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High-Dose or Low-Dose Interferon Alfa Compared With No Further Therapy Following Surgery in Treating Patients With Stage III Melanoma

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00002763
Recruitment Status : Unknown
Verified November 2011 by National Cancer Institute (NCI).
Recruitment status was:  Active, not recruiting
First Posted : July 19, 2004
Last Update Posted : November 16, 2011
Information provided by:
National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Brief Summary:

RATIONALE: Interferon alfa may interfere with the growth of cancer cells. It is not known whether giving high-dose or low-dose interferon alfa is more effective than no further therapy in treating patients with stage III melanoma.

PURPOSE: Randomized phase III trial to compare the effectiveness of high- or low-dose interferon alfa with that of no further therapy following surgery in treating patients who have stage III melanoma.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Melanoma (Skin) Biological: recombinant interferon alfa Phase 3

Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVES: I. Evaluate the time to distant metastasis, death due to melanoma, and overall survival in patients with high-risk stage III melanoma treated with 10 MU of interferon alfa (IFN-A) for 4 weeks followed by 1 year of IFN-A at 10 MU three times per week vs. 2 years of IFN-A at 5 MU three times per week vs. observation alone. II. Assess the toxicity associated with IFN-A. III. Compare the quality of life, costs, and compliance associated with each treatment regimen.

OUTLINE: Randomized study. Following definitive surgical resection, patients are randomly assigned in a 2:2:1 ratio to Arms A, B, and C, respectively. Arm A: Biological Response Modifier Therapy. Interferon alfa-2b (Schering), IFN-A, NSC-377523. Higher dose. Arm B: Biological Response Modifier Therapy. IFN-A. Lower dose. Arm C: Control. Observation.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 1,000 patients will be entered over approximately 4 years in this multicenter study.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 1000 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Study Start Date : April 1996

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus Genetics related topics: Melanoma
MedlinePlus related topics: Melanoma
Drug Information available for: Interferon

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   16 Years to 75 Years   (Child, Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS: Cutaneous melanoma in one of the following categories: T4, N0, M0 Deep primary tumor with Breslow depth greater than 4.0 cm Tx, N1, M0 Primary tumor with regional lymph node metastases found at lymphadenectomy but clinically undetectable Tx, N2, M0 Clinically apparent regional lymph node metastases (synchronous or metachronous) confirmed by lymphadenectomy Definitive surgical resection and lymphadenectomy with pathologically confirmed adequate surgical margins required Minimum 2 cm margin for primary lesions with Breslow depth greater than 2 mm Distal interphalangeal amputation required for subungual melanomas No primary melanoma originating apart from the skin No multiple in transit metastases in an extremity No lymph node involvement outside the operative area resected by radical neck, axillary lymph node, or ilioinguinal dissection

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS: Age: 16 to 75 Performance status: ECOG 0 or 1 Hematopoietic: WBC at least 4,000 Platelets at least 125,000 Hemoglobin at least 9.8 g/dL (6.1 mmol/L) Hepatic: Bilirubin no greater than 2 times normal AST no greater than 2 times normal Renal: Creatinine no greater than 1.6 mg/dL (140 micromoles/L) Cardiovascular: No ventricular or supraventricular arrhythmia requiring treatment No congestive heart failure (NYHA class 3/4 status) Other: No uncontrolled infection No requirement for ongoing steroids, NSAIDs, or other immunomodulators No organic brain syndrome or significant impairment of basal cognitive function No psychiatric disorder that would preclude study participation or would be exacerbated by study therapy (e.g., depression) No second malignancy except: In situ cervical cancer Nonmelanomatous skin cancer No pregnant or nursing women

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY: No prior treatment on this protocol for patients with recurrent melanoma at regional lymph nodes No preoperative infusion or perfusion therapy Biologic therapy: No prior adjuvant immunotherapy Chemotherapy: No prior adjuvant systemic chemotherapy No prior anthracyclines Endocrine therapy: Not specified Radiotherapy: No prior adjuvant radiotherapy Surgery: See Disease Characteristics

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00002763

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Sponsors and Collaborators
European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer - EORTC
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Study Chair: Alexander M. M. Eggermont, MD, PhD Daniel Den Hoed Cancer Center at Erasmus Medical Center
Publications of Results:
Bouwhuis M, Suciu S, Kruit W, et al.: Prognostic value of autoantibodies (auto-AB) in melanoma patients (pts) in the EORTC 18952 trial of adjuvant interferon (IFN) compared to observation (obs). [Abstract] J Clin Oncol 25 (Suppl 18): A-8507, 473s, 2007.
Suciu S, Ghanem G, Kruit W, et al.: Serum S-100B protein is a strong independent prognostic marker for distant-metastasis free survival (DMFS) in stage III melanoma patients: an evaluation of the EORTC randomized trial 18952 comparing IFNα versus observation. [Abstract] J Clin Oncol 25 (Suppl 18): A-8518, 476s, 2007.

Other Publications:
Layout table for additonal information Identifier: NCT00002763    
Other Study ID Numbers: CDR0000064718
First Posted: July 19, 2004    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: November 16, 2011
Last Verified: November 2011
Keywords provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI):
stage III melanoma
recurrent melanoma
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Neuroendocrine Tumors
Neuroectodermal Tumors
Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms, Nerve Tissue
Nevi and Melanomas
Antineoplastic Agents
Antiviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs