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Drug Treatment for Depressed Alcoholics (Naltrexone/Fluoxetine)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00006204
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : September 12, 2000
Last Update Posted : December 10, 2007
Information provided by:
National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA)

Brief Summary:
This study will examine the effects of combing naltrexone and fluoxetine (Prozac) versus fluoxetine and placebo in alcoholics with co-occurring major depression. Both groups will actively participate in the 6-month study, which includes weekly individual Dual Disorders Recovery Counseling during the first month and every two weeks during the second through sixth months, plus the naltrexone and fluoxetine or fluoxetine and placebo. Subjects will complete follow-up assessments at 9 and 12 months.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Alcoholism Alcohol Dependence Depression Drug: naltrexone (Revia) Drug: fluoxetine (Prozac) Phase 4

Detailed Description:
We propose to test the efficacy of the combination of naltrexone and fluoxetine versus fluoxetine alone in the treatment of patients with alcoholism and co-morbid major depression in a double-blind, placebo- controlled, randomized, parallel group trial. With nearly eight million affected individuals in the U.S., co-morbid alcoholism and major depressive disorder represent a significant public health problem. The presence of co-morbidity has a significant negative impact on treatment response and outcome, resulting in increased risk for suicide and increased rates of costly inpatient psychiatric care. Effective pharmacologic treatments addressing thee dual disorders are lacking. Only partial response has been obtained in studies evaluating anti- depressant monotherapy in depressed alcoholics. Our previous work with the SSRI fluoxetine has demonstrative the positive results published to date in severely depressed alcoholics. Our previous work with the SSRI fluoxetine has demonstrative the most positive results published to date in severely depressed alcoholics. The fluoxetine group in that study, however, displayed only a partial treatment response, with low abstinence rates and persistent depressive symptoms and alcohol abuse. However, our original and extended pilot work evaluating the usefulness of combined naltrexone and fluoxetine suggest a robust response, with a significant decrease in alcohol use and depressive symptoms. Our study of potential interactions between these two medications documents that naltrexone does not increase fluoxetine or norfluoxetine blood levels in most patients. Our proposed study will build on our previous work and established record both in conducting medication efficacy trials in this complex and high risk population, and in developing fundamental pharmacological methodologies necessary to investigate the proposed rug interaction studies. The timeliness of our proposed study is underscored by the high prevalence of this co-morbid condition and by the widely but untested use of the combined medication treatment in clinical practice. Thus, our study our will fill an important gap in our knowledge regarding the treatment of high risk clinical population. We hypothesize that combined fluoxetine and naltrexone treatment will offer enhanced treatment for alcoholics with co-morbid major depression. While the fluoxetine will target the depressive disorders in addition to the compulsive consumatory behavior related to alcoholism, the naltrexone will target the positive reinforcing effect and release risk related to pathological alcohol use. We request five years of support to achieve the following aims: 1) Examine the efficacy of naltrexone plus fluoxetine compared to fluoxetine and placebo in the treatment of patients with co- morbid DSM-IV alcohol dependence and unipolar major depression.; 2) Assess specific predictors of medication response; 3) Conduct a prospective assessment of the effect of persistent depressive symptoms on alcohol use. One hundred and six acutely depressed and actively drinking subjects will be randomized and prospectively followed during a 6 month double-blind study, and a 6-month post-treatment follow-up phase.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Enrollment : 106 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Combined Pharmacotherapy in Depressed Alcoholics
Study Start Date : March 2000
Actual Study Completion Date : January 2006

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Alcohol use as measured by the Timeline
  2. Follow-back method
  3. Depressive symptoms as measured by the Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 65 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Meets criteria for alcohol dependence and comorbid major depressive disorder.
  • Absence of any hazardous drinking within 48 to 120 hours (defined as more than or equal to three drinks/day for females and more than or equal to four drinks/day for males).
  • No more than 15 days of complete abstinence prior to study.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Psychiatric conditions including schizophrenia, schizoaffective disorder, any non-bipolar psychiatric disorder, bipolar disorders, primary anxiety disorder, mental retardation, and signs of impaired cognitive functioning.
  • Any non-alcohol substance dependence except for nicotine.
  • Opioid abuse, opioid dependence, or on opioid maintenance treatment.
  • Neurological conditions including epilepsy, history of brain injury, encephalitis, or any organic brain syndrome or focally abnormal electroencephalograph examination (EEG).
  • Medical conditions including severe cardiac, liver, kidney, endocrine, hematologic, other impairing or unstable medical condition or impending surgery.
  • Persistent elevation of liver enzymes indicating active liver disease.
  • Females who are pregnant, or unable or unwilling to use reliable birth control methods.
  • Unable to read or understand study forms and agree to informed consent.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00006204

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United States, Pennsylvania
Department of Psychiatry, Western Psychiatric Institute and Clinic of the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States, 15213
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA)
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Principal Investigator: Ihsan M. Salloum, MD Western Psychiatric Institute, Clinic of the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Pittsburgh, PA
Layout table for additonal information Identifier: NCT00006204    
Other Study ID Numbers: NIAAASAL11929
First Posted: September 12, 2000    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: December 10, 2007
Last Verified: December 2007
Keywords provided by National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA):
Alcohol Dependence
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Behavioral Symptoms
Mental Disorders
Alcohol-Related Disorders
Substance-Related Disorders
Chemically-Induced Disorders
Alcohol Deterrents
Narcotic Antagonists
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Sensory System Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Serotonin Uptake Inhibitors
Neurotransmitter Uptake Inhibitors
Membrane Transport Modulators
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Neurotransmitter Agents
Serotonin Agents
Antidepressive Agents, Second-Generation
Antidepressive Agents
Psychotropic Drugs
Cytochrome P-450 CYP2D6 Inhibitors
Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors