Early Detection of Second Lung Cancer in Patients With Stage I Non-small Cell Lung Cancer

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00002667
Recruitment Status : Unknown
Verified May 2006 by National Cancer Institute (NCI).
Recruitment status was:  Active, not recruiting
First Posted : July 19, 2004
Last Update Posted : February 24, 2010
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Southwest Oncology Group
Information provided by:
National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Brief Summary:

RATIONALE: Using new methods to examine sputum samples for the presence of cancer cells may detect lung cancer earlier.

PURPOSE: Screening trial to study the effectiveness of new methods of examining sputum samples to detect second primary lung cancer in patients with resected stage I non-small cell lung cancer.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Lung Cancer Other: cytology specimen collection procedure Other: immunoenzyme technique Procedure: study of high risk factors Not Applicable

Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVES: I. Evaluate whether immunostaining of induced sputum specimens improves the sensitivity and specificity of routine morphologic sputum surveillance to detect second primary lung cancer in patients with previously resected nonsmall cell lung cancer. II. Evaluate which patients are at risk of developing a second primary lung cancer by immunostaining specimens from patients with no morphologic atypia on routine Papanicolaou cytology. III. Make available archived sputum samples and bronchial washings for further analysis of new antibodies and techniques. IV. Evaluate whether analysis of elevations of relevant growth factors in bronchial lavage fluid from patients with positive immunostaining or morphologic atypia increases the accuracy of early detection. V. Evaluate whether quantitation of shed antigens in sputum increases the accuracy of early detection. VI. Evaluate whether the extent of airway obstruction, as measured by the forced expiratory volume, can predict an increased risk of developing lung cancer.

OUTLINE: Screening for Second Primary Lung Cancer. Annual sputum induction for Papanicolaou cytology and immunostaining (using monoclonal antibodies 624H12 and 703D4), with optional pulmonary function tests and fiberoptic bronchoscopy with bronchial washings.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: 1,100 patients will be entered over 3 years. The sample size will be adjusted based on the rate of positive staining in the first 100 patients. Patients followed at uncertified centers are analyzed separately.

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 1100 participants
Primary Purpose: Screening
Study Start Date : July 1995

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Lung Cancer

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS: Stage I (T1-2 N0) nonsmall cell lung cancer curatively resected and in regular follow-up for at least 6 weeks Material available for histologic review At least 1 mediastinal node station sampled or at least 2 years since surgery Any of the following histologies eligible: Squamous cell carcinoma Large cell carcinoma Adenocarcinoma (including bronchoalveolar) No small cell anaplastic component No recurrent disease or second primary No synchronous lung cancer of a different histology Concurrent registration on intergroup protocol I91-0001 allowed

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS: Age: 18 and over Performance status: Not specified Cardiovascular: No history of severe hypertension, i.e.: Systolic 200 mm Hg or more Diastolic 120 mm Hg or more No MI within 6 weeks Pulmonary: Available for annual sputum induction and clinical evaluation Clinically able to undergo pulmonary function tests (PFTs) and bronchoscopy Refusal of PFTs or bronchoscopy will not effect eligibility PFTs waived if FEV1/FVC < 65% on prior testing No acute respiratory infection Other: No prior uncontrolled malignancy except nonmelanomatous skin cancer Exceptions for malignancy controlled more than 5 years discretionary

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY: Complete surgical resection required as primary therapy At least 6 weeks since resection, any adjuvant chemotherapy or radiotherapy, or thoracoabdominal surgery

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00002667

United States, Florida
H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute
Tampa, Florida, United States, 33612
United States, Iowa
CCOP - Iowa Oncology Research Association
Des Moines, Iowa, United States, 10309-1016
United States, New Jersey
CCOP - Northern New Jersey
Hackensack, New Jersey, United States, 07601
United States, Ohio
Ireland Cancer Center
Cleveland, Ohio, United States, 44106-5065
United States, Pennsylvania
Allegheny University Hospitals- Hahnemann
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States, 19102-1192
Sponsors and Collaborators
Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Southwest Oncology Group
Study Chair: John C. Ruckdeschel, MD H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute
Study Chair: Paul A. Bunn, MD University of Colorado, Denver Identifier: NCT00002667     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CDR0000064256
First Posted: July 19, 2004    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: February 24, 2010
Last Verified: May 2006

Keywords provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI):
stage I non-small cell lung cancer

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Lung Neoplasms
Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung
Respiratory Tract Neoplasms
Thoracic Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Lung Diseases
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Carcinoma, Bronchogenic
Bronchial Neoplasms