Combination Chemotherapy Following Surgery in Treating Women With Early Stage Breast Cancer

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00003012
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : April 6, 2004
Last Update Posted : November 6, 2013
Information provided by:
National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Brief Summary:

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. It is not yet known which combination chemotherapy regimen is more effective following surgery for breast cancer.

PURPOSE: Randomized phase III trial to study the effectiveness of combination chemotherapy consisting of cyclophosphamide, methotrexate, and fluorouracil with or without epirubicin in treating women who have early stage breast cancer.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Breast Cancer Drug: CMF regimen Drug: cyclophosphamide Drug: epirubicin hydrochloride Drug: fluorouracil Drug: methotrexate Phase 3

Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVES: I. Compare the effects of 4 courses of epirubicin followed by 4 courses of cyclophosphamide/methotrexate/fluorouracil (CMF) versus 8 courses of CMF as adjuvant chemotherapy in women with node positive early breast cancer, as measured by overall and event free survival from the date or randomization. II. Compare the effects of 4 courses of epirubicin followed by 4 courses of CMF with 8 courses of CMF as adjuvant chemotherapy in these patients, as measured by acute and chronic toxicities. III. Compare the effects of 4 courses of epirubicin followed by 4 courses of CMF versus 8 courses of CMF as adjuvant chemotherapy in these patients, as measured by quality of life.

OUTLINE: This is a randomized, multicenter study. Patients are randomized into 2 treatment arms within 4 weeks of surgery. Treatment begins within 6 weeks of surgery. One treatment arm receives 8 courses of cyclophosphamide/methotrexate/fluorouracil (CMF) given intravenously (IV) every 3 weeks. The other arm receives 4 courses of epirubicin followed by 4 courses of CMF given IV every 3 weeks. Patients are followed annually for 10 years.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 1,000 patients will be accrued over 3 years.

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 1000 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Prospective Randomized Comparison of CMF Versus Sequential Epirubicin Followed by SMF as Adjuvant Chemotherapy for Women With Early Breast Cancer
Study Start Date : October 1996

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Breast Cancer

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

Ages Eligible for Study:   Child, Adult, Older Adult
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS: Histologically confirmed, early stage, unilateral invasive breast cancer of TNM stages T0 - T3, N0-1, M0, i.e., Histologically proven axillary node metastases OR Lymph node negative Not locally advanced If supraclavicular node is enlarged or suspicious of metastasis, negative biopsy for supraclavicular node metastases required No evidence of any other metastases clinically or on routine staging investigations No past history of pure in situ carcinoma in either breast Primary tumor is completely excised

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS: Age: Not specified Sex: Female Performance status: Not specified Hematopoietic: Neutrophil count greater than 2,000/mm3 Platelet count greater than 100,000/mm3 No evidence of sepsis Hepatic: Adequate hepatic function Bilirubin normal AST/ALT normal Renal: Adequate renal function Creatinine less than 1.2 mg/dL Cardiovascular: No clinically significant cardiovascular disease Other: No prior or concurrent other malignancy except adequately treated basal or squamous cell carcinoma of the skin or in situ carcinoma of the cervix Not pregnant or nursing Fertile patients must use effective contraception

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY: Biologic therapy: Not specified Chemotherapy: No prior chemotherapy Endocrine therapy: Prior tamoxifen allowed Radiotherapy: No prior radiotherapy Surgery: See Disease Characteristics

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00003012

United Kingdom
University Hospitals of Leicester
Leicester, England, United Kingdom, LE1 5WW
Aberdeen Royal Infirmary
Aberdeen, Scotland, United Kingdom, AB25 2ZN
Ninewells Hospital and Medical School
Dundee, Scotland, United Kingdom, DD1 9SY
Western General Hospital
Edinburgh, Scotland, United Kingdom, EH4 9NQ
Beatson Oncology Centre
Glasgow, Scotland, United Kingdom, G11 6NT
University of Glasgow
Glasgow, Scotland, United Kingdom, G61 1BD
Raigmore Hospital
Inverness, Scotland, United Kingdom, 1V2 3UJ
Royal Alexandra Hospital
Paisley, Scotland, United Kingdom
Ayr Hospital
Ayr, United Kingdom, KA6 6DX
Falkirk Royal Infirmary
Falkirk, United Kingdom, FK1 5RE
Sponsors and Collaborators
Scottish Cancer Therapy Network
Study Chair: Chris Twelves, MD, BMedSci, FRCP University of Glasgow

Publications of Results:
Other Publications:
Earl H, Hiller L, Dunn JA, et al.: The National Epirubicin Adjuvant Trial (NEAT) and Scottish Cancer Trials Breast Group (SCTBG) br9601 randomized phase III adjuvant early breast cancer trials: the updated definitive joint analysis. [Abstract] J Clin Oncol 25 (Suppl 18): A-534, 11s, 2007.
Poole CJ, Earl HM, Dunn JA, et al.: NEAT (National Epirubicin Adjuvant Trial) and SCTBG BR9601 (Scottish Cancer Trials Breast Group) phase III adjuvant breast trials show a significant relapse-free and overall survival advantage for sequential ECMF. [Abstract] Proceedings of the American Society of Clinical Oncology 22: A-13, 4, 2003.

Publications automatically indexed to this study by Identifier (NCT Number): Identifier: NCT00003012     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CDR0000065590
First Posted: April 6, 2004    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: November 6, 2013
Last Verified: November 2008

Keywords provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI):
stage II breast cancer
stage IIIA breast cancer

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Breast Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Breast Diseases
Skin Diseases
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antirheumatic Agents
Antineoplastic Agents, Alkylating
Alkylating Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antineoplastic Agents
Myeloablative Agonists
Abortifacient Agents, Nonsteroidal
Abortifacient Agents
Reproductive Control Agents
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Dermatologic Agents
Enzyme Inhibitors
Folic Acid Antagonists
Nucleic Acid Synthesis Inhibitors
Antibiotics, Antineoplastic
Topoisomerase II Inhibitors
Topoisomerase Inhibitors