Combination Chemotherapy and Radiation Therapy in Treating Patients With Cancer of the Esophagus

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00002711
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : August 24, 2004
Last Update Posted : July 3, 2013
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by:
Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center

Brief Summary:

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Radiation therapy uses high-energy x-rays to damage tumor cells. Combining radiation therapy with chemotherapy may kill more tumor cells.

PURPOSE: Phase I trial to study the effectiveness of combination chemotherapy and radiation therapy in treating patients with cancer of the esophagus.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Esophageal Cancer Drug: chemotherapy Drug: cisplatin Drug: paclitaxel Radiation: low-LET electron therapy Radiation: low-LET photon therapy Phase 1

Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVES: I. Estimate the maximum tolerated dose and recommend a phase II dose for paclitaxel (TAX) when administered as a 96-hour intravenous infusion with a weekly fixed dose of intravenous cisplatin (CDDP) during concurrent radiotherapy for patients with localized esophageal cancer. II. Estimate the response rate of patients treated with 2 courses of TAX/CDDP induction chemotherapy and the complete response rate of patients treated with TAX/CDDP and concurrent radiotherapy. III. Describe the toxic effects of TAX/CDDP prior to and during radiotherapy. IV. Describe the pharmacokinetics of TAX as a continuous infusion (CI) over 96 hours. V. Evaluate, by flow cytometry, the ability of CI TAX to block esophageal cancer cells in the G2-M phase of the cell cycle.

OUTLINE: After the MTD of TAX is reached on Part A, new patients are entered on Part B. The following acronyms are used: CDDP Cisplatin, NSC-119875 EBRT External-beam radiotherapy TAX Paclitaxel (Bristol-Myers), NSC-125973 PART A: Radiotherapy plus 2-Drug Combination Chemotherapy. EBRT using megavoltage equipment (>/= 10 MV recommended; electron boost allowed for subclavicular fossae); plus TAX/CDDP. PART B: 2-Drug Combination Induction Chemotherapy followed by Radiotherapy plus 2-Drug Combination Chemotherapy. TAX/CDDP; followed by EBRT as in Part A; plus TAX/CDDP.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: At least 3 patients/dose will be entered on Part A (up to 24 patients) and 3-6 patients on Part B.

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 24 participants
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Study Start Date : October 1995
Actual Primary Completion Date : October 2000
Actual Study Completion Date : October 2000

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS: Histologically confirmed epidermoid carcinoma or adenocarcinoma of the esophagus eligible for potentially curative radiotherapy Disease in one of the following categories: Newly diagnosed Locoregional failure after prior resection with curative intent Positive microscopic margin after palliative resection of all gross disease Disease clinically limited to esophagus T 1-4, any N, M0 Gastroesophageal junction tumor allowed No positive pleural, pericardial, or peritoneal cytology No tracheobronchial invasion on bronchoscopy, including tracheoesophageal fistula

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS: Age: 18 and over Performance status: Karnofsky 60-100% Hematopoietic: WBC more than 4,000/mm3 Platelet count at least 150,000/mm3 Hepatic: Bilirubin no greater than 1.5 mg/dL Renal: Creatinine no greater than 1.5 mg/dL OR Creatinine clearance at least 65 mL/min per 1.73 square meters Cardiovascular: No NYHA class 3/4 status No cerebral vascular disease No hypertension Other: No severe uncontrolled diabetes No uncontrolled infection No other medical condition that precludes treatment No mental status abnormality that precludes comprehension of or compliance with treatment No active cancer arising at another primary site other than basal cell carcinoma of the skin or in situ cervical carcinoma

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY: No prior chemotherapy or radiotherapy

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To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00002711

United States, New York
Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center
New York, New York, United States, 10021
Sponsors and Collaborators
Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Study Chair: David Paul Kelsen, MD Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center Identifier: NCT00002711     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 95-073
CDR0000064528 ( Registry Identifier: PDQ (Physician Data Query) )
First Posted: August 24, 2004    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: July 3, 2013
Last Verified: July 2013

Keywords provided by Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center:
stage I esophageal cancer
stage II esophageal cancer
stage III esophageal cancer
recurrent esophageal cancer
squamous cell carcinoma of the esophagus
adenocarcinoma of the esophagus

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Esophageal Neoplasms
Gastrointestinal Neoplasms
Digestive System Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Head and Neck Neoplasms
Digestive System Diseases
Esophageal Diseases
Gastrointestinal Diseases
Albumin-Bound Paclitaxel
Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic
Antineoplastic Agents
Tubulin Modulators
Antimitotic Agents
Mitosis Modulators
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action