Vaccine Therapy Plus QS21 in Treating Women With Breast Cancer Who Have No Evidence of Disease

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00003357
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : August 16, 2004
Last Update Posted : December 13, 2012
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by:
Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center

Brief Summary:

RATIONALE: Vaccines made from GM2-KLH and given with QS21 may make the body build an immune response to and kill tumor cells.

PURPOSE: Phase I trial to study the effectiveness of GM2-KLH vaccine plus QS21 in treating patients with breast cancer who have no evidence of disease.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Breast Cancer Biological: GM2-KLH vaccine Biological: QS21 Phase 1

Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVES: I. Determine whether immunization with GM2-KLH vaccine plus the immunological adjuvant QS21 induces an antibody response against GM2 and cells expressing GM2 in disease free patients at high risk for recurrence of breast cancer.

OUTLINE: GM2-KLH vaccine plus QS21 is administered subcutaneously to sites on the upper arm and upper leg at weekly intervals for 4 weeks. Two additional vaccines are administered at weeks 12 and 24. Patients are followed every 3 months after the sixth vaccination.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 9 patients will be accrued for this study within 1 year.

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 9 participants
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Vaccination of High Risk Breast Cancer Patients Lacking Identifiable Disease With GM2-KLH Conjugate Plus the Immunological Adjuvant QS21
Study Start Date : January 1998
Actual Primary Completion Date : November 2001
Actual Study Completion Date : November 2001

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Breast Cancer

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS: Eligible patients must have no evidence of disease in addition to 1 of the following features: Stage I, II, or III breast cancer and have received adjuvant chemotherapy and remain clinically free of identifiable disease, but have rising CA15.3 (BR2729) or CEA levels Stage III breast cancer and have completed adjuvant therapy no more than 24 months ago Recurrence in the ipsilateral axilla following a lumpectomy/axillary dissection or modified radical mastectomy Recurrence in the ipsilateral breast following a lumpectomy/axillary dissection Stage II breast cancer with at least 4 positive axillary lymph nodes at 24 months following completion of adjuvant therapy Patients with isolated elevation of the CEA level must have a colonoscopy to rule out colon carcinoma A colonoscopy within the past 5 years is acceptable if there is no strong family history of colon carcinoma, colonic polyps, or inflammatory bowel disease Hormone receptor status: Not specified

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS: Age: 18 and over Menopausal status: Premenopausal or postmenopausal Performance status: Karnofsky 90-100% Life expectancy: Not specified Hematopoietic: Lymphocyte count at least 500/mm3 WBC count at least 3,000/mm3 Hepatic: Aspartate aminotransferase no greater than 1.5 times upper limit of normal (ULN) Alkaline phosphatase no greater than 1.5 times ULN Renal: Creatinine no greater than 1.5 times ULN Cardiovascular: No New York Heart Association class III or IV cardiac disease Other: Not pregnant or nursing Negative pregnancy test Fertile patients must use effective contraception No other concurrent active cancers except basal cell or squamous cell carcinomas of the skin No history of a seafood allergy No known history of immunodeficiency or autoimmune disease

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY: Biologic therapy: At least 6 weeks since prior immunotherapy Chemotherapy: At least 4 weeks since prior chemotherapy Endocrine therapy: No concurrent steroids Radiotherapy: At least 4 weeks since prior radiotherapy Surgery: At least 4 weeks since prior surgery

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00003357

United States, New York
Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center
New York, New York, United States, 10021
Sponsors and Collaborators
Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Study Chair: Teresa Ann Gilewski, MD Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center Identifier: NCT00003357     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 97-123
First Posted: August 16, 2004    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: December 13, 2012
Last Verified: December 2012

Keywords provided by Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center:
stage I breast cancer
stage II breast cancer
stage III breast cancer

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Breast Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Breast Diseases
Skin Diseases
QS 21
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Adjuvants, Immunologic