Bone Marrow or Peripheral Stem Cell Transplantation in Treating Patients With Chronic Myeloid Leukemia

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00002789
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : March 19, 2004
Last Update Posted : March 30, 2010
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by:
Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center

Brief Summary:

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop cancer cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Peripheral stem cell or bone marrow transplantation may be able to replace immune cells that were destroyed by chemotherapy used to kill tumor cells. Sometimes the transplanted cells can make an immune response against the body's normal tissues. Stem cells that have been treated in the laboratory with filgrastim may prevent this from happening. Combining chemotherapy with bone marrow or peripheral stem cell transplantation may allow the doctor to give higher doses of chemotherapy drugs and kill more cancer cells. It is not yet known which treatment is more effective for chronic myeloid leukemia.

PURPOSE: Randomized phase III trial to compare the effectiveness of donor peripheral stem cell transplantation with donor bone marrow transplantation in treating patients with chronic myeloid leukemia.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Leukemia Drug: busulfan Drug: cyclophosphamide Drug: cyclosporine Drug: methotrexate Procedure: allogeneic bone marrow transplantation Procedure: peripheral blood stem cell transplantation Phase 3

Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVES: I. Compare the incidence of persistent cytogenetic or hematologic relapse in patients with chronic myeloid leukemia in chronic or accelerated phase treated with transplantation using filgrastim (G-CSF)-mobilized peripheral blood stem cells vs bone marrow from HLA-identical, related donors. II. Compare survival and nonrelapse mortality in patients treated with these regimens. III. Compare incidence and severity of acute and chronic graft versus host disease in patients treated with these regimens. IV. Compare hospitalization and treatment associated expenses for patients treated with these regimens.

OUTLINE: This is a randomized, multicenter study. Patients are stratified according to age (15-39 vs 40-65), interval from diagnosis to transplantation (under 2 years vs 2 years or more, and permutations of patient and donor gender. Patients are randomized to one of two treatment arms. Arm I: Patients receive a preparative regimen comprising busulfan orally or IV 4 times daily on days -7 to -4 and cyclophosphamide IV on days -3 and -2. Allogeneic filgrastim (G-CSF)-mobilized peripheral blood stem cells are infused on day 0. Arm II: Busulfan and cyclophosphamide are administered as in arm I. Allogeneic bone marrow is infused on day 0. Patients receive graft-versus-host disease prophylaxis comprising methotrexate IV on days 1, 3, 6, and 11 and cyclosporine IV over 1-4 hours or orally every 12 hours on days -1 to 80 and then tapered. Patients are followed every 6 months for 2 years and then annually thereafter.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 100 patients will be accrued for this study within 3 years.

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 100 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Study Start Date : May 1996
Actual Primary Completion Date : September 2001
Actual Study Completion Date : September 2001

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

Ages Eligible for Study:   15 Years to 65 Years   (Child, Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS: Diagnosis of chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) in chronic phase No chromosomal abnormalities other than a single Philadelphia chromosome (Ph) and less than 10% blasts in bone marrow and peripheral blood OR Diagnosis of CML in accelerated phase Must meet 1 of the following criteria: More than 10% and less than 30% myeloblasts plus promyelocytes in bone marrow or peripheral blood Major perturbations of WBC, platelet count, or hematocrit uncontrolled by chemotherapy with busulfan or hydroxyurea Progressive splenomegaly Extramedullary tumor Presence of any nonconstitutional cytogenetic abnormality in addition to a single Ph chromosome Persistent unexplained fever or bone pain Ph positive OR bcr/abl positive by reverse-transcriptase polymerase chain reaction or Southern blot No CML in blast phase

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS: Age: 15 to 65 Performance status: Not specified Life expectancy: At least 6 months based on any concurrent nonmalignant disease Hematopoietic: Not specified Hepatic: Bilirubin no greater than 2 times upper limit of normal (ULN) (unless due to CML) SGOT and SGPT no greater than 2 times ULN (unless due to CML) Renal: Creatinine no greater than 1.4 mg/dL Cardiovascular: Cardiac ejection fraction at least 45% Pulmonary: DLCO at least 50% predicted Other: HIV negative Donor Entry Criteria: HLA-identical family member No psychological, physiological, or medical condition that would preclude harvest of peripheral blood stem cells or bone marrow HIV negative Hepatitis A, B, and C antigen negative Negative pregnancy test Age 12 years and over

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY: See Disease Characteristics

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00002789

United States, Washington
Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center
Seattle, Washington, United States, 98109-1024
Sponsors and Collaborators
Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Study Chair: Jerry Radich, MD Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center Identifier: NCT00002789     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 1092.00
CDR0000064853 ( Registry Identifier: PDQ )
First Posted: March 19, 2004    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: March 30, 2010
Last Verified: March 2010

Keywords provided by Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center:
chronic phase chronic myelogenous leukemia
accelerated phase chronic myelogenous leukemia
Philadelphia chromosome positive chronic myelogenous leukemia

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Leukemia, Myeloid
Leukemia, Myelogenous, Chronic, BCR-ABL Positive
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Myeloproliferative Disorders
Bone Marrow Diseases
Hematologic Diseases
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antirheumatic Agents
Antineoplastic Agents, Alkylating
Alkylating Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antineoplastic Agents
Myeloablative Agonists
Abortifacient Agents, Nonsteroidal
Abortifacient Agents
Reproductive Control Agents
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Dermatologic Agents
Enzyme Inhibitors
Folic Acid Antagonists