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Combination Chemotherapy Plus Radiation Therapy in Treating Patients With Advanced and/or Recurrent Head and Neck Cancer

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00004097
Recruitment Status : Unknown
Verified October 2001 by National Cancer Institute (NCI).
Recruitment status was:  Active, not recruiting
First Posted : March 31, 2004
Last Update Posted : September 20, 2013
Information provided by:
National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Brief Summary:

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Radiation therapy uses high-energy x-rays to damage tumor cells. Combining chemotherapy with radiation therapy may kill more tumor cells.

PURPOSE: Phase I trial to study the effectiveness of combination chemotherapy plus radiation therapy in treating patients who have advanced and/or recurrent head and neck cancer.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Head and Neck Cancer Drug: fluorouracil Drug: gemcitabine hydrochloride Drug: paclitaxel Radiation: radiation therapy Phase 1

Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVES: I. Determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) and dose-limiting toxicity (DLT) of gemcitabine when administered with paclitaxel and fluorouracil with concurrent hyperfractionated radiotherapy in patients with advanced and/or recurrent head and neck cancer. II. Determine the MTD and DLT of gemcitabine as a single agent with radiotherapy in these patients. III. Determine the efficacy of concurrent chemoradiotherapy in terms of time to progression, pattern of failure, and overall survival in patients with measurable disease. IV. Determine gemcitabine and fluorouracil pharmacokinetics in these patients.

OUTLINE: This is a dose escalation study of gemcitabine, conducted in two phases. Phase A: Patients receive fluorouracil IV continuously on days 1-5, paclitaxel IV over 1 hour on day 2, and radiotherapy administered twice daily on days 1-5. This regimen is repeated every 2 weeks for 2 courses, then gemcitabine IV over 30 minutes is added on day 2 after paclitaxel. This regimen is administered every 2 weeks for 3 courses. Patients with responsive disease may continue chemotherapy (without radiotherapy) for 2 courses beyond maximum response. Cohorts of 3-6 patients receive escalating doses of gemcitabine until the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) is determined. The MTD is defined as the dose at which 3 of 6 patients experience dose-limiting toxicity. Phase B: After the MTD of gemcitabine is determined in phase A, further dose escalation of gemcitabine may be performed with concurrent radiotherapy (without fluorouracil or paclitaxel). The MTD is determined as in phase A. Patients are followed monthly for 1 year and then every 3 months thereafter.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 30-40 patients will be accrued for this study within approximately 2 years.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase I Study of Concomitant Chemoradiotherapy With Gemcitabine, Paclitaxel, and 5-FU for Patients With Advanced and/or Recurrent Cancer of the Head and Neck
Study Start Date : August 1999

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS: Histologically or cytologically proven head and neck cancer requiring regional radiotherapy Locoregional, recurrent disease after primary therapy with surgery, radiation, or both OR Stage IV, no prior therapy, and not amenable to conventional therapy with curative intent Metastatic disease allowed if predominant site and associated symptoms require local treatment in the head and neck region

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS: Age: 18 and over Performance status: ECOG 0-2 Life expectancy: Not specified Hematopoietic: WBC greater than 3,000/mm3 Absolute neutrophil count greater than 1,500/mm3 Platelet count greater than 100,000/mm3 Hepatic: Bilirubin no greater than 1.5 mg/dL Transaminases no greater than 2.5 times upper limit of normal Renal: Creatinine no greater than 2.0 mg/dL Other: Not pregnant or nursing Fertile patients must use effective contraception No significant infection No other severe medical illness

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY: Biologic therapy: Not specified Chemotherapy: Recovered from any prior chemotherapy Endocrine therapy: Not specified Radiotherapy: See Disease Characteristics Recovered from any prior radiotherapy Surgery: See Disease Characteristics Recovered from any prior surgery

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00004097

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United States, Illinois
Robert H. Lurie Comprehensive Cancer Center, Northwestern University
Chicago, Illinois, United States, 60611-3013
University of Chicago Cancer Research Center
Chicago, Illinois, United States, 60637-1470
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
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Study Chair: Athanassios Argiris, MD Robert H. Lurie Cancer Center

Layout table for additonal information Identifier: NCT00004097     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: NU C97N2
First Posted: March 31, 2004    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: September 20, 2013
Last Verified: October 2001

Keywords provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI):
stage III nasopharyngeal cancer
stage IV nasopharyngeal cancer
recurrent nasopharyngeal cancer
untreated metastatic squamous neck cancer with occult primary
recurrent metastatic squamous neck cancer with occult primary
stage III lip and oral cavity cancer
stage IV lip and oral cavity cancer
recurrent lip and oral cavity cancer
stage III hypopharyngeal cancer
stage IV hypopharyngeal cancer
recurrent hypopharyngeal cancer
stage III laryngeal cancer
stage IV laryngeal cancer
recurrent laryngeal cancer
stage III paranasal sinus and nasal cavity cancer
stage IV paranasal sinus and nasal cavity cancer
recurrent paranasal sinus and nasal cavity cancer
stage III oropharyngeal cancer
stage IV oropharyngeal cancer
recurrent oropharyngeal cancer

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Head and Neck Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Albumin-Bound Paclitaxel
Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic
Antineoplastic Agents
Tubulin Modulators
Antimitotic Agents
Mitosis Modulators
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Antiviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Enzyme Inhibitors
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs