Oxaliplatin in Cancer Patients With Impaired Kidney Function

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00001835
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : November 4, 1999
Last Update Posted : March 4, 2008
Information provided by:
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)

Brief Summary:

Oxaliplatin is an experimental anti-cancer drug that can shrink tumors such as colon cancer. However, because this drug can damage the kidneys, it is necessary to determine what doses of the drug can safely be given to patients with poor kidney function.

Patients with advanced cancer, poorly functioning kidneys, and no good standard treatment options are eligible for this study. Candidates will be screened with imaging tests, such as CT and MRI scans, to determine the size and location of the cancer and with blood and urine tests to evaluate kidney and liver function.

Study participants will receive oxaliplatin intravenously (through a vein) every 3 weeks for as long as the cancer is under control and there are no serious side effects from the drug. If significant side effects develop, the dosage will be reduced, or the drug will be stopped. Blood tests to measure blood cell counts will be done at least once a week, and CT scans, chest X-rays, and MRIs will be done about once every 6 weeks to assess the tumor's response to the treatment. Additional blood tests will be done at the beginning of the first two treatment cycles to measure the amount of oxaliplatin in the blood, and urine will be collected during the first 24 hours of drug treatment to determine how much drug is eliminated by the body in urine.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Kidney Disease Neoplasm Neoplasm Metastasis Drug: Oxaliplatin Phase 1

Detailed Description:
Oxaliplatin is a diaminocyclohexane platinum derivative with known anticancer activity in solid tumors. The recommended single-agent dose of Oxaliplatin in adult cancer patients with normal renal function is 130 mg/m(2) given intravenously over 2 hours every 3 weeks. Renal excretion is thought to be the major route of drug elimination, but precise dosing guidelines in patients with abnormal renal function have not been determined. This phase I and pharmacologic study of single agent Oxaliplatin is being conducted in adult cancer patients with impaired renal function. Patients will be stratified into four groups based upon their degree of renal impairment as assessed by a 24 hour creatinine clearance. Group A will consist of 12 patients with normal renal function who will serve as pharmacologic controls. The remaining 3 groups will start at different doses of Oxaliplatin based upon their degree of renal dysfunction and dose escalation in these groups will proceed in a manner in accordance with standard phase I trials with 3 patients per dose level until dose limiting toxicity is observed. Pharmacokinetic monitoring will be performed in all patients on study. The goals of this trial are to define the toxicities and pharmacokinetics of single agent Oxaliplatin in this patient population and to determine recommended doses of Oxaliplatin in patient with different degrees of renal dysfunction.

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Enrollment : 60 participants
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase I Study of Oxaliplatin in Adult Cancer Patients With Impaired Renal Function
Study Start Date : September 1999
Study Completion Date : December 2001

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Drug Information available for: Oxaliplatin

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   Child, Adult, Older Adult
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Patients must have histologically confirmed malignancy which is metastatic or unresectable and for which standard curative or palliative measures do not exist or are no longer effective.

Patients with prior chemotherapy, radiation therapy, hormonal therapy and immunotherapy are allowed with the exception that patients cannot have had prior treatment with oxaliplatin.

Patients greater than or equal to 18 years of age.

Patients must have an ECOG performance status less than or equal to 2 (Karnofsky greater than or equal to 60 percent) and a life expectancy of at least 3 months.

Patients must have adequate organ and marrow function which includes:

Leukocytes must be greater than or equal to 3,000/microliter.

Absolute neutrophil count must be greater than or equal to 1,500/microliter.

Platelet count must be greater than or equal to 100,000/microliter.

Total bilirubin within normal institutional limits.

AST (SGOT)/ALT(SGPT) less than or equal to 1.5 times the upper limit of normal.

Patients with no evidence of clinically significant neuropathy.

Women of child-bearing potential and men must agree to use adequate contraception.

Patients must have the ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent document.

Patients who have had chemotherapy or radiotherapy within 4 weeks prior to entering the study, or within 6 weeks of prior platinum therapy will be excluded.

Patients undergoing therapy with other investigational agents will be excluded.

Patients with known brain metastaseswill be excluded.

Patients with a history of an allergy to platinum compounds will be excluded.

Patients with uncontrolled intercurrent illness including but not limited to ongoing or active infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, or unstable angina pectoris, or cardiac arrhythmia will be excluded.

Women must not be pregnant or nursing.

Patients must not be HIV-positive or receiving anti-retroviral therapy (HAART).

Patients actively receiving renal dialysis treatments while on the study will be excluded.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00001835

United States, Maryland
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Publications: Identifier: NCT00001835     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 990171
First Posted: November 4, 1999    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: March 4, 2008
Last Verified: December 2001

Keywords provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC):
Renal Dysfunction
Platinum Analogues
Renal Cancer
Kidney Cancer

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Kidney Diseases
Neoplasm Metastasis
Urologic Diseases
Neoplastic Processes
Pathologic Processes
Antineoplastic Agents