Intravenous Compared With Intrahepatic Chemotherapy in Treating Patients With Colorectal Cancer Metastatic to the Liver

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00002692
Recruitment Status : Unknown
Verified May 2007 by National Cancer Institute (NCI).
Recruitment status was:  Active, not recruiting
First Posted : May 21, 2004
Last Update Posted : December 19, 2013
Information provided by:
National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Brief Summary:

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Combining more than one drug may kill more tumor cells.

PURPOSE: Randomized phase III trial to compare the effectiveness of intravenous infusion or intrahepatic infusion of fluorouracil and leucovorin in treating patients with colorectal cancer metastatic to the liver.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Colorectal Cancer Metastatic Cancer Drug: fluorouracil Drug: isolated perfusion Drug: leucovorin calcium Phase 3

Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVES: I. Compare the survival and response rates of patients with colorectal liver metastases treated with intravenous vs. intrahepatic arterial infusion of fluorouracil/leucovorin. II. Assess the effect of these 2 treatments on symptoms and quality of life of these patients.

OUTLINE: Randomized study. Patients randomized to Arm II should have a preoperative hepatic angiography; at laparotomy, an intrahepatic arterial catheter is fused into the gastroduodenal artery to establish an infusion of both lobes of the liver. Arm I: Single-Agent Chemotherapy with Drug Modulation. Fluorouracil, 5-FU, NSC-19893; with Leucovorin calcium, CF, NSC-3590. Intravenous infusion. Arm II: Single-Agent Chemotherapy with Drug Modulation. 5-FU; with CF. Intrahepatic arterial infusion.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: 312 patients are expected to be randomized within 3-4 years.

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 312 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Study Start Date : December 1994

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Ages Eligible for Study:   Child, Adult, Older Adult
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS: Histologically confirmed adenocarcinoma of the colon or rectum with metastases confined to the liver and not amenable to surgery

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS: Age: Any age Performance status: WHO 0-2 Life expectancy: More than 3 months Hematopoietic: WBC at least 3,000/mm3 Absolute neutrophil count at least 1,500/mm3 Platelet count at least 100,000/mm3 Hepatic: Bilirubin less than 3.5 mg/dL (50 micromoles/liter) Renal: Not specified Cardiovascular: No uncontrolled heart disease (e.g., congestive heart failure, angina) Other: No uncontrolled infection No other uncontrolled medical illness

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY: No prior fluorouracil (5-FU) for advanced disease More than 6 months since adjuvant 5-FU (e.g., in AXIS or QUASAR studies)

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To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00002692

United Kingdom
University Birmingham
Birmingham, England, United Kingdom, B15 2TT
Sponsors and Collaborators
Medical Research Council
Study Chair: David J. Kerr, MD, FRCP, DSc University Hospital Birmingham

Publications of Results:
McArdle C: IV versus IHA 5FU/leucovorin for colorectal liver metastases: preliminary results of the MRC CR05 EORTC 40972 randomised trial. [Abstract] Br J Cancer 85 (suppl 1): A-CT2. 1, 2001.
McArdle C, Kerr DJ, Ledermann J, et al.: Intravenous (IV) vs intrahepatic (IHA) 5FU/leucovorin for colorectal (CRC) liver metastases: preliminary results of the MRC CR05/EORTC 40972 randomised trial. [Abstract] Proceedings of the American Society of Clinical Oncology 20: A-499, 2001.
McArdle C, Kerr DJ, Ledermann J, et al.: Intravenous (IV) vs intrahepatic arterial (IHA) 5-FU/leucovorin for colorectal (CRC) liver metastasis: preliminary results of the MRC CRO5/EORTC 40972 randomised trial. [Abstract] Eur J Cancer 37 (suppl 6): A-955, s257, 2001. Identifier: NCT00002692     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CDR0000064434
First Posted: May 21, 2004    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: December 19, 2013
Last Verified: May 2007

Keywords provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI):
stage IV colon cancer
stage IV rectal cancer
recurrent colon cancer
recurrent rectal cancer
adenocarcinoma of the colon
adenocarcinoma of the rectum
liver metastases

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Colorectal Neoplasms
Neoplasm Metastasis
Intestinal Neoplasms
Gastrointestinal Neoplasms
Digestive System Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Digestive System Diseases
Gastrointestinal Diseases
Colonic Diseases
Intestinal Diseases
Rectal Diseases
Neoplastic Processes
Pathologic Processes
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Antineoplastic Agents
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Protective Agents