Surgery With or Without Chemotherapy in Treating Patients With Stage IB Cervical Cancer

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00002536
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : March 26, 2004
Last Update Posted : July 9, 2013
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by:
Gynecologic Oncology Group

Brief Summary:

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Giving chemotherapy drugs before surgery may shrink the tumor so that it can be removed during surgery.

PURPOSE: Randomized phase III trial to compare surgery with or without chemotherapy in treating patients who have stage IB cervical cancer.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Cervical Cancer Drug: cisplatin Drug: vincristine sulfate Procedure: surgical procedure Radiation: radiation therapy Phase 3

Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVES: I. Compare disease free survival, overall survival, and local control in patients with bulky stage IB carcinoma of the cervix treated with radical hysterectomy and pelvic and para-aortic lymphadenectomy with or without neoadjuvant vincristine and cisplatin. II. Compare adverse effects of radical hysterectomy and pelvic and para-aortic lymphadenectomy with or without neoadjuvant vincristine and cisplatin in these patients.

OUTLINE: This is a randomized study. Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 treatment arms. Arm I: Surgery. All patients undergo intra-abdominal and retroperitoneal exploratory laparotomy. Patients without metastases also undergo radical hysterectomy with pelvic and para-aortic lymphadenectomy. Beginning 2-4 weeks after surgery, patients with 1 or more positive lymph nodes or positive surgical margins on the radical hysterectomy specimen receive adjunctive radiotherapy 5 days each week for 4-6 weeks. Patients with histologically confirmed metastases do not undergo radical hysterectomy with pelvic and para-aortic lymphadenectomy, but receive radiotherapy 5 days each week for 6-8 weeks beginning 2-4 weeks after the laparotomy. Patients who undergo radiotherapy also receive cisplatin IV over 1 hour on days when radiotherapy is administered for up to 6 doses of cisplatin. Arm II: Patients receive vincristine IV bolus immediately followed by cisplatin IV over 1 hour on days 1, 11, and 21. Courses repeat every 21 days for up to 3 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Beginning approximately 4 weeks after the last doses of neoadjuvant vincristine and cisplatin, patients receive surgery, radiotherapy, and cisplatin as in Arm I. Patients are followed every 3 months for 2 years, every 6 months for 3 years, and then annually thereafter.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 170-340 patients will be accrued for this study over approximately 4.5 years.

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Study Start Date : December 1996
Actual Primary Completion Date : August 2007

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Cervical Cancer

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   Child, Adult, Older Adult
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS: Previously untreated, histologically proven invasive carcinoma of the cervix Eligible histologies: Squamous Adenocarcinoma Adenosquamous Eligible stages: Bulky stage IB, i.e.: Exophytic lesions 4 cm or greater in diameter OR Cervix expanded to 4 cm or greater and presumed clinically to result from cancer No extension beyond cervix clinically and by IVP or CT with contrast

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS: Age: Not specified Performance status: GOG 0-2 Hematopoietic: WBC at least 3,000/mm3 Platelet count at least 100,000/mm3 Hepatic: Bilirubin no greater than 1.5 times normal AST no greater than 3 times normal Alkaline phosphatase no greater than 3 times normal Renal: Creatinine no greater than 2.0 mg/dL Other: No septicemia or severe infection No other concurrent malignancy within the past 5 years except curatively treated nonmelanomatous skin cancer and prior malignancy therapy does not contraindicate current protocol therapy Suitability for radical hysterectomy and lymphadenectomy required

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY: No prior therapy for cervical cancer No prior pelvic irradiation

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00002536

  Show 41 Study Locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
Gynecologic Oncology Group
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Study Chair: Gary L. Eddy, MD Kaiser Permanente Medical Center - Bellflower

Publications of Results: Identifier: NCT00002536     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CDR0000078470
First Posted: March 26, 2004    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: July 9, 2013
Last Verified: March 2008

Keywords provided by Gynecologic Oncology Group:
stage IB cervical cancer

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Uterine Cervical Neoplasms
Uterine Neoplasms
Genital Neoplasms, Female
Urogenital Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Uterine Cervical Diseases
Uterine Diseases
Genital Diseases, Female
Antineoplastic Agents
Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic
Tubulin Modulators
Antimitotic Agents
Mitosis Modulators
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action