PET Scan in Patients With Lung and Esophageal Cancers That May Be Removed by Surgery

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00002930
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : March 12, 2004
Last Update Posted : January 18, 2013
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by:
Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center

Brief Summary:

RATIONALE: Imaging procedures, such as fludeoxyglucose F 18 positron emission tomography (PET) scans, may improve the ability to detect lung and esophageal cancer or their recurrence.

PURPOSE: Phase II/III trial to study the effectiveness of fludeoxyglucose F 18 PET scans in measuring response to induction chemotherapy in patients with esophageal and lung cancer that may be removed by surgery.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Esophageal Cancer Lung Cancer Procedure: positron emission tomography Radiation: fludeoxyglucose F 18 Phase 2 Phase 3

Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVES: I. Determine whether whole body fludeoxyglucose F 18 (F-18 2-fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose; FDG) positron emission tomography (PET) can quantitate the response to induction (preoperative) chemotherapy in patients with esophageal or non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) by correlating changes in PET scan images with surgical staging, frequency of complete resection, disease-free survival, and overall survival. II. Correlate PET scan results with the multiple conventional complementary imaging modalities of thoracic and/or abdominal CT, bone scans, and cranial MRI. III. Evaluate the use of PET scanning to uncover disease sites undetected by current imaging modalities.

OUTLINE: This is a nonrandomized study. The choice of chemotherapeutic regimen is at the discretion of the medical oncologist. If the tumor is resectable after treatment with chemotherapy, the patients undergoes the appropriate resection as defined by the thoracic surgeon. All patients have positron emission tomography (PET) scans done within 2 weeks before the first dose of chemotherapy and again about 2-3 weeks after the third or fourth dose of chemotherapy. Patients are asked to not eat or drink 6 hours before coming into the hospital for the PET scan. They are administered an injection of a solution of fluorodeoxyglucose F 18 (FDG) and then undergo a PET scan.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: An estimated 75 patients (50 lung cancer and 25 esophageal cancer patients) will be accrued into this protocol over 24-30 months.

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 75 participants
Primary Purpose: Diagnostic
Official Title: Whole-Body 18F-Fluorodeoxyglucose Positron Emission Tomography to Measure the Response to Induction Chemotherapy of Potentially Resectable Lung and Esophageal Carcinomas
Study Start Date : December 1996
Actual Primary Completion Date : October 2002

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS: Histologically confirmed esophageal or non-small cell lung carcinoma Esophageal cancer: Biopsy proven esophageal carcinoma considered acceptable for curative esophageal resection Lung cancer: Stages IA-IIIB, T(any)N(any)M0 disease without pleural effusion, which constitutes locally advanced lung cancer Must be candidates for induction chemotherapy followed by surgical resection

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS: Age: 18 and over Performance status: Karnofsky 70-100% Life expectancy: Not specified Hematopoietic: WBC at least 4,000/mm3 Platelet count at least 160,000/mm3 Hepatic: Bilirubin no greater than 1.0 mg/dL Renal: Creatinine no greater than 1.5 mg/dL Creatinine clearance greater than 65 mL/min Other: Not pregnant Adequate contraception required of all fertile female patients

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY: Biologic therapy: Not specified Chemotherapy: See Disease Characteristics Endocrine therapy: Not specified Radiotherapy: Not specified Surgery: No prior surgical mediastinal staging such as prior mediastinoscopy or Chamberlain procedures See Disease Characteristics

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To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00002930

United States, New York
Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center
New York, New York, United States, 10021
Sponsors and Collaborators
Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Study Chair: Robert J. Downey, MD Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center Identifier: NCT00002930     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 96-079
P30CA008748 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: March 12, 2004    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: January 18, 2013
Last Verified: January 2013

Keywords provided by Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center:
stage I non-small cell lung cancer
stage II non-small cell lung cancer
stage I esophageal cancer
stage II esophageal cancer
stage III esophageal cancer
stage IIIA non-small cell lung cancer
stage IIIB non-small cell lung cancer

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Lung Neoplasms
Esophageal Neoplasms
Respiratory Tract Neoplasms
Thoracic Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Lung Diseases
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Gastrointestinal Neoplasms
Digestive System Neoplasms
Head and Neck Neoplasms
Digestive System Diseases
Esophageal Diseases
Gastrointestinal Diseases
Fluorodeoxyglucose F18
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action