Study of Muscle Abnormalities in Patients With Specific Genetic Mutations

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00001871
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : December 10, 2002
Last Update Posted : March 4, 2008
Information provided by:
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)

Brief Summary:

Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is a genetically inherited disease affecting the heart. It causes thickening of heart muscle, especially the chamber responsible for pumping blood out of the heart, the left ventricle. This condition can cause patients to experience symptoms of chest pain, shortness of breath, fatigue, and heart beat palpitations. Researchers believe the disease may be caused by abnormalities in the genes responsible for producing proteins of the heart muscle.

Oculopharyngeal muscular dystrophy (OPMD) is another genetically inherited disease. This condition affects the muscles of the eyes and throat causing symptoms of weak eye movements, difficulty swallowing and speaking, and weakness of the arms and legs.

In previous studies researchers have found that several patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) also had oculopharyngeal muscular dystrophy (OPMD). Researchers are interested in learning more about how these two diseases are associated with each other.

In this study, researcher plan to collect samples of muscles (skeletal muscle biopsies) from patients belonging to families in which several members have inherited one or both of these diseases. The muscle samples will be used to link the muscle abnormalities with the specific genetic mutations.

Patients participating in this study may not be directly benefited by it. However, information gathered because of this study may be used to develop better techniques for diagnosing and treating these conditions.

Condition or disease
Cardiomyopathy, Hypertrophic Muscular Dystrophy, Oculopharyngeal

Detailed Description:
Mutations of the fast alpha-tropomyosin gene cause hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM), and are also expressed in skeletal muscle. However, the skeletal phenotype is undetermined. We have identified three families in which HCM is caused by an alpha-tropomyosin mutation. Several family members of one of these kindreds have also inherited a distinct skeletal myopathy called oculopharyngeal muscular dystrophy (OPMD) which is caused by mutations of the poly(A) binding protein-2 gene (PABP2). The pathologic hallmark of this disease is unique nuclear filament inclusions in skeletal muscle fibers. It is possible that the skeletal muscle phenotype is more severe when the two diseases occur in the same patient. We wish to perform skeletal muscle biopsies to determine the skeletal myopathy in patients with alpha-tropomyosin, in patients with PABP2 gene mutation, and in patients who have inherited both diseases.

Study Type : Observational
Enrollment : 80 participants
Official Title: An Exploratory Study of Skeletal Muscle Abnormalities in Patients With Mutations in Alpha-Tropomyosin and PABP2 Genes
Study Start Date : January 1999
Study Completion Date : March 2001

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   Child, Adult, Older Adult
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Patients will be of either gender, aged 10-80 years old, in whom alpha-tropomyosin and PABP2 genotypes have been determined under protocols 87-H-0057 and 98-H-0100.

No bleeding diathesis.

Negative urine test for pregnancy.

No skin infection at site of biopsy.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00001871

United States, Maryland
National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)

Publications: Identifier: NCT00001871     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 990036
First Posted: December 10, 2002    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: March 4, 2008
Last Verified: December 1999

Keywords provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC):
Genetic Mutations
Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy
Oculopharyngeal Muscular Dystrophy

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Muscular Dystrophies
Cardiomyopathy, Hypertrophic
Muscular Dystrophy, Oculopharyngeal
Heart Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Muscular Disorders, Atrophic
Muscular Diseases
Musculoskeletal Diseases
Neuromuscular Diseases
Nervous System Diseases
Genetic Diseases, Inborn
Pathological Conditions, Anatomical
Aortic Stenosis, Subvalvular
Aortic Valve Stenosis
Heart Valve Diseases