Vaccine Therapy in Treating Patients With Metastatic Melanoma

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00002817
Recruitment Status : Unknown
Verified May 2002 by National Cancer Institute (NCI).
Recruitment status was:  Active, not recruiting
First Posted : January 22, 2004
Last Update Posted : January 10, 2014
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by:
National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Brief Summary:

RATIONALE: Vaccines may make the body build an immune response to kill melanoma cells.

PURPOSE: Phase I/II trial to study the effectiveness of vaccine therapy in treating patients with metastatic melanoma.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Melanoma (Skin) Biological: sargramostim Biological: vaccinia-GM-CSF vaccine Phase 1 Phase 2

Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVES: I. Determine the toxicity of intralesional immunotherapy with a recombinant vaccinia virus encoding the gene for sargramostim (GM-CSF) in patients with metastatic melanoma. II. Determine the efficiency of viral infection and GM-CSF gene insertion and function in these patients. III. Determine the capacity of this regimen to generate antiviral and antitumor immunity in these patients. IV. Determine the frequency of regression of injected and uninjected lesions in these patients.

OUTLINE: This is a dose-escalation study of intralesional recombinant vaccinia virus encoding the gene for sargramostim (GM-CSF) (rV-GM-CSF). Patients are stratified by center. Patients receive small pox (vaccinia) vaccine via multipuncture technique on day 0. On day 4, patients with a progressive major reaction to the initial vaccination receive rV-GM-CSF intralesionally twice weekly for 5 weeks. Only 1 lesion is treated and at least 1 measurable lesion is left untreated in each patient. Patients with responding disease after week 5 are retreated at a clinically appropriate dose and schedule. Cohorts of 5 patients receive escalating doses of intralesional rV-GM-CSF until the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) is determined. Additional patients receive rV-GM-CSF at the MTD.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: Approximately 30 patients (15 for each phase) will be accrued for this study.

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 30 participants
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Study Start Date : April 1996

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Melanoma

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS: Histologically proven melanoma that is considered surgically incurable Dermal, subcutaneous, or lymph node metastases required At least 3 lesions evaluable and accessible for injection and biopsy One lesion at least 10 mm in diameter No leukemia or lymphoma

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS: Age: 18 and over Performance status: ECOG 0-1 Life expectancy: At least 6 months Hematopoietic: Not specified Hepatic: Bilirubin no greater than 3 times upper limit of normal (ULN) SGOT no greater than 3 times ULN Alkaline phosphatase no greater than 3 times ULN Renal: Creatinine no greater than 3 times ULN Immunologic: Clinical evidence of immune response required within 4 days of smallpox vaccination At least 1 positive cutaneous delayed-type hypersensitivity response to 1 of the following: Microbial recall antigens Dinitrofluorobenzene after sensitization Purified protein derivative of tuberculin following BCG vaccination No altered immunocompetence (e.g., immune deficiency disease or immunosuppressive therapy) in patient or household contacts No allergy to any of the following: Polymyxin B sulfate Streptomycin sulfate Chlortetracycline hydrochloride Neomycin sulfate No history of eczema or other exfoliative skin conditions in patient or household contacts HIV negative Other: No other malignancy within the past 3 years except superficial squamous cell or basal cell skin cancer or carcinoma in situ of the cervix or prostate Not pregnant or nursing Negative pregnancy test Fertile patients must use effective contraception

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY: Biologic therapy: Not specified Chemotherapy: At least 8 weeks since prior chemotherapy No concurrent chemotherapy Endocrine therapy: No concurrent or imminent steroid therapy Radiotherapy: At least 8 weeks since prior radiotherapy No concurrent radiotherapy Surgery: See Disease Characteristics At least 4 weeks since prior surgery

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00002817

United States, Pennsylvania
Kimmel Cancer Center of Thomas Jefferson University - Philadelphia
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States, 19107-5541
Sponsors and Collaborators
Sidney Kimmel Cancer Center at Thomas Jefferson University
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Study Chair: Michael J. Mastrangelo, MD Sidney Kimmel Cancer Center at Thomas Jefferson University Identifier: NCT00002817     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CDR0000064975
First Posted: January 22, 2004    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: January 10, 2014
Last Verified: May 2002

Keywords provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI):
stage III melanoma
stage IV melanoma
recurrent melanoma

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Neuroendocrine Tumors
Neuroectodermal Tumors
Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms, Nerve Tissue
Nevi and Melanomas
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs