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Monoclonal Antibody Therapy in Treating Patients With Prostate Cancer

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00006380
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : June 9, 2004
Last Update Posted : June 18, 2013
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by:
Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center

Brief Summary:

RATIONALE: Monoclonal antibodies can locate tumor cells and either kill them or deliver tumor-killing substances to them without harming normal cells.

PURPOSE: Phase I trial to study the effectiveness of monoclonal antibody therapy in treating patients who have prostate cancer that no longer responds to antiandrogen therapy.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Prostate Cancer Biological: monoclonal antibody muJ591 Radiation: iodine I 131 monoclonal antibody muJ591 Phase 1

Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVES: I. Determine the biodistribution and normal organ dosimetry of iodine I 131 monoclonal antibody muJ591 in patients with progressive androgen independent prostate cancer. II. Determine the safety of this drug in these patients. III. Determine the pharmacokinetics of this drug in these patients. IV. Determine the human antimouse antibody response in these patients to this drug. V. Determine the antitumor effects of this drug in these patients.

OUTLINE: This is a dose escalation study of iodine I 131 monoclonal antibody muJ591 (131I-J591). Patients receive unlabeled monoclonal antibody muJ591 IV over 1 hour followed by 131I-J591 IV over 1 hour. Cohorts of 3-6 patients receive escalating doses of 131I-J591 (radioactivity is escalated, monoclonal antibody dose is fixed) until the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) is determined. The MTD is defined as the dose at which 2 of 3 or 6 patients experience dose limiting toxicity. Patients are followed at weeks 3, 4, 6, 8, 9, and 12, and then every 6 months until month 21.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 3-24 patients will be accrued for this study over 12 months.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase I Evaluation of 131I-J591 Murine Monoclonal Antibody in Patients With Progressive Androgen-Independent Prostate Cancer
Study Start Date : September 2000
Actual Primary Completion Date : March 2002
Actual Study Completion Date : March 2002

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Prostate Cancer

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Male
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS: Histologically confirmed androgen independent prostate cancer that is progressing under castrate levels of testosterone Progression documented in one of the following ways: A minimum of 3 rising PSA values from baseline obtained 1 week or more apart or 2 measurements 2 weeks or more apart New osseous lesions on bone scan Greater than 25% increase in bidimensionally measurable soft tissue disease, or the appearance of new sites of disease Patients on an antiandrogen must have shown progression off of the antiandrogen prior to study Testosterone no greater than 50 ng/mL No residual proctitis following radiotherapy No active CNS or epidural primary tumor or metastases

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS: Age: 18 and over Performance status: Karnofsky 60-100% Life expectancy: Not specified Hematopoietic: WBC greater than 3,500/mm3 Hemoglobin greater than 10 g/dL Platelet count greater than 150,000/mm3 Hepatic: Bilirubin less than 1.5 mg/dL GGT less than upper limit of normal (ULN) AST less than ULN PT less than 14 seconds No autoimmune hepatitis Renal: Creatinine less than 1.5 mg/dL OR Creatinine clearance greater than 60 mL/min Cardiovascular: No New York Heart Association class III or IV cardiac disease Pulmonary: No severe debilitating pulmonary disease Other: No active uncontrolled infection or infection requiring IV antibiotic treatment No evidence of human antimouse antibody No prior autoimmune disease No prior GI hemorrhage HIV negative Fertile patients must use effective contraception

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY: Biologic therapy: At least 2 months since prior packed red blood cell transfusion No prior murine or human antibody therapy No prior murine protein No other concurrent immunotherapy Chemotherapy: At least 4 weeks since prior chemotherapy and recovered No concurrent chemotherapy Endocrine therapy: See Disease Characteristics Concurrent gonadotropin releasing hormone analogs required for patients who have not undergone surgical orchiectomy No other concurrent hormonal therapy Radiotherapy: See Disease Characteristics At least 4 weeks since prior radiotherapy and recovered No prior diagnostic scintigram (e.g., ProstaScint, Myoscint, or Oncoscint) No prior radiotherapy to more than the sternum alone OR No primary radiotherapy to the prostate and one other site OR No prior radiotherapy to more than 25% of the skeleton No prior treatment with strontium chloride Sr 89 or Samarium Sm 153 lexidronam pentasodium No concurrent radiotherapy to localized sites (e.g.,bone) used as indicator lesions Surgery: No concurrent surgery to sole site of measurable disease Other: At least 4 weeks since investigational anticancer therapeutic drugs and recovered No concurrent aspirin, nonsteroidal antiinflammitory agents, anticoagulants, or other drugs that may induce or exacerbate a bleeding tendency

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00006380

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United States, New York
Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center
New York, New York, United States, 10021
Sponsors and Collaborators
Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
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Study Chair: Howard I. Scher, MD Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center

Layout table for additonal information Identifier: NCT00006380     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 99-061
CDR0000068254 ( Registry Identifier: PDQ (Physician Data Query) )
First Posted: June 9, 2004    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: June 18, 2013
Last Verified: June 2013

Keywords provided by Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center:
stage III prostate cancer
stage IV prostate cancer
recurrent prostate cancer

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Prostatic Neoplasms
Genital Neoplasms, Male
Urogenital Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Genital Diseases, Male
Prostatic Diseases
Antibodies, Monoclonal
Antineoplastic Agents, Immunological
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antineoplastic Agents