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Erlotinib Hydrochloride in Treating Patients With Advanced Esophageal Cancer or Stomach Cancer

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00045526
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : January 27, 2003
Last Update Posted : June 4, 2013
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Brief Summary:
This phase II trial is studying erlotinib hydrochloride to see how well it works in treating patients with advanced esophageal cancer or stomach cancer. Erlotinib hydrochloride may stop the growth of cancer by blocking the enzymes necessary for tumor cell growth.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Adenocarcinoma of the Esophagus Adenocarcinoma of the Gastroesophageal Junction Recurrent Esophageal Cancer Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Esophagus Stage III Esophageal Cancer Stage IV Esophageal Cancer Drug: erlotinib hydrochloride Other: laboratory biomarker analysis Phase 2

Detailed Description:


I. Determine the objective response rate in patients with advanced carcinoma of the esophagus or gastroesophageal junction treated with erlotinib (erlotinib hydrochloride).

II. Determine the overall survival of patients treated with this drug. III. Determine the degree of dysphagia relief in patients treated with this drug.

IV. Determine the toxicity and tolerability of this drug in these patients. V. Correlate epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) expression with response to treatment in these patients.


Patients receive erlotinib hydrochloride orally (PO) once daily (QD). Courses repeat every 4 weeks in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 48 participants
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase II Study Of OSI-774 In Advanced Esophageal Cancer
Study Start Date : June 2002
Actual Primary Completion Date : February 2007

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Treatment (erlotinib hydrochloride)
Patients receive erlotinib hydrochloride PO QD. Courses repeat every 4 weeks in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Drug: erlotinib hydrochloride
Given PO
Other Names:
  • CP-358,774
  • erlotinib
  • OSI-774

Other: laboratory biomarker analysis
Correlative studies

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Major response rate (complete and partial response) [ Time Frame: Up to 5 years ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Toxicities, graded according to the National Cancer Institute (NCI) Common Toxicity Criteria (CTC) [ Time Frame: Up to 5 years ]
  2. Degree of dysphagia relief [ Time Frame: Up to 5 years ]
  3. Time to progression [ Time Frame: Up to 5 years ]
    Estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method and confidence intervals will be formed for median time to progression.

  4. Overall survival [ Time Frame: Up to 5 years ]
    Estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method and confidence intervals will be formed for median survival time.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Histologically or cytologically confirmed adenocarcinoma, squamous cell or small cell carcinoma, or carcinoma not otherwise specified of the esophagus or gastroesophageal junction

    • Metastatic or surgically unresectable disease
  • Measurable disease outside of primary tumor

    • At least 20 mm by conventional techniques OR at least 10 mm by spiral computed tomography (CT) scan
  • No bone metastases, abnormal radionuclide bone scans, or pleural effusions as only site of measurable disease
  • No known brain metastases or carcinomatous meningitis
  • Must consent to having tumor tissue tested for epidermal growth factor receptor status
  • Performance status-Karnofsky 70-100%
  • Life expectancy of greater than 3 months
  • Absolute neutrophil count at least 1,500/mm^3
  • Platelet count at least 100,000/mm^3
  • Bilirubin no greater than 2 times upper limit of normal (ULN)
  • Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) no greater than 2 times ULN
  • Creatinine no greater than 1.5 mg/dL
  • Calcium no greater than 12 mg/dL
  • No symptomatic hypercalcemia
  • No symptomatic congestive heart failure
  • No unstable angina pectoris
  • No ventricular arrhythmia
  • No other malignancy within the past 3 years except adequately treated carcinoma in situ of the cervix, superficial transitional cell carcinoma of the bladder, or basal cell or squamous cell skin cancer
  • No other uncontrolled concurrent illness
  • No ongoing or active infection
  • No psychiatric illness or social situation that would preclude study participation
  • No other concurrent disease that would preclude study participation
  • Not pregnant or nursing
  • Negative pregnancy test
  • Fertile patients must use effective contraception
  • No prior cetuximab
  • No more than 1 prior chemotherapy regimen for advanced or metastatic disease
  • One prior chemotherapy in the adjuvant setting (in combination with prior surgery or radiotherapy) allowed provided it was administered prior to treatment for advanced or metastatic disease
  • At least 3 weeks since prior chemotherapy
  • No concurrent investigational or commercial chemotherapy
  • At least 3 weeks since prior radiotherapy
  • No prior erlotinib-related compounds or compounds of similar biologic or chemical components
  • No prior EGFR-targeting compounds (e.g., gefitinib)
  • No other concurrent investigational agents
  • No concurrent combination antiretroviral therapy for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive patients

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00045526

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United States, New York
Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center
New York, New York, United States, 10065
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
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Principal Investigator: David Ilson Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center

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Responsible Party: National Cancer Institute (NCI) Identifier: NCT00045526     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: NCI-2012-01418
N01CM62206 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: January 27, 2003    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: June 4, 2013
Last Verified: June 2013

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Carcinoma, Squamous Cell
Esophageal Neoplasms
Esophageal Squamous Cell Carcinoma
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms, Squamous Cell
Gastrointestinal Neoplasms
Digestive System Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Head and Neck Neoplasms
Digestive System Diseases
Esophageal Diseases
Gastrointestinal Diseases
Erlotinib Hydrochloride
Antineoplastic Agents
Protein Kinase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action