genome Research Institute (NHGRI)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00046059    
Other Study ID Numbers: 000058
00-HG-0058
First Posted: September 19, 2002    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: October 9, 2020
Last Verified: October 7, 2020
Keywords provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC) ( National Human Genome Research Institute (NHGRI) ):
Linkage
Gene Identification
Hyperactivity
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
ADHD
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Hyperkinesis
Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity
Attention Deficit and Disruptive Behavior Disorders
Neurodevelopmental Disorders
Mental Disorders
Dyskinesias
Neurologic Manifestations
Nervous System Diseases