Cytotoxic T Cells and Interleukin-2 in Treating Adult Patients With Recurrent Brain Tumors

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00002572
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : July 29, 2004
Last Update Posted : May 30, 2013
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University of Colorado, Denver

Brief Summary:

RATIONALE: Biological therapy uses different ways to stimulate the immune system and stop cancer cells from growing. Cytotoxic T cells combined with interleukin-2 may be an effective treatment for recurrent brain tumors.

PURPOSE: Phase I trial to study the effectiveness of cytotoxic T cells and interleukin-2 in treating adults with recurrent brain tumors.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Brain and Central Nervous System Tumors Biological: aldesleukin Biological: muromonab-CD3 Biological: therapeutic tumor infiltrating lymphocytes Procedure: conventional surgery Phase 1

Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVES: I. Evaluate the toxicity of allogeneic cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTL) when repeatedly instilled directly into the brain to treat recurrent primary brain tumors. II. Evaluate the response produced by allogeneic CTL and interleukin-2. III. Correlate CTL surface phenotype and degree of patient/donor HLA mismatch to response and toxicity.

OUTLINE: Surgery plus Biological Response Modifier Therapy. Tumor resection; plus intracavitary cytotoxic T lymphocytes, CTL; intracavitary Interleukin-2 (Chiron), IL-2, NSC-373364. CTL are generated in vitro by mixing irradiated patient lymphocytes (cultured with IL-2 and Monoclonal Antibody OKT 3, MOAB OKT 3, NSC-618843) with allogeneic lymphocytes and culturing the mixture with IL-2.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: 10 patients will be treated. If severe toxicity occurs in the first 5 patients, the study will close.

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 10 participants
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Intracavitary Allogenic Cytotoxic T Lymphocytes and Human Recombinant Interleukin-2 Therapy for Recurrent Primary Brain Tumors
Study Start Date : November 1994
Actual Primary Completion Date : December 1999
Actual Study Completion Date : December 1999

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS: Kernohan Grade III/IV primary malignant brain tumor that has failed conventional surgical resection and radiotherapy Evidence of recurrent tumor on gadolinium-enhanced MRI following completion of radiotherapy (minimum 5,000 cGy for adults) required The following histologies are eligible: Anaplastic astrocytoma Anaplastic oligodendroglioma Glioblastoma multiforme Mixed anaplastic glioma Surgical resection of progressing brain tumor feasible No evidence of tumor extending across the midline from one hemisphere to the other No multifocal tumor or leptomeningeal spread

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS: Age: Over 18 Performance status: Karnofsky 60-100% Life expectancy: At least 2 months Hematopoietic: WBC greater than 2,000 Platelets greater than 100,000 Hct at least 28% Hepatic: Bilirubin less than 1.5 mg/dl Renal: Creatinine less than 1.5 mg/dl Cardiovascular: No major cardiovascular problems Pulmonary: No major pulmonary problems Other: Seronegative for HTLV/HIV, syphilis, and hepatitis B and C No concurrent systemic infection Ability to maintain proper nutrition (orally or intravenously) during the study period required No pregnant women

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY: Biologic therapy: Not specified Chemotherapy: More than 4 weeks since systemic chemotherapy (6 weeks since carmustine), with the WBC increasing on 2 consecutive determinations at least 3 days apart Endocrine therapy: Not specified Radiotherapy: At least 8 weeks since radiotherapy Surgery: See Disease Characteristics

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00002572

United States, Colorado
Children's Health Center
Denver, Colorado, United States, 80218
Veterans Affairs Medical Center - Denver
Denver, Colorado, United States, 80220
University of Colorado Cancer Center
Denver, Colorado, United States, 80262
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Colorado, Denver
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Study Chair: Kevin O. Lillehei, MD University of Colorado, Denver

Responsible Party: University of Colorado, Denver Identifier: NCT00002572     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers:
First Posted: July 29, 2004    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: May 30, 2013
Last Verified: July 2000

Keywords provided by University of Colorado, Denver:
recurrent adult brain tumor
adult glioblastoma
adult anaplastic astrocytoma
adult anaplastic oligodendroglioma
adult mixed glioma
adult giant cell glioblastoma
adult gliosarcoma

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Brain Neoplasms
Nervous System Neoplasms
Central Nervous System Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Brain Diseases
Central Nervous System Diseases
Nervous System Diseases
Antineoplastic Agents
Analgesics, Non-Narcotic
Sensory System Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Anti-HIV Agents
Anti-Retroviral Agents
Antiviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Immunologic Factors
Immunosuppressive Agents