Bone Marrow or Peripheral Stem Cell Transplantation in Treating Patients With Breast Cancer

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00002942
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : September 3, 2004
Last Update Posted : August 10, 2018
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Wake Forest University Health Sciences

Brief Summary:

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Combining chemotherapy with autologous bone marrow transplantation or peripheral stem cell transplantation may allow the doctor to give higher doses of chemotherapy drugs and kill more tumor cells.

PURPOSE: Randomized phase III trial to compare bone marrow transplantation with peripheral stem cell transplantation following carboplatin in treating patients with breast cancer.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Breast Cancer Procedure: autologous bone marrow transplantation Procedure: peripheral blood stem cell transplantation Phase 3

Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVES: I. Compare engraftment rates using G-CSF primed autologous bone marrow vs PBCP as hematopoietic support following high dose CTCb for patients with poor prognosis breast cancer. II. Compare the complications of these two methods of hematopoietic progenitor cell collections. III. Compare Stage IV patients with bone or bone marrow involvement (assigned to PBPC collections) with Stage IV patients randomized to PBPC collections relative to the number of leukaphereses needed to collect the required number of progenitor cells as well as assess engraftment rates between these two groups. IV. Assess the response to high dose CTCb in this group of patients.

OUTLINE: All patients will receive G-CSF priming therapy for 5 consecutive days. Patients will then be randomized into two treatment arms: Arm 1 consists of autologous PBPC collection Arm 2 consists of autologous bone marrow collection Within 2 weeks after progenitor cell collection, all patients will receive high dose CTCb therapy by continuous infusion for 5 days, followed by autologous hematopoietic progenitor cell infusion at least three days later. G-CSF will also be given after infusion until ANC count is over 5,000 or over 1,000 for 3 consecutive days.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: 66 patients will be accrued at a rate of 24 per year.

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 136 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Randomized Phase III Trial of G-CSF Primed Autologous Bone Marrow Versus Peripheral Blood Progenitor Cells (PBPC) as Hematopoietic Support for High-Dose Cyclophosphamide, Thiotepa, and Carboplatin (CTCb) Therapy in Poor Prognosis Breast Cancer
Study Start Date : June 1996
Actual Primary Completion Date : January 2000
Actual Study Completion Date : December 2003

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Breast Cancer

Arm Intervention/treatment
Active Comparator: Peripheral Blood Progenitor Cells Procedure: peripheral blood stem cell transplantation
Experimental: Autologous Bone Marrow Collection Procedure: autologous bone marrow transplantation

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 60 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS: Histologically confirmed Stage IIIB and IV adenocarcinoma of the breast Stage II-IIIA adenocarcinoma of the breast with poor risk features (including poorly differentiated histology, high mitotic rate, hormone receptor negative, high S phase) with at least three involved axillary lymph nodes, estimated five year relapse free survival rate less than 50%, and does not qualify for higher priority protocol treatments No central nervous system involvement

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS: Age: 18 to 60 Performance status: Karnofsky 80-100% Life expectancy: Greater than 2 months Hematopoietic: Platelet count greater than 75,000/mm3 Neutrophils greater than 1500/mm3 Hepatic: Serum bilirubin, alkaline phosphatase, and SGOT or SGPT less than 3 times upper limit of normal, unless due to disease Renal: Serum creatinine less than 1.5 times upper limit of normal Creatinine clearance at least 60 mL.min Cardiovascular: Ventricular ejection fraction at least 45% No uncontrolled or severe cardiovascular disease, including recent myocardial infarction, congestive heart failure, angina, life threatening arrhythmia, or hypertension Pulmonary: DLCO and spirometry at least 50% of predicted Other: Not HIV positive Not HBsAG positive Not pregnant Must have functioning central venous catheter No active infection No uncontrolled diabetes mellitus No other prior malignancy except for adequately treated basal cell or squamous cell skin cancer, in situ cervical cancer, adequately treated Stage I or II cancer from which the patient is currently in complete remission, or any other cancer from which the patient has been disease free for at least 5 years

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY: Biologic therapy: No prior hematopoietic progenitor cell support Chemotherapy: No prior dose intensive therapy Endocrine therapy: Not specified Radiotherapy: Not specified Surgery: Not specified

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00002942

United States, North Carolina
Comprehensive Cancer Center of Wake Forest University Baptist Medical Center
Winston-Salem, North Carolina, United States, 27157-1082
Sponsors and Collaborators
Wake Forest University Health Sciences
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Study Chair: David D. Hurd, MD Wake Forest University Health Sciences

Publications of Results:
Acostamadiedo J, Case D, Perry J, et al.: Randomized trial of G-CSF primed (G') autologous bone marrow (ABM) vs. G' peripheral blood stem cells (PBSC) as hematopoietic support after high-dose cyclophosphamide (C) thiotepa (T), and carboplatin (CB) (CTCB) in poor prognosis breast cancer. [Abstract] Proceedings of the American Society of Clinical Oncology 19: A215, 56a, 2000.

Responsible Party: Wake Forest University Health Sciences Identifier: NCT00002942     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CDR0000065391
First Posted: September 3, 2004    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: August 10, 2018
Last Verified: August 2018

Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No

Keywords provided by Wake Forest University Health Sciences:
stage II breast cancer
stage IV breast cancer
stage IIIA breast cancer
stage IIIB breast cancer

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Breast Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Breast Diseases
Skin Diseases