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S9920 Busulfan Compared With Cyclophosphamide in Patients Undergoing Total-Body Irradiation Plus Peripheral Stem Cell Transplantation for Advanced Myelodysplastic Syndrome or Related Acute Myeloid Leukemia

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00005866
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : March 16, 2004
Last Update Posted : March 6, 2015
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Southwest Oncology Group

Brief Summary:

RATIONALE: Peripheral stem cell transplantation may be able to replace immune cells that were destroyed by chemotherapy or radiation therapy used to kill tumor cells. It is not yet known if total-body irradiation plus peripheral stem cell transplantation is more effective with busulfan or with cyclophosphamide for myelodysplastic syndrome or acute myeloid leukemia.

PURPOSE: Randomized phase III trial to compare the effectiveness of busulfan with that of cyclophosphamide in patients undergoing total-body irradiation plus peripheral stem cell transplantation for advanced myelodysplastic syndrome or related acute myeloid leukemia.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Leukemia Myelodysplastic Syndromes Drug: busulfan Drug: cyclophosphamide Drug: cyclosporine Drug: methotrexate Procedure: allogeneic bone marrow transplantation Radiation: radiation therapy Phase 3

Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVES: I. Compare event free survival after total body irradiation (TBI) plus busulfan versus TBI plus cyclophosphamide followed by allogeneic peripheral blood stem cell transplantation in patients with advanced myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) or MDS related acute myeloid leukemia. II. Determine the distribution of pharmacokinetic parameters for busulfan in those patients randomized to the busulfan treatment arm. III. Investigate the prognostic significance for event free survival of prior history of red cell transfusions, cytogenetic pattern, and of functional drug resistance at diagnosis in these patients. IV. Estimate the frequencies of cytogenetic and genetic changes during disease progression in these patients.

OUTLINE: This a randomized, multicenter study. Patients are stratified according to age (40 and under vs 41-55) and diagnosis and International Prognostic Scoring System (IPSS) risk group (myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS)/IPSS - intermediate 1 vs MDS/IPSS - intermediate 2 vs MDS/IPSS high risk vs MDS related acute myeloid leukemia). Patients are randomized to one of two treatment arms. Arm I: Patients receive busulfan IV over 2 hours every 6 hours on days -7 to -4 for a total of 16 doses. Arm II: Patients receive cyclophosphamide IV over 2 hours on days -5 and -4. Patients receive total body irradiation (TBI) twice a day on days -3 to -1; peripheral blood stem cell transplantation from genotypically HLA identical sibling on day 0; cyclosporine IV every 12 hours on days -1 to 60, and then tapering in the absence of graft versus host disease; and methotrexate IV on days 1, 3, 6, and 11. Patients are followed every 6 months for 5 years.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 240 patients (120 per treatment arm) will be accrued for this study over 5 years.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 240 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase III Randomized Study Comparing Busulfan-Total Body Irradiation Versus Cyclophosphamide-Total Body Irradiation Preparative Regimen in Patients With Advanced Myelodysplastic Syndrome (MDS) or MDS-Related Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML) Undergoing HLA-Identical Sibling Peripheral Blood Stem Cell Transplantation, (A BMT Study)
Study Start Date : February 2000
Actual Primary Completion Date : March 2004
Actual Study Completion Date : March 2006

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: treatment Drug: busulfan
arm 1: 0.44 mg/kg every 6 hours, IV over 2 hours, day -7 to -4

Drug: cyclophosphamide
arm 2: 60 mg/kg every 24 hrs for 2 doses, IV over 2 hrs, days -5 and -4

Drug: cyclosporine
both arms per published schedule

Drug: methotrexate
GVHD: 15 mg/m2 day 1, 10 mg/m2 day 3, 6 and 11 by IV

Procedure: allogeneic bone marrow transplantation
day 0

Radiation: radiation therapy
both arms: 1200 cGy total dose (6 x 200 fractions)

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Event-free survival [ Time Frame: every 6 months after stem cell infusion until death or 5 years ]

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   16 Years to 55 Years   (Child, Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS: Cytologically confirmed myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) Increased blasts (i.e., greater than 1 to 30% peripheral blood blasts and/or 5 to 30% bone marrow blasts) AND International Prognostic Score intermediate 1, intermediate 2, or high risk Refractory anemia with excess blasts OR Refractory anemia with excess blasts in transformation (no presence of auer rods as sole criteria) OR Chronic myelomonocytic leukemia Greater than 1% blasts in the peripheral blood and/or at least 5% blasts in the bone marrow OR MDS related acute myeloid leukemia Arising after documented MDS of at least 60 days Absolute peripheral blast count no greater than 5,000/mm3 Must have genotypically HLA identical sibling donor Must also be enrolled on SWOG-S9910 and SWOG-9007

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS: Age: 16 to 55 Performance status: Zubrod 0-2 Life expectancy: Not specified Hematopoietic: See Disease Characteristics Hepatic: Not specified Renal: Not specified Other: No prior malignancy within past 5 years except: Adequately treated basal cell or squamous cell skin cancer Carcinoma in situ of the cervix Adequately treated stage I or II cancer in complete remission HIV negative Not pregnant or nursing Fertile patients must use effective contraception

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY: Biologic therapy: No autologous peripheral stem cell transplantation prior to diagnosis of myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) or MDS related acute myeloid leukemia Chemotherapy: No prior chemotherapy for MDS or MDS related acute myeloid leukemia except oral chemotherapy to control leukocytosis or thrombocytosis (e.g., hydroxyurea or etoposide) Endocrine therapy: Not specified Radiotherapy: No radiotherapy prior to diagnosis of MDS or MDS related acute myeloid leukemia Surgery: Not specified

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00005866

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Sponsors and Collaborators
Southwest Oncology Group
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
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Study Chair: Jeanne E. Anderson, MD Katmai Oncology Group
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Responsible Party: Southwest Oncology Group Identifier: NCT00005866    
Other Study ID Numbers: S9920
S9920 ( Other Identifier: SWOG )
U10CA032102 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: March 16, 2004    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: March 6, 2015
Last Verified: March 2015
Keywords provided by Southwest Oncology Group:
untreated adult acute myeloid leukemia
refractory anemia with excess blasts
refractory anemia with excess blasts in transformation
chronic myelomonocytic leukemia
secondary acute myeloid leukemia
de novo myelodysplastic syndromes
secondary myelodysplastic syndromes
childhood myelodysplastic syndromes
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Leukemia, Myeloid
Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute
Myelodysplastic Syndromes
Pathologic Processes
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Bone Marrow Diseases
Hematologic Diseases
Precancerous Conditions
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antirheumatic Agents
Antineoplastic Agents, Alkylating
Alkylating Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antineoplastic Agents
Myeloablative Agonists
Abortifacient Agents, Nonsteroidal
Abortifacient Agents
Reproductive Control Agents