High-Dose Chemotherapy and Autologous Blood Cell Transplantation in Treating Patients With Primary, Locally Advanced, or Stage IV Breast Cancer

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00003068
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : August 2, 2004
Last Update Posted : January 31, 2013
Information provided by:
National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Brief Summary:

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Combining chemotherapy with peripheral stem cell transplantation may allow the doctor to give higher doses of chemotherapy and kill more tumor cells.

PURPOSE: Phase II trial to study the effectiveness of high-dose mitoxantrone, thiotepa, and cyclophosphamide plus autologous peripheral stem cell transplantation and amifostine in treating patients with primary, locally advanced, or stage IV breast cancer.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Breast Cancer Drug/Agent Toxicity by Tissue/Organ Drug: amifostine trihydrate Drug: cyclophosphamide Drug: mitoxantrone hydrochloride Drug: thiotepa Procedure: peripheral blood stem cell transplantation Phase 2

Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVES: I. Determine the maximum tolerated doses of mitoxantrone and cyclophosphamide when administered in combination with thiotepa, autologous blood cells, and amifostine in patients with primary, locally advanced, or metastatic breast cancer, and determine whether amifostine, a cytoprotection agent, allows administration of high dose chemotherapy. II. Determine the dose limiting toxicities of this regimen when administered to patients with primary, locally advanced, or metastatic breast cancer. III. Evaluate the toxicities of amifostine, a cytoprotection agent, when administered in multiple doses to breast cancer patients receiving high dose chemotherapy and autologous blood cell transplantation. IV. Document the antitumor efficacy of this regimen versus freedom from recurrence and overall survival after autologous blood cell transplantation. V. Assess the contribution of disease, treatment, and personal characteristics affecting the quality of life in these patients and the patient's primary caregiver.

OUTLINE: This is a dose escalation study. Autologous blood cells are collected after completion of neoadjuvant/induction chemotherapy (and salvage mastectomy, if indicated). Patients receive IV amifostine, mitoxantrone, and thiotepa on day -7. On day -6, patients receive IV amifostine, thiotepa, and cyclophosphamide treatment. On days -5, -4, and -3, IV amifostine and cyclophosphamide are administered to participants. Following high dose chemotherapy treatment, patients rest on days -2 and -1. On day 0, patients undergo autologous blood cell transplantation. Cohorts of 3 patients each receive escalating doses of mitoxantrone and cyclophosphamide. If 1 of 3 patients at a given dose level experiences dose limiting toxicity (DLT), an additional 3 patients are treated at that dose. If at least 3 of 6 patients experience DLT at a given dose level, then the maximum tolerated dose is the previous dose level. Patients are followed at day 100, then every 6 months for 2 years, then annually until death.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 30 patients will be accrued.

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 30 participants
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: An Out Patient Dose Escalation Trial of High Dose Mitoxantrone, Thiotepa and Cyclophosphamide Plus Autologous Blood Cell Rescue and Amifostine Cytoprotection
Study Start Date : June 1997
Actual Study Completion Date : November 2002

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Breast Cancer

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   16 Years to 70 Years   (Child, Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS: Histologically proven primary, locally advanced (at least 10 axillary lymph node metastases or T4 or N2, M0 disease), or stage IV breast cancer Patients with at least 10 axillary node metastases and no distant metastases receive adjuvant chemotherapy with a doxorubicin containing regimen Patients with T4 or N2, M0 disease and no prior chemotherapy receive neoadjuvant or induction chemotherapy prior to salvage mastectomy (patients must show partial remission based on tumor palpation) Patients with stage IV breast cancer receive induction chemotherapy with doxorubicin (unless relapsed less than 1 year following therapy or metastatic disease progression observed or greater than 300 mg/m2 previously taken, then may receive induction chemotherapy with paclitaxel regimen) Stage IV cancer patients must have at least a partial remission following induction chemotherapy Stage IV cancer patients should have minimal metastatic disease (chest wall recurrence or bone only); patients with more extensive and/or visceral metastases must have near complete remission following induction chemotherapy

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS: Age: 16 to 70 Performance Status: SWOG 0-1 Karnofsky 80-100% Life Expectancy: At least 2 months Hematopoietic: Absolute neutrophil count at least 1,500/mm3 Platelet count at least 100,000/mm3 Hepatic: Bilirubin less than 2.0 times upper limit of normal (ULN) (unless tumor related) SGOT and SGPT less than 2.0 times ULN (unless tumor related) Alkaline phosphatase less than 2.0 times ULN (unless tumor related) Renal: Creatinine within institutional normal limits Cardiovascular: Cardiac ventricular ejection fraction (MUGA) or echocardiogram within normal limits prior to high dose chemotherapy No uncontrolled or severe cardiovascular disease No myocardial infarction within 6 months No congestive heart failure No symptomatic angina No life threatening arrhythmias No hypertension Pulmonary: Pulmonary function tests greater than 75% predicted normal Room air arterial blood gases within normal limits Other: Not HIV positive Not hepatitis B surface antigen positive Not hepatitis C antibody positive No serious organ dysfunction (unless caused by breast cancer) No active bacterial, viral, or fungal infections No active peptic ulcers No uncontrolled diabetes Not pregnant Effective contraceptive method must be used during study Negative pregnancy test

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY: See Disease Characteristics

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00003068

United States, Arizona
Arizona Cancer Center
Tucson, Arizona, United States, 85724
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Arizona
Study Chair: Charles W. Taylor, MD University of Arizona Identifier: NCT00003068     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CDR0000065742
First Posted: August 2, 2004    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: January 31, 2013
Last Verified: May 2006

Keywords provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI):
stage IV breast cancer
stage IIIA breast cancer
recurrent breast cancer
stage IIIB breast cancer
drug/agent toxicity by tissue/organ

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Breast Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Breast Diseases
Skin Diseases
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antirheumatic Agents
Antineoplastic Agents, Alkylating
Alkylating Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antineoplastic Agents
Myeloablative Agonists
Sensory System Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Topoisomerase II Inhibitors
Topoisomerase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Radiation-Protective Agents
Protective Agents