Biological Therapy in Treating Patients With Prostate Cancer

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00002637
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : June 10, 2004
Last Update Posted : June 25, 2013
Information provided by:
Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center

Brief Summary:

RATIONALE: Interleukin-2 may stimulate a person's white blood cells including natural killer cells to kill prostate cancer cells. Interferon gamma may interfere with the growth of the cancer cells. Combining interferon gamma with interleukin-2 may be a more effective treatment for prostate cancer.

PURPOSE: Phase I/II trial to study the effectiveness of biological therapy using interleukin-2 and interferon gamma in treating patients with advanced prostate cancer.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Prostate Cancer Biological: aldesleukin Biological: gene-modified tumor cell vaccine therapy Biological: recombinant interferon gamma Phase 1 Phase 2

Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVES: I. Evaluate the safety of immunization with HLA class I-matched allogeneic human prostate carcinoma cells genetically engineered to secrete interleukin-2 and interferon gamma in patients with prostate carcinoma. II. Evaluate the antitumor effects of this treatment as assessed by post-therapy declines in PSA. III. Evaluate the induction of cellular and humoral immunity in vivo with this treatment.

OUTLINE: Tumor Cell Vaccine Therapy. Immunization with irradiated, MHC class I-matched allogeneic human prostate carcinoma cells, LNCaP cells, engineered to secrete approximately 58 ng/24 hr/million cells of interleukin-2 (IL-2) and approximately 0.72 U/24 hr/million cells of interferon gamma (IFN-G).

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: Up to 12 patients will be entered on the Phase I study; accrual will continue to a total of 25 patients treated at the MTD (Phase II). Accrual is expected to require 2 years.

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 25 participants
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Study Start Date : January 1995
Actual Primary Completion Date : February 2001
Actual Study Completion Date : February 2001

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Prostate Cancer
Drug Information available for: Interferon

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Male
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS: Histologically confirmed prostate carcinoma For Phase I: progressive, androgen-independent disease required, i.e.: Elevated PSA despite castrate testosterone levels (below 50 ng/dl) documented on 3 successive occasions For Phase II: progressive disease after surgery or radiotherapy without prior hormonal therapy also eligible HLA-A1- or HLA-A2-positive disease required Measurable or evaluable disease required No active CNS metastases

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS: Age: 18 and over Performance status: Karnofsky 70-100% Life expectancy: At least 12 weeks Hematopoietic: WBC greater than 3,000 Absolute lymphocytes greater than 1,000 Platelets greater than 100,000 Hb at least 9 g/dl Hepatic: Bilirubin less than 2.0 mg/dl OR SGOT less than 2 x ULN Renal: Creatinine no greater than 2.0 mg/dl OR Creatinine clearance at least 40 ml/min Cardiovascular: No NYHA class III/IV status Pulmonary: No severe debilitating pulmonary disease Other: No active infection requiring antibiotics Not HIV positive No history of hypersensitivity to interferon gamma or other vaccine component No serious intercurrent medical illness

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY: Recovered from toxicity of any prior therapy Biologic therapy: No prior autologous or allogeneic tumor vaccines No concurrent other immunotherapy Chemotherapy: At least 4 weeks since chemotherapy No concurrent chemotherapy Endocrine therapy: Flutamide discontinued and subsequent progression prior to entry 3 consecutive rising PSA values at least 2 weeks apart No concurrent corticosteroids (except for life-threatening conditions) Medical hormonal therapy to maintain castrate testosterone levels required in the absence of orchiectomy Radiotherapy: At least 4 weeks since radiotherapy No concurrent radiotherapy Surgery: Prior surgery allowed

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00002637

United States, New York
Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center
New York, New York, United States, 10021
Sponsors and Collaborators
Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center
Study Chair: Susan Slovin, MD, PhD Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center Identifier: NCT00002637     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 94-134
CDR0000064100 ( Registry Identifier: PDQ (Physician Data Query) )
First Posted: June 10, 2004    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: June 25, 2013
Last Verified: June 2013

Keywords provided by Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center:
recurrent prostate cancer

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Prostatic Neoplasms
Genital Neoplasms, Male
Urogenital Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Genital Diseases, Male
Prostatic Diseases
Antineoplastic Agents
Antiviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Anti-HIV Agents
Anti-Retroviral Agents