Comparing the Effectiveness of Fluconazole and a New Medicine (FK463) in Preventing Fungal Infections in Bone Marrow Transplant Patients
|The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.|
|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00001937|
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : December 10, 2002
Last Update Posted : March 4, 2008
Fever and infection are serious complications of cancer treatment such as bone marrow transplant, especially when white blood cell counts are low. When the number of white blood cells is below 500, the person has a condition called neutropenia and has a high risk of developing an infection. At the first sign of fever, antibiotics are started. However, antibiotics do not kill fungus germs, and fungal infections may be difficult to treat. Thus, the prevention of fungal infections in this population is important. The only medicine approved for prevention of fungal infections is fluconazole, which prevents some but not all types of such infections. A new antifungal medication called FK463 works against more types of fungal infections than fluconazole does. This study will compare the effectiveness, safety, and tolerance of FK463 as compared with fluconazole.
Eight hundred patients will be enrolled in this study. They will be randomly assigned to receive either fluconazole or FK463. Before the medicine is begun, a physical exam as well as a blood sample, mouth swab, urine sample, and chest x-ray will be done. The fluconazole or FK463 will be administered once a day for one hour into the bloodstream through a catheter in the vein. Blood tests will be taken twice a week. Cultures from the blood, mouth, and urine will be taken throughout the study. X-rays and CT scans will only be taken if a fungal infection is suspected. If fever develops, blood will be drawn to check for fungi. If fever and neutropenia continue for more than 4 days, FK463 or fluconazole will be stopped and a standard medication called amphotericin B will be started.
Both FK463 and fluconazole will be administered until white blood cell count returns to greater than 500 (signifying recovery from neutropenia), or up to 42 days after transplantation. Patients will be evaluated 4 weeks after the medicine is stopped.
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Aspergillosis Candidiasis Fungemia Mycoses||Drug: FK463 Drug: Fluconazole||Phase 3|
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Enrollment :||800 participants|
|Official Title:||A Phase III, Randomized, Double-Blind, Comparative Trial of FK463 Versus Fluconazole for Prophylaxis of Fungal Infections in Patients Undergoing a Hematopoetic Stem Cell Transplant|
|Study Start Date :||November 1999|
|Study Completion Date :||December 2000|
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00001937
|United States, Maryland|
|National Cancer Institute (NCI)|
|Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892|