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A Pharmacokinetic Study of Genistein, a Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitor

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00001696
First Posted: December 10, 2002
Last Update Posted: March 4, 2008
The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
Information provided by:
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)
  Purpose
Genistein is a natural product found in soy beans; its consumption has been associated with a low incidence of metastatic prostate cancer. Genistein is a known protein-tyrosine kinase inhibitor, and in preclinical studies it has been shown to increase cell adhesion. Increases in cell adhesion in vivo would phenotypically reverse the first step in the metastatic cascade, potentially preventing metastasis formation, and is consistent with epidemiologic findings. This study seeks to determine the pharmacokinetics of genistein in humans by administering a single dose of genistein and performing a pharmacokinetic analysis. Patients will be treated with two formulations of genistein (a 43% genistein preparation or a 90% preparation). This is a phase I study, and patients will be treated on one of three dosing levels. Patients will be randomly assigned to receive one formulation first, followed by a washout period, and will then receive the second preparation (i.e. a randomized cross over design). Information from this study will be used to optimally design a multiple dose study wherein patients will be treated for longer periods of time.

Condition Intervention Phase
Cancer Drug: Genistein Phase 1

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Pharmacokinetic Study of Genistein, a Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitor

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC):

Estimated Enrollment: 15
Study Start Date: April 1998
Estimated Study Completion Date: March 2001
Detailed Description:
Genistein is a natural product found in soy beans; its consumption has been associated with a low incidence of metastatic prostate cancer. Genistein is a known protein-tyrosine kinase inhibitor, and in preclinical studies it has been shown to increase cell adhesion. Increases in cell adhesion in vivo would phenotypically reverse the first step in the metastatic cascade, potentially preventing metastasis formation, and is consistent with epidemiologic findings. This study seeks to determine the pharmacokinetics of genistein in humans by administering a single dose of genistein and performing a pharmacokinetic analysis. Patients will be treated with two formulations of genistein (a 43% genistein preparation or a 90% preparation). This is a phase I study, and patients will be treated on one of three dosing levels. Patients will be randomly assigned to receive one formulation first, followed by a washout period, and will then receive the second preparation (i.e., a randomized cross over design). Information from this study will be used to optimally design a multiple dose study wherein patients will be treated for longer periods of time. The duration of this study is estimated to be about 4 weeks long for each patient.
  Eligibility

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


Ages Eligible for Study:   Child, Adult, Senior
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Must be 18 years old or greater.

ECOG performance status of 0-1.

Individuals without a history of cancer are eligible, as are those with a history of cancer. Individuals with a history of cancer (excluding non-melanomatous skin cancer ) will need to submit their pathology slides for review in the Laboratory of Pathology, NCI.

Must be able to understand and give informed consent.

Life expectancy greater than 6 months.

Hgb greater than or equal to 8.0gm/dl, platelets greater than or equal to 100,000/microliters, ANC greater than or equal to 1000/microliters, creatinine less than or equal to 2.0/mg/dl, SGPT and SGOT less than or equal to 147 and 168 U/L, total bilirubin less than or equal to 2 mg/dl (patients with a higher level of bilirubin due to a familial defect in bilirubin metabolism will be considered on an individual basis).

No history of breast cancer.

No pregnant or breast feeding subjects.

Must not be HIV positive.

No history of venous thrombosis within the past year.

No medical conditions, which, in the opinion of the investigators would jeopardize either the patient or the integrity of the data obtained.

No patients who are currently receiving active therapy for neoplastic disorders. However, patients with prostate cancer who are on an LHRH agonist (e.g., Lupron or Zoladex), or who have undergone surgical castration, are eligible for study.

No patients who are on estrogen therapy.

No patients taking hormonal forms of contraception.

No patients with a known soy intolerance.

  Contacts and Locations
Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00001696


Locations
United States, Maryland
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
  More Information

Publications:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00001696     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 980099
98-C-0099
First Submitted: November 3, 1999
First Posted: December 10, 2002
Last Update Posted: March 4, 2008
Last Verified: April 2000

Keywords provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC):
Anti-metastatic
Chemoprevention
Isoflavinoid
Prostate Cancer
Signal Transduction

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Genistein
Anticarcinogenic Agents
Protective Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antineoplastic Agents
Protein Kinase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Phytoestrogens
Estrogens, Non-Steroidal
Estrogens
Hormones
Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists