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Creatine Therapy for Huntington's Disease

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00026988
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : November 16, 2001
Last Update Posted : August 18, 2006
Information provided by:
National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health (NCCIH)

Brief Summary:
This study, CREST-HD, will examine the safety and tolerability of 8 grams of creatine in subjects affected by Huntington's disease (HD). Biochemistry and neuroimaging will be used to examine the potential effects of creatine on HD.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Huntington's Disease Drug: Creatine Phase 1 Phase 2

Detailed Description:
Huntington's disease (HD) is a progressive and fatal neurologic disorder caused by an expanded CAG repeat in the gene coding for a protein of unknown function that has been named huntingtin. The exact cause of neuronal death in HD is unknown, however, the leading hypothesis is that of excitotoxicity and apoptosis induced by a defect in energy metabolism that may be caused by oxidative stress. We previously demonstrated that mitochondrial inhibitors produce striatal lesions closely mimicking the phenotype of HD. We have also shown that oxidative injury is involved in these models and may be in human HD. Because of this research, there has been increasing interest in the HD field in exploring complementary agents that might prevent oxidative injury, Creatine is a widely used dietary supplement principally taken to enhance athletic performance. It is a very strong candidate neuroprotective agent for HD and other neurodegenerative disorders because of its ability to ameliorate toxin-based animal models and because of our preliminary evidence in transgenic HD mice. However, there is only limited animal experience with creatine and there has not yet been any trials in humans with neurodegenerative disorders. There are several potential mechanisms by which creatine could be an effective treatment for HD. First, there is evidence that it can be neuroprotective by relieving oxidative stress. Second, it could directly inhibit apoptotic neuronal death through its inhibitory action on the mitochondrial transition pore. Third, we have preliminary evidence that creatine treatment may be associated with reduced huntingtin aggregation, a potentially toxic process. Finally it could act peripherally to help reverse the weakness and muscle mass loss that is a major clinical problem in HD. We have preliminary evidence that creatine can extend survival in transgenic models of HD and that it can reduce brain markers of metabolic stress in humans with HD. We propose to test whether creatine can ameliorate the behavioral and neuropathologic phenotypes occurring in transgenic models of HD, examine the potential mechanisms of creatine neuroprotection, test its safety and tolerability in HD patients, and collect pilot clinical data examining how creatine impacts HD symptoms and progression. These studies are intended to provide the basis of a subsequent phase III trial of creatine in HD.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Enrollment : 64 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Creatine Therapy for Huntington's Disease
Study Start Date : October 2001
Study Completion Date : June 2006

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
  • Diagnosis of HD confirmed by known family history or by CAG repeat expansion >37.
  • Clinical stage I or II as determined by a functional capacity scale >7; must have evident motor signs
  • Men and women >18 years if age with a clinical diagnosis of HD. Women of childbearing age may participate if they have a negative pregnancy test at screening and are either using adequate birth control, post menopausal, or are surgically sterile.
  • Stable doses of any psychotropic medications for 4 weeks prior to randomization and should be maintained on constant dosage throughout the course of the trial.
  • Capable of providing informed consent

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00026988

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United States, Massachusetts
Steven Hersch, M.D., Ph.D.
Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02129
United States, New York
Andrew Feigin, M.D.
Long Island, New York, United States
Karen Marder, M.D.
New York, New York, United States, 10032
Peter Como, Ph.D.
Rochester, New York, United States, 14642
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health (NCCIH)
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Principal Investigator: Steven Hersch, MD Harvard School of Medicine
Layout table for additonal information Identifier: NCT00026988    
Other Study ID Numbers: R01AT000613-01 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: November 16, 2001    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: August 18, 2006
Last Verified: July 2006
Keywords provided by National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health (NCCIH):
Huntington's disease
energy depletion
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Huntington Disease
Basal Ganglia Diseases
Brain Diseases
Central Nervous System Diseases
Nervous System Diseases
Movement Disorders
Heredodegenerative Disorders, Nervous System
Neurodegenerative Diseases
Genetic Diseases, Inborn
Cognition Disorders
Neurocognitive Disorders
Mental Disorders