White Blood Cell Infusions to Treat HIV Infection

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00001647
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : November 4, 1999
Last Update Posted : March 4, 2008
Information provided by:
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)

Brief Summary:

This study will evaluate the safety and immune system effects of infusing HIV-infected patients with multiple doses of lymphocytes (white blood cells) from their non-infected identical twin. It will determine whether the donated lymphocytes can improve immune function and reduce viral load in the infected twin.

Identical twin pairs-one who is infected with HIV-1 and one who is negative for the virus-may be eligible for this study. Candidates will be screened with blood tests, a medical history and physical examination.

Both twin participants will receive a tetanus booster shot, if needed. The non-infected twin will undergo apheresis to collect white blood cells. For this procedure, whole blood is collected, similar to the procedure for donating a unit of blood from a needle in the arm. The blood flows through a cell separator machine where the white cells are removed, and the rest of the blood (red cells, plasma and platelets) is returned to the donor through a catheter in the opposite arm.

The collected lymphocytes will be given intravenously (through a vein) to the infected twin over a 60-minute period. This procedure-apheresis and infusions-will be repeated 4 days a week to complete one cycle. The cycles will be repeated about every 8 weeks for 6 cycles (about 1 year).

The infected twin will have blood samples drawn on the first day of each cycle, 2 weeks after the beginning of each cycle, and 4 weeks after each cycle to evaluate immune status, viral load and other safety parameters. The frequency of these blood tests may change as the study progresses. The infected twin will also undergo apheresis immediately before each cycle of infusions and one month later to test the white cells for certain immune features. The number of apheresis procedures may be reduced as the study proceeds.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome HIV Infection Procedure: White blood cell infusion Phase 1

Detailed Description:
This phase I/II study will evaluate the safety, immunologic effects, and potential efficacy of repeated infusions of syngeneic lymphocytes obtained from HIV-1 seronegative identical twins given in the setting of maximum anti-retroviral therapy. Unfractionated lymphocytes from each seronegative twin will be obtained by lymphocytapheresis and directly transferred to the HIV-1 seropositive twin. Four separate lymphocytaphereses and transfers will be performed over one week, and this cycle may be repeated as frequently as every 8 weeks for a total of up to 6 cycles. The recipient twin will be monitored for general health status, immunologic improvement, depletions within the CD4+ T-cell repertoire, and HIV-1 viral load.

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Enrollment : 30 participants
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Effects of Repeated Infusions of Adoptively Transferred Syngeneic Lymphocytes on the Immune Systems of HIV-1 Infected Identical Twins
Study Start Date : August 1997
Study Completion Date : August 2002

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MedlinePlus related topics: HIV/AIDS

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   Child, Adult, Older Adult
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Identical twin pair, one of whom is seropositive for HIV-1, the other twin HIV seronegative, by standard testing ELISA and Western blot testing.

Documented nadir CD4 count of HIV-infected twin less than 100 cells/mm(3) on at least 2 evaluations.

Patients with Kaposi's sarcoma limited to the skin and/or mucous membranes are eligible for this study, but must not have received any systemic therapy for KS within 4 weeks prior to entry. The KS activity must be stable such that the patient is unlikely to require systemic therapy (either chemotherapy or radiation) over the next 4 months. The diagnosis of KS must have been confirmed by biopsy.

Must be free from serious psychological or emotional illness and able to provide written informed consent.

Anticipated survival of greater than 3 months.

Must be 18 years of age or older.

Maximal (i.e., combination) anti-retroviral therapy, including the use of agents available on an FDA-approved expanded access program, may be used to achieve a virologic response. Patients must be tolerating a stable regimen of anti-retroviral drugs for at least 4 weeks prior to starting study.


No lymphoma or active, life-threatening opportunistic infection. Patients with HIV-related infections requiring chronic suppressive therapy are eligible for study if their condition has been stable for greater than or equal to 4 weeks.

Must be willing to comply with current NIH Clinical Center guidelines concerning appropriate notification of all current sexual partners of an individual regarding his or her HIV-1 positive sero-status and the risk of transmission of HIV-1 infection.

No recent history of substance abuse unless evidence is provided of an ongoing therapeutic intervention (i.e. medical therapy or counseling) to control such abuse.

No pregnancy at entry or unwillingness to practice barrier birth control or abstinence during the study.

No experimental therapy within 4 weeks of study participation. Antiretroviral agents available on an FDA-sanctioned, expanded access basis are permitted.


Subjects with untreated or inadequately treated medical condition (e.g., cardiopulmonary disease, acute infection) which, in the judgment of the Principal Investigator, precludes apheresis will be excluded.

Subjects with serologic positivity for Epstein Barr virus or Cytomegalovirus if the recipient twin tests seronegative for the corresponding virus will be excluded.

No serologic findings consistent with active Hepatitis B virus or Hepatitis C virus infection, regardless of the recipient twin's status.

Subjects with serologic positivity for HIV-1 or HIV-2. Donors will be tested for HIV prior to each lymphapheresis cycle will be excluded.

Both CD4 count and CD4% must not be below the laboratory range for normals.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00001647

United States, Maryland
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)

Publications: Identifier: NCT00001647     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 970165
First Posted: November 4, 1999    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: March 4, 2008
Last Verified: August 2002

Keywords provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC):
Adoptive Cell Transfers
T Cell Repertoire
Identical Twins

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
HIV Infections
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
Immunologic Deficiency Syndromes
Lentivirus Infections
Retroviridae Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Virus Diseases
Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Viral
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Immune System Diseases
Slow Virus Diseases