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Epoetin Alfa in Treating Anemia in Patients With Lymphoma, Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia, or Multiple Myeloma and Anemia Caused By Chemotherapy

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00003341
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : April 25, 2003
Last Update Posted : July 3, 2013
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by:
Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center

Brief Summary:

RATIONALE: Drugs such as epoetin alfa may relieve anemia caused by chemotherapy. The best time for giving epoetin alfa during chemotherapy is not yet known.

PURPOSE: Randomized phase III trial to study the effectiveness of epoetin alfa in treating anemia in patients with lymphoma, chronic lymphocytic leukemia, or multiple myeloma who are receiving chemotherapy.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Anemia Leukemia Lymphoma Multiple Myeloma and Plasma Cell Neoplasm Biological: epoetin alfa Procedure: quality-of-life assessment Phase 3

Detailed Description:


  • Determine the hematologic response and transfusion requirements of patients with malignant lymphoma, chronic lymphocytic leukemia, or multiple myeloma with chemotherapy related moderate anemia treated with epoetin alfa.
  • Determine the effect of moderate anemia on quality of life of these patients treated with this regimen.
  • Correlate changes in quality of life with changes in anemia associated with treatment with epoetin alfa in these patients.
  • Determine the effect of changing quality of life on health care resource utilization among these patients treated with epoetin alfa.

OUTLINE: This is a randomized, open label, multicenter study.

Patients are evaluated for anemia during their prescribed chemotherapy regimens at either 3 or 4 week intervals beginning week 3 or 4. Patients with hemoglobin levels of 10.0-12.0 g/dL are randomized to 1 of 2 treatment arms. Patients with hemoglobin levels greater than 12.0 g/dL are not randomized until their hemoglobin levels decrease to 12.0 g/dL or below.

  • Arm I: Patients immediately receive epoetin alfa subcutaneously each week.
  • Arm II: Patients are observed for 6-8 weeks and then hemoglobin levels are reevaluated. Patients whose hemoglobin levels decrease below 9.0 g/dL receive epoetin alfa subcutaneously each week. Patients whose hemoglobin levels are at least 9.0 g/dL are observed for another 3-4 weeks and then hemoglobin levels are reevaluated.

Patients receive epoetin alfa treatment for up to 15 or 16 weeks.

Qualify of life questionnaires are completed every 3 or 4 weeks until week 30 or 32.

Patients are followed through week 36.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 275 patients (at least 130 per treatment arm) will be accrued for this study.

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 275 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Supportive Care
Official Title: The Effects of Procrit (Epoetin Alfa) on Hemoglobin Symptom Distress and Quality of Life During Chemotherapy in Lymphoma Patients With Mild to Moderate Anemia A Multicenter Trial
Study Start Date : December 1997
Primary Completion Date : September 2003
Study Completion Date : September 2003

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No


  • Histologically confirmed non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL), chronic lymphocytic leukemia, or multiple myeloma

    • Low grade, intermediate grade, or high grade (diffuse large cell immunoblastic only) NHL OR
  • Histologically confirmed Hodgkin's disease with prior chemotherapy
  • Evaluable lesion
  • Must be scheduled for at least 1 myelosuppressive cytotoxic regimen (experimental chemotherapy regimens allowed) for at least 4-6 months
  • No anemia predominantly due to factors other than cancer or chemotherapy (i.e.,iron or folate deficiencies, hemolysis, or gastrointestinal bleeding) NOTE: A new classification scheme for adult non-Hodgkin's lymphoma has been adopted by PDQ. The terminology of "indolent" or "aggressive" lymphoma will replace the former terminology of "low", "intermediate", or "high" grade lymphoma. However, this protocol uses the former terminology.



  • 18 and over

Performance status:

  • Karnofsky 70-100%

Life expectancy:

  • At least 6 months


  • Transferrin saturation at least 20%
  • Ferritin at least 50 ng/mL OR
  • Adequate iron stores in bone marrow
  • If transferrin saturation is less than 20% or ferritin is less than 50 ng/mL, investigator may utilize bone marrow evaluation results to determine whether iron stores are adequate
  • Hemoglobin at least 10.0 g/dL


  • Not specified


  • Not specified


  • No uncontrolled hypertension


  • HIV negative
  • No active, unresolved infection
  • No hypersensitivity to mammalian cell derived products
  • Must be able to read and understand English at a 6th grade level consistent with comprehending the quality of life questionnaires
  • No other malignancy within past 5 years, except basal cell skin cancer or carcinoma in situ of the cervix
  • Not pregnant or nursing
  • Negative pregnancy test
  • Fertile patients must use effective contraception


Biologic therapy:

  • No concurrent epoetin alfa independent of protocol
  • No concurrent interferons and interleukins (occasional short term use may be permitted on a case by case basis)
  • No prior peripheral blood stem cell transplantation


  • See Disease Characteristics
  • At least 2 weeks since prior chemotherapy

Endocrine therapy:

  • Not specified


  • No prior total lymphoid, extensive abdominal, or inverted Y radiotherapy


  • Not specified


  • At least 30 days since prior nonchemotherapy experimental agents

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00003341

United States, California
Alta Bates Comprehensive Cancer Center
Berkeley, California, United States, 94704
USC/Norris Comprehensive Cancer Center and Hospital
Los Angeles, California, United States, 90033-0804
Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center, UCLA
Los Angeles, California, United States, 90095-1781
Comprehensive Cancer Centers of the Desert
Palm Springs, California, United States, 92262
Division of Oncology
Palo Alto, California, United States, 94304
United States, District of Columbia
George Washington University Medical Center
Washington, District of Columbia, United States, 20037
United States, Florida
H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute
Tampa, Florida, United States, 33612-9497
United States, Illinois
Rush Cancer Institute
Chicago, Illinois, United States, 60612
University of Chicago Cancer Research Center
Chicago, Illinois, United States, 60637-1470
United States, Maryland
Marlene & Stewart Greenebaum Cancer Center, University of Maryland
Baltimore, Maryland, United States, 21201
United States, Massachusetts
Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center
Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02215
United States, New York
Roswell Park Cancer Institute
Buffalo, New York, United States, 14263-0001
Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center
New York, New York, United States, 10021
United States, North Carolina
Duke Comprehensive Cancer Center
Durham, North Carolina, United States, 27710
United States, Ohio
Cleveland Clinic Taussig Cancer Center
Cleveland, Ohio, United States, 44195
United States, Pennsylvania
Milton S. Hershey Medical Center
Hershey, Pennsylvania, United States, 17033-0850
United States, Tennessee
Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center
Nashville, Tennessee, United States, 37232-6838
United States, Texas
University of Texas - MD Anderson Cancer Center
Houston, Texas, United States, 77030-4009
Sponsors and Collaborators
Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Study Chair: David J. Straus, MD Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center

ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00003341     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 97-125
First Posted: April 25, 2003    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: July 3, 2013
Last Verified: July 2013

Keywords provided by Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center:
stage II adult Hodgkin lymphoma
stage III adult Hodgkin lymphoma
stage IV adult Hodgkin lymphoma
recurrent adult Hodgkin lymphoma
refractory multiple myeloma
Waldenström macroglobulinemia
stage II multiple myeloma
stage III multiple myeloma
stage II chronic lymphocytic leukemia
stage III chronic lymphocytic leukemia
stage IV chronic lymphocytic leukemia
refractory chronic lymphocytic leukemia
stage III grade 1 follicular lymphoma
stage III grade 2 follicular lymphoma
stage III grade 3 follicular lymphoma
stage III adult diffuse small cleaved cell lymphoma
stage III adult diffuse mixed cell lymphoma
stage III adult diffuse large cell lymphoma
stage III adult immunoblastic large cell lymphoma
stage IV grade 1 follicular lymphoma
stage IV grade 2 follicular lymphoma
stage IV grade 3 follicular lymphoma
stage IV adult diffuse small cleaved cell lymphoma
stage IV adult diffuse mixed cell lymphoma
stage IV adult diffuse large cell lymphoma
stage IV adult immunoblastic large cell lymphoma
recurrent grade 1 follicular lymphoma
recurrent grade 2 follicular lymphoma
recurrent grade 3 follicular lymphoma
recurrent adult diffuse small cleaved cell lymphoma

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Multiple Myeloma
Neoplasms, Plasma Cell
Leukemia, Lymphoid
Leukemia, Lymphocytic, Chronic, B-Cell
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Lymphoproliferative Disorders
Lymphatic Diseases
Immunoproliferative Disorders
Immune System Diseases
Hemostatic Disorders
Vascular Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Blood Protein Disorders
Hematologic Diseases
Hemorrhagic Disorders
Leukemia, B-Cell
Epoetin Alfa