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Combination Chemotherapy Plus Bevacizumab in Treating Patients With Advanced Colorectal Cancer

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00006786
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : February 12, 2004
Last Update Posted : June 24, 2013
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by:
National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Brief Summary:

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Bevacizumab may stop the growth of colorectal cancer by stopping blood flow to the tumor.

PURPOSE: Phase II trial to study the effectiveness of combination chemotherapy plus bevacizumab in treating patients who have advanced colorectal cancer.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Colorectal Cancer Biological: bevacizumab Drug: fluorouracil Drug: irinotecan hydrochloride Drug: leucovorin calcium Phase 2

Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVES: I. Determine the progression-free survival at 7 months of patients with previously untreated advanced colorectal cancer treated with fluorouracil, leucovorin calcium, irinotecan, and bevacizumab. II. Determine the response rate and overall survival of this patient population treated with this regimen. III. Determine the toxicity of this treatment regimen in these patients.

OUTLINE: This is a multicenter study. Patients receive irinotecan IV over 90 minutes, leucovorin calcium IV, and fluorouracil IV once weekly for 4 weeks. Patients also receive bevacizumab IV over 30-90 minutes once every 2 weeks. Treatment repeats every 6 weeks in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients are followed every 3 months for 2 years, every 6 months for 3 years, and then annually thereafter.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 75 patients will be accrued for this study within 1 year.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase II Trial of Fluorouracil (5-FU), Leucovorin (LV), Irinotecan (CPT-11) and Bevacizumab (Anti-VEGF) in Previously Untreated Patients With Advanced Colorectal Cancer
Study Start Date : November 2000
Actual Study Completion Date : September 2006

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Drug Information available for: Bevacizumab

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS: Histologically confirmed advanced or metastatic adenocarcinoma of the colon and rectum Surgically unresectable disease Measurable disease Disease outside the prior radiotherapy port and/or progressive disease within the previously irradiated volume

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS: Age: 18 and over Performance status: ECOG 0-2 Life expectancy: Not specified Hematopoietic: WBC at least 3,000/mm3 Platelet count at least 100,000/mm3 No hemorrhagic events within the past 6 months Hepatic: Bilirubin normal SGOT normal INR no greater than 1.5 Renal: Creatinine no greater than 1.5 times upper limit of normal Cardiovascular: No thromboembolic events within the past 6 months Pulmonary: No evidence of pneumonia Other: No known hypersensitivity to recombinant humanized murine monoclonal antibodies No evidence of significant active infection (e.g., peritonitis or wound abscess) Not pregnant or nursing Negative pregnancy test Fertile patients must use effective contraception

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY: Biologic therapy: No concurrent sargramostim (GM-CSF) Chemotherapy: At least 12 months since prior fluorouracil-based adjuvant chemotherapy No prior adjuvant irinotecan Endocrine therapy: Not specified Radiotherapy: See Disease Characteristics At least 2 weeks since prior radiotherapy and recovered Surgery: See Disease Characteristics Other: No prior therapy for advanced disease No concurrent therapeutic anticoagulation except for low-dose coumadin for maintenance of indwelling catheters

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00006786

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Sponsors and Collaborators
Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
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Study Chair: Bruce J. Giantonio, MD Presbyterian medical center
Publications of Results:
Giantonio BJ, Levy D, O'Dwyer PJ, et al.: Bevacizumab (anti-VEGF) plus IFL (irinotecan, fluorouracil, leucovorin) as front-line therapy for advanced colorectal cancer (advCRC): results from the Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) Study E2200. [Abstract] Proceedings of the American Society of Clinical Oncology 22: A-1024, 2003.
Giantonio BJ, Levy D, Catalano PJ, et al.: Incorporating angiogenesis inhibition with bevacizumab (anti-VEGF) into frontline chemotherapy with irinotecan (CPT-11), fluorouracil and leucovorin (FU/LV) for advanced colorectal cancer (advCRC): a toxicity analysis of ECOG study E2200. [Abstract] Proceedings of the American Society of Clinical Oncology 21: A-503, 2002.

Other Publications:
Giantonio BJ, Chen HX, Catalano PJ, et al.: Bowel perforation and fistula formation in colorectal cancer patients treated on Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) studies E2200 and E3200. [Abstract] J Clin Oncol 22 (Suppl 14): A-3017, 199s, 2004.
Gray R, Giantonio BJ, O'Dwyer PJ, et al.: The safety of adding angiogenesis inhibition into treatment for colorectal, breast, and lung cancer: the Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group's (ECOG) experience with bevacizumab (anti-VEGF). [Abstract] Proceedings of the American Society of Clinical Oncology 22: A-825, 2003.

Layout table for additonal information Identifier: NCT00006786    
Other Study ID Numbers: CDR0000068328
First Posted: February 12, 2004    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: June 24, 2013
Last Verified: September 2006
Keywords provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI):
stage IV colon cancer
stage IV rectal cancer
recurrent colon cancer
recurrent rectal cancer
adenocarcinoma of the colon
adenocarcinoma of the rectum
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Colorectal Neoplasms
Intestinal Neoplasms
Gastrointestinal Neoplasms
Digestive System Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Colonic Diseases
Digestive System Diseases
Gastrointestinal Diseases
Intestinal Diseases
Rectal Diseases
Antineoplastic Agents, Immunological
Antineoplastic Agents
Angiogenesis Inhibitors
Angiogenesis Modulating Agents
Growth Substances
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Growth Inhibitors
Calcium-Regulating Hormones and Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors