COVID-19 is an emerging, rapidly evolving situation.
Get the latest public health information from CDC:

Get the latest research information from NIH: Menu

Leucovorin and Fluorouracil With or Without SU5416 in Treating Patients With Metastatic Colorectal Cancer

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00004252
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : April 19, 2004
Last Update Posted : September 11, 2012
Information provided by (Responsible Party):

Brief Summary:

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. SU5416 may stop the growth of colorectal cancer by stopping blood flow to the tumor. It is not yet known whether chemotherapy is more effective with or without SU5416 in treating metastatic colorectal cancer.

PURPOSE: Randomized phase III trial to compare the effectiveness of leucovorin and fluorouracil with or without SU5416 in treating patients who have metastatic colorectal cancer.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Colorectal Cancer Drug: fluorouracil Drug: leucovorin calcium Drug: semaxanib Phase 3

Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVES: I. Compare the median survival in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer treated with fluorouracil and leucovorin calcium with or without SU5416. II. Compare the time to progression, duration of response, and objective response in these patients on these two regimens. III. Compare the percentage 6 month, 9 month, and one year survival of these patients on these two regimens. IV. Compare the time to treatment failure in these patients on these two regimens. V. Determine the health related quality of life of these patients on these two regimens. VI. Compare the palliative and biologic effects of SU5416 in these patients. VII. Determine the safety and tolerability of fluorouracil and leucovorin calcium plus SU5416 in these patients.

OUTLINE: This is a randomized, open label, multicenter study. Patients are stratified according to performance status (ECOG 0 vs 1), site of primary disease (colon vs rectum), measurable or evaluable disease, and prior fluorouracil adjuvant chemotherapy (none vs at least 1 dose). Patients are randomized to one of two treatment arms: Arm I: Patients receive leucovorin calcium IV over 2 hours and fluorouracil IV bolus 1 hour into leucovorin calcium administration weekly for 6 weeks. Arm II: Patients receive leucovorin calcium IV over 2 hours and fluorouracil IV bolus 1 hour into leucovorin calcium administration weekly for 6 weeks, plus SU5416 twice weekly for 8 weeks. Treatment repeats every 8 weeks in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Quality of life is assessed prior to study, at weeks 4 and 8 of each course, and then post study. Patients are followed post study at one month and then every 2 months until death.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 710 patients (355 per treatment arm) will be accrued for this study.

Layout table for study information
Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Allocation: Randomized
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Randomized, Open-Label, Multicenter Phase III Study of 5-FU/Leucovorin With or Without Concomitant SU5416 in Patients With Metastatic Colorectal Cancer
Study Start Date : November 1999
Actual Primary Completion Date : September 2007
Actual Study Completion Date : September 2007

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

Layout table for eligibility information
Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS: Histologically confirmed, newly diagnosed or recurrent, metastatic colorectal cancer Primary disease was adenocarcinoma of the colon or rectum Bidimensionally measurable or evaluable disease No CNS metastases

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS: Age: 18 and over Performance status: ECOG 0-1 Life expectancy: At least 12 weeks Hematopoietic: Absolute neutrophil count at least 1,500/mm3 Platelet count at least 75,000/mm3 Hemoglobin at least 8 g/dL Hepatic: Bilirubin no greater than 2.2 mg/dL AST no greater than 5 times upper limit of normal Renal: Creatinine no greater than 2.0 mg/dL Creatinine clearance at least 50 mL/min Other: Not pregnant Negative pregnancy test Fertile patients must use effective contraception No known allergy to Cremophor or Cremophor based drug products No uncontrolled colon or small bowel disorders No other malignancy within the past 5 years, except: Basal cell skin cancer Carcinoma in situ of the cervix No other acute or chronic medical or psychiatric condition, or laboratory abnormality that would preclude compliance

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY: Biologic therapy: No prior immunotherapy, vaccine therapy, cytokine therapy, or biologic therapy for metastatic disease No prior angiogenesis inhibition therapy (e.g., metalloproteinase inhibitors, thalidomide, anti-VEGF/Flk-1 monoclonal antibody therapy or other experimental drugs acting directly on the VEGF/Flk-1 signaling pathway) Prior antibody therapy, immunotherapy, gene therapy, vaccine therapy, cytokine therapy, or radioimmunotherapy allowed in adjuvant setting only Concurrent epoetin alfa, filgrastim (G-CSF), or sargramostim (GM-CSF) allowed for anemia, neutropenia, or thrombocytopenia No concurrent immunotherapy Chemotherapy: No prior systemic chemotherapy for metastatic disease No prior intra-arterial cytotoxic chemotherapy No more than one prior course of fluorouracil based adjuvant therapy (e.g., intravenous fluorouracil or capecitabine) with the last dose administered at least 6 months ago No prior SU5416 No other concurrent chemotherapy Endocrine therapy: Not specified Radiotherapy: At least 2 weeks since prior radiotherapy Concurrent localized palliative radiotherapy allowed unless indicative of disease progression Surgery: At least 4 weeks since prior major surgery (not including surgical placement of a venous access device) Prior surgical resection of hepatic metastases allowed Other: No prior investigational therapy for metastatic disease No other concurrent investigational agents

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00004252

Show Show 26 study locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
Layout table for investigator information
Study Chair: Alison L. Hannah, MBBS SUGEN
Layout table for additonal information
Responsible Party: Pfizer Identifier: NCT00004252    
Other Study ID Numbers: SUGEN-SU5416.031
First Posted: April 19, 2004    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: September 11, 2012
Last Verified: September 2012
Keywords provided by Pfizer:
stage IV colon cancer
stage IV rectal cancer
recurrent colon cancer
recurrent rectal cancer
adenocarcinoma of the colon
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Layout table for MeSH terms
Colorectal Neoplasms
Intestinal Neoplasms
Gastrointestinal Neoplasms
Digestive System Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Colonic Diseases
Digestive System Diseases
Gastrointestinal Diseases
Intestinal Diseases
Rectal Diseases
Calcium-Regulating Hormones and Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Antineoplastic Agents
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Protective Agents
Vitamin B Complex
Growth Substances