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Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation for the Treatment of Poorly Controlled Partial Epilepsy

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00001666
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : November 4, 1999
Last Update Posted : March 4, 2008
Information provided by:
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)

Brief Summary:

Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS) is a non-invasive technique that can be used to stimulate brain activity and gather information about brain function. It is very useful when studying the areas of the brain related to motor activity (motor cortex, corticospinal tract, and corpus callosum).

Epilepsy is a condition associated with seizures as a result of an over excitable cerebral cortex. Despite the introduction of several new antiepileptic medications, less than half of the patients diagnosed with partial epilepsy are well controlled. However, studies have shown that non-invasive stimulation of the brain can decrease the excitability of the cerebral cortex.

Researchers are interested in the potential therapeutic effects of TMS on patients with epilepsy that have responded poorly to standard medication. This study will use TMS to decrease the excitability of the areas of the brain responsible for seizures.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment
Partial Epilepsy Seizures Device: Cadwell High-Speed Magnetoelectric Stimulator Device: Magpro High-Speed Magnetoelectric Stimulator

Detailed Description:
The purpose of this protocol is to study the effects of transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) at 1 Hz on the excitability of the seizure focus in patients with poorly controlled epilepsy refractory to pharmacological treatments. 1 Hz TMS is a rate proven to induce long term depression in animal models and reported to decrease the excitability of both human and animal cerebral cortex.

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Study Type : Observational
Enrollment : 32 participants
Official Title: Drug Refractory Partial Epilepsy, A Therapeutic Trial With Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation
Study Start Date : March 1997
Study Completion Date : June 2002

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   Child, Adult, Older Adult
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Age 5 to 60 at entry to protocol.

History of partial or Complex Partial Epilepsy for two or more years.

Patients should be on a stable anti-convulsant regimen defined as unchanged medicines and dose modifications lower than 20% in the last month. Blood levels of anti-convulsants will be measured at the beginning of the study, prior to stimulation and after the study to assure that the type and dose of medication will remain constant.

Seizures not completely responsive to medical treatment (1 or more seizures per week for at least 6 months) and patients have failed at least two anti-convulsant regimens in the past.

The patients have a localized seizure focus.

Epilepsy refractory to medical treatments.

No pregnant women (will be tested with urine pregnancy test).

No severe coronary disease.

No metal anywhere in the cranium except the mouth.

No intracardiac lines.

No increased intracranial pressure as expressed by the presence of papilledema.

No cardiac pacemakers.

Must not be taking neuroleptic or antidepressant medications.

No progressive neurologic disease.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00001666

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United States, Maryland
National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS)
Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS)
Layout table for additonal information Identifier: NCT00001666    
Other Study ID Numbers: 970092
First Posted: November 4, 1999    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: March 4, 2008
Last Verified: June 2002
Keywords provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC):
Partial Epilepsy
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Epilepsies, Partial
Brain Diseases
Central Nervous System Diseases
Nervous System Diseases
Neurologic Manifestations
Central Nervous System Stimulants
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Autonomic Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Dopamine Agents
Neurotransmitter Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Adrenergic Agents
Adrenergic Uptake Inhibitors
Neurotransmitter Uptake Inhibitors
Membrane Transport Modulators
Dopamine Uptake Inhibitors