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Combination Chemotherapy Plus Radiation Therapy in Treating Patients With Advanced or Metastatic Cancer of the Esophagus

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00002984
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : July 30, 2004
Last Update Posted : May 24, 2012
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
UNC Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center

Brief Summary:

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Radiation therapy uses high-energy x-rays to damage tumor cells. Combining more than on drug and combining chemotherapy with radiation therapy may kill more tumor cells.

PURPOSE: Phase I/II trial to study the effectiveness of combination chemotherapy plus radiation therapy in treating patients with advanced or metastatic cancer of the esophagus.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Esophageal Cancer Drug: cisplatin Drug: fluorouracil Drug: paclitaxel Procedure: surgical procedure Radiation: radiation therapy Phase 1 Phase 2

Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVES: I. Define the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of paclitaxel (TAX) when given as a 3 hour infusion in combination with cisplatin (CDDP), fluorouracil (5-FU), and radiation therapy. II. Define the toxicity profile of TAX when given as a 3 hour infusion in combination with CDDP, 5-FU, and radiation therapy. III. Evaluate the effectiveness of a TAX containing chemotherapy regimen and concurrent radiotherapy followed by resection in the treatment of locally advanced esophageal cancer as judged by the complete response rate, pathological complete response rate, time to recurrence, and overall survival.

OUTLINE: Patients receive radiation to the tumor and nodal area 5 days a week for 5 weeks. Patients receive chemotherapy consisting of cisplatin (CDDP) via rapid intravenous infusion on day 1 followed by fluorouracil (5-FU) via 96-hour continuous infusion (CI) on days 1 through 4; this is repeated on the last 4 days of radiation therapy (days 29-31), with an additional dose of CDDP on day 29 and a 96-hour CI of 5-FU on days 29-31. Patients also receive paclitaxel (TAX) as a weekly 3 hour infusion on days 1, 8, 15, and 29, with 3 patients treated at each dose level and subsequent patients treated according to the toxicity observed in previous cohorts. TAX will be given prior to the CDDP and 5-FU on the weeks when it is given concurrently. The MTD of TAX is defined as the dose at which no more than 1 of 6 patients experiences dose-limiting toxicity. Surgical resection takes place 2-8 weeks following completion of chemoradiotherapy in all patients except those with disease progression and those who are surgically unresectable or medically unfit (includes those with metastatic disease) to tolerate surgery. An additional course of TAX/CDDP/5-FU is given 28-35 days after surgery.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: Three patients will be entered into the lowest dose level of TAX, and 3-6 patients entered into up to three additional dose levels of TAX for the phase I study. An additional group of up to 11 patients will be accrued for the first stage of the modified phase II study and 38 to the second stage, if warranted. The study will be completed within 3-4 years.

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 26 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Paclitaxel Combined With 5-FU and Cisplatin Concomitant With Radiotherapy in the Management of Locally Advanced or Metastatic Esophageal Cancer (Adenocarcinoma and Squamous Histologies) - A Phase I/Modified Phase II Trial
Study Start Date : March 1997
Primary Completion Date : May 2006
Study Completion Date : January 2007

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

U.S. FDA Resources

Intervention Details:
    Drug: cisplatin
    Cisplatin will be given at a dose of 100 mg/m2 at a concentration of 1 mg/ml over one hour on Day 1 and 29 for a total of 2 courses
    Drug: fluorouracil
    5-FU will be given at 500 mg/m2 in 1 liter D5 1/2 by continuous infusion every 12 hours for a total of 8 doses (Total 1.0 g/m2/day X 4 days) on Days 1-4 and 29-32 for a total of 2 courses
    Other Name: 5-FU
    Drug: paclitaxel
    30 mg/m2 - 45 mg/m2 given weekly. The dose each subject receives will depend on when they enter the study
    Procedure: surgical procedure
    Surgical resection should take place approximately 4 weeks following completion of the chemotherapy.
    Radiation: radiation therapy
    The dose of radiation to the tumor and nodal area will be 4500 cGy given as 180 cGy fractions daily, Monday through Friday, for 5 weeks

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Maximum Tolerated Dose [ Time Frame: 8 weeks ]
    Define the maximum tolerated dose of paclitaxel when given as a 3-hour infusion in combination with cisplatin, 5-FU, and radiation therapy. The MTD will be defined as the dose level immediately below that which caused dose limiting toxicity (DLT) in a third or more of the patients in any cohort.

  2. Number of subjects experiencing adverse events [ Time Frame: 8 weeks ]
    Adverse drug events will be graded using the Common Toxicity Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE), graded 1-5 with 5 being death.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Efficacy of treatment [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
    Evaluate the effectiveness of a paclitaxel-containing chemotherapy regimen and concomitant radiotherapy followed by resection in the treatment of locally advanced esophageal cancer as judged by the complete response rate, pathological complete response rate, time to recurrence, distant failure rate, and overall survival as determined by radiographic evlauation

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS: Histologically confirmed, newly diagnosed locally advanced adenocarcinoma or squamous cell carcinoma of the esophagus Evidence of disease extension into or through the wall of the esophagus (T2- T4) and/or regional nodal metastases (N1) Patients with distant metastatic disease or who cannot undergo resection may also be treated on the phase I portion of this trial but are not eligible for the modified phase II portion Patients entered in the modified phase II portion of the trial must have evaluable (measurable in one dimension) or measurable disease at the primary site

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS: Age: 18 or over Performance status: ECOG 0-2 Life expectancy: Greater than 2 months for those with metastatic disease or 2 years for those with locally advanced disease Hematopoietic: WBC at least 4,000/mm3 Platelet count at least 100,000/mm3 Hemoglobin at least 9.0 g/dL Hepatic: Bilirubin no greater than 2.0 mg/dl Renal: Creatinine clearance at least 60 mL/min Serum creatinine no greater than 1.5 mg/dL Cardiovascular: No history of refractory congestive heart failure or cardiomyopathy Other: Not pregnant No other malignancy within 5 years except: Curatively treated carcinoma in situ of the cervix Basal cell carcinoma of the skin

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY: Biologic therapy: Not specified Chemotherapy: No prior chemotherapy Endocrine therapy: Not specified Radiotherapy: No prior radiotherapy Surgery: More than 1 week since major surgery

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00002984

United States, North Carolina
Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center, UNC
Chapel Hill, North Carolina, United States, 27599-7295
Sponsors and Collaborators
UNC Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Study Chair: Stephen A. Bernard, MD UNC Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center

Responsible Party: UNC Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00002984     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: LCCC 9622
First Posted: July 30, 2004    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: May 24, 2012
Last Verified: May 2012

Keywords provided by UNC Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center:
stage II esophageal cancer
stage III esophageal cancer
stage IV esophageal cancer
squamous cell carcinoma of the esophagus
adenocarcinoma of the esophagus

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Esophageal Neoplasms
Gastrointestinal Neoplasms
Digestive System Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Head and Neck Neoplasms
Digestive System Diseases
Esophageal Diseases
Gastrointestinal Diseases
Albumin-Bound Paclitaxel
Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic
Antineoplastic Agents
Tubulin Modulators
Antimitotic Agents
Mitosis Modulators
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs