A Comparison of Two Treatments: Pacemaker and Percutaneous Transluminal Septal Ablation for Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00001894|
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : November 4, 1999
Last Update Posted : July 4, 2006
This study will compare two treatments: pacemaker implantation and percutaneous transluminal septal ablation (PTSA) for patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM), a condition in which the heart muscle thickens and obstructs the flow of blood out of the heart. The reduced blood flow can cause chest pain, shortness of breath, palpitations, tiredness, lightheadedness and fainting.
Patients with HCM who cannot be helped by drug therapy may participate in the study. The standard treatment for such patients is septal myectomy, an operation in which the surgeon shaves the muscle obstructing the blood flow. Another treatment option is implantation of a type of pacemaker that causes the heart to contract in a certain way that reduces blood flow obstruction and improves symptoms. The pacemaker is implanted under local anesthesia and usually takes less than an hour. PTSA is an experimental treatment that may provide a third option. In PTSA, a thin tube (catheter) is inserted into the blood vessel that feeds the heart muscle causing the blood flow obstruction. A small amount of alcohol is injected through the catheter to destroy some of the muscle and relieve the obstruction.
Candidates will have the following screening tests: chest X-ray, electrocardiogram, echocardiogram, exercise tests, exercise radionuclide angiography, exercise thallium scintigraphy, Holter monitoring, cardiac catheterization, electrophysiology study, and coronary angiography. Participants will be assigned to one of the two treatments groups: pacemaker implantation or PTSA. Patients in the PTSA group will also have magnetic resonance imaging scans at the start of the study, 3 to 7 days after PTSA, and at the end of the study, in order to observe changes in the heart's shape. All patients will fill out a questionnaire answering questions about their quality of life.
Patients' progress will be followed with monthly phone calls. In addition, various tests, such as exercise tests and echocardiography, will be done during repeat visits at three and six months to measure treatment results. Patients will again complete quality-of-life questionnaires at both of those visits.
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy||Procedure: pacemaker implantation Procedure: percutaneous transluminal septal ablation (PTSA)||Phase 2|
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Enrollment :||70 participants|
|Official Title:||A Randomized Prospective Comparison of DDD Chamber Pacing and Percutaneous Transluminal Septal Ablation in Obstructive Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy Associated With Severe Drug-Refractory Symptoms|
|Study Start Date :||August 1999|
|Study Completion Date :||September 2002|
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00001894
|United States, Maryland|
|National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute (NHLBI)|
|Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892|