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Randomized Double-Blind Placebo-Controlled Trial Using Recombinant Human Interleukin-10 for Moderate-to-Severe Psoriasis

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00001797
First Posted: December 10, 2002
Last Update Posted: March 4, 2008
The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
Information provided by:
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)
  Purpose

Several studies have documented an essential role for interleukin-10 (IL-10) in preventing prolonged and exaggerated immune responses to antigens and irritants. Psoriasis, a relatively common disease, is characterized by T cell-mediated inflammation in affected skin. In this study, the safety, tolerance, immunologic effects, and clinical activity of subcutaneous (SC) recombinant human (rh) IL-10 will be evaluated in patients with moderate-to-severe psoriasis. There will be 2 groups of patients, randomized to receive either 20 ug/kg rhIL-10 SC 3 times weekly (20 patients) or SC placebo (10 patients). This double-blind phase will continue for a total of 12 weeks and the principal evaluation will be the comparison between baseline and 12 week Psoriasis Area Severity Index (PASI) scores. Patients will come for an initial screening visit at day 0, and at weeks 1, 2, 4, 6, 8, and 12, with follow-up visits at weeks 16 and 20.

All patients will be offered rhIL-10 at 12 weeks (following the blinded portion of the study protocol). Patients initially receiving active medication who wish to continue rhIL-10 therapy will be kept on the drug. This open-label portion of the study will continue for an additional 12 weeks. Patients continuing with active drug will be evaluated at weeks 14, 16, 20, and 24.

Skin disease activity and toxicity will be assessed and recorded throughout the study. In addition, research studies will include functional assays to assess cytokine secretion and immunologic function of peripheral blood cells and immunohistochemical characterization of the inflammatory cells in skin.


Condition Intervention Phase
Psoriasis Drug: Recombinant human interleukin-10 Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Randomized Double-Blind Placebo-Controlled Trial Using Recombinant Human Interleukin-10 for Moderate-to-Severe Psoriasis

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC):

Estimated Enrollment: 36
Study Start Date: January 1999
Estimated Study Completion Date: September 2000
Detailed Description:

Several studies have documented an essential role for interleukin-10 (IL-10) in preventing prolonged and exaggerated immune responses to antigens and irritants. Psoriasis, a relatively common disease, is characterized by T cell-mediated inflammation in affected skin. In this study, the safety, tolerance, immunologic effects, and clinical activity of subcutaneous (SC) recombinant human (rh) IL-10 will be evaluated in patients with moderate-to-severe psoriasis. There will be 2 groups of patients, randomized to receive either 20 (micro)g/kg rhIL-10 SC 3 times weekly (20 patients) or SC placebo (10 patients). This double-blind phase will continue for a total of 12 weeks and the principal evaluation will be the comparison between baseline and 12 week Psoriasis Area Severity Index (PASI) scores. Patients will come for an initial screening visit at day 0, and at weeks 1, 2, 4, 6, 8, and 12, with follow-up visits at weeks 16 and 20.

All patients will be offered rhIL-10 at 12 weeks (following the blinded portion of the study protocol). Patients initially receiving active medication who wish to continue rhIL-10 therapy will be kept on the drug. This open-label portion of the study will continue for up to an additional 12 weeks. Patients continuing with active drug will be evaluated at weeks 14, 16, 20, and 24.

Skin disease activity and toxicity will be assessed and recorded throughout the study. In addition, research studies will include functional assays to assess cytokine secretion and immunologic function of peripheral blood cells and immunohistochemical characterization of the inflammatory cells in skin.

  Eligibility

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   Child, Adult, Senior
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Able to provide informed consent to all aspects of the study after full information is provided.

Age equal to or between 18 and 65 years.

Moderate-to-severe stable plaque psoriasis of at least 6 months duration as defined by the following criteria: 1) Classic psoriatic skin lesions with or without nail involvement, 2) Psoriasis Area and Severity Index score greater than 10(i), 3) Total body surface area involved greater than 10%.

Weight less than 242 pounds.

Must be able to self-administer medication (subcutaneous injection) or arrange for administration.

No unstable psoriatic disease, including erythrodermic, pustular, and palmar/plantar variants.

No use of topical medications for psoriasis (except for bland emollients) during 2 weeks prior to study entry.

No use of systemic medications for psoriasis during 1 month prior to study entry.

No patients with an ECOG or Zubrod Performance Status Scale greater than 2.

No patients with acute or chronic infections requiring antimicrobial therapy or serious viral (e.g., hepatitis, herpes zoster, or HIV) or fungal infections as the effects of IL-10 on the immune system not completely elucidated and treatment could pose additional risk to the patient. Patients with a positive PPD who have not received antituberculous therapy may be excluded, if in the opinion of an infectious consultant, IL-10 treatment is contraindicated.

No patients receiving disease modifying anti-inflammatory drugs (methotrexate, sulfasalazine, gold, hydroxychloroquine, cyclosporin, azathioprine, cyclophosphamide, chlorambucil, retinoids, vitamin D). Such drugs will be discontinued at least 4 weeks prior to randomization.

No pregnant females, nursing mothers, or patients of childbearing age not practicing birth control, since the risks to the unborn fetus and newborn child are unknown.

No previous history of malignancy or current malignancy other than satisfactorily treated basal-squamous cell carcinoma or in situ cervical carcinoma.

No confounding medical illness that in the judgment of the investigators would pose added risk for study participants (e.g., hepatic, hematologic [e.g., hematocrit less than or equal to 28% or platelet counts less than 100,000/ml], neurologic, renal, or pulmonary disease).

No patients with serum creatinine greater than 1.8 or creatinine clearance (CrCl) less than 50 ml/min.

No patients with abnormal liver function tests (e.g., serum glumatic oxalacetic transaminase, serum glutamic pyruvic transaminase or alkaline phosphatase levels greater than 2.5x upper limit of normal (UNL) and/or bilirubin levels 1.5x UNL).

No current alcohol or drug abuse.

  Contacts and Locations
Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00001797


Locations
United States, Maryland
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
  More Information