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A Phase I Study of Isolated Hepatic Perfusion With Escalating Dose Melphalan Followed by Postoperative Hepatic Arterial Floxuridine and Leucovorin for Metastatic Unresectable Colorectal Cancers of the Liver

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00001576
First Posted: November 4, 1999
Last Update Posted: March 4, 2008
The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
Information provided by:
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)
  Purpose
Patients with unresectable metastatic colorectal cancer confined to the liver will undergo a 1 hour hyperthermic isolated hepatic perfusion (IHP) with escalating dose melphalan. Postoperatively, patients will be treated with hepatic arterial infusion of floxuridine (FUDR), 0.2 mg/kg/day and leucovorin (LV), 15 mg/M2/day as a 2-week continuous infusion regimen. Hepatic and systemic toxicity, response to treatment, duration of response, and survival will be followed.

Condition Intervention Phase
Colorectal Neoplasm Liver Neoplasm Neoplasm Metastasis Drug: Melphalan Drug: Floxuridine Drug: Leucovorin Phase 1

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase I Study of Isolated Hepatic Perfusion With Escalating Dose Melphalan Followed by Postoperative Hepatic Arterial Floxuridine and Leucovorin for Metastatic Unresectable Colorectal Cancers of the Liver

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC):

Estimated Enrollment: 28
Study Start Date: July 1997
Estimated Study Completion Date: March 2002
Detailed Description:
Patients with unresectable metastatic colorectal cancer confined to the liver will undergo a 1 hour hyperthermic isolated hepatic perfusion (IHP) with escalating dose melphalan. Postoperatively, patients will be treated with hepatic arterial infusion of floxuridine (FUDR), 0.2 mg/kg/day and leucovorin (LV), 15 mg/M(2)/day as a 2-week continuous infusion regimen. Hepatic and systemic toxicity, response to treatment, duration of response, and survival will be followed.
  Eligibility

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   Child, Adult, Senior
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Histologically or cytologically proven measurable metastatic colorectal cancer limited to the parenchyma of the liver with no evidence of unresectable extrahepatic disease by preoperative radiological studies. Limited resectable extrahepatic disease is acceptable.

Patients must not have been previously treated with intrahepatic artery infusional therapy using FUDR.

Patients mush have had no chemotherapy, radiotherapy or biologic therapy for their malignancy in the month prior to the liver perfusion and must have recovered from all side effects.

Patients must have an ECOG performance standard of 0, 1 or 2 on the day prior to treatment.

Patients must have adequate hepatic function as evidence by bilirubin less than 2.0 and a PT and PTT that are within 1-2 seconds of the upper normal limit.

Patients must not have biopsy proven cirrhosis or evidence of significant portal hypertension by history, endoscopy, or radiologic studies.

Patients must not have a history of congestive heart failure with an LVEF less than 40%.

Patients must not have COPD or other chronic pulmonary disease with PFT's less than 50% predicted for age.

Patients must be 18 years of age or older.

Patients must have a platelet count greater than 100,000 a Hct greater than 27.0, a white blood count greater than 3000/micro liters, and a creatinine less than or equal to 1.5 or a creatinine clearance of greater than 60 ml/min.

Patients must not be pregnant or nursing.

Patients must not be taking immunosuppressive drugs or on chronic anticoagulation.

Patients must not have an active infection.

Patients must not have severe allergic reactions to iodine contrast which can not be controlled by premedication with antihistamines and steroids.

Patients must not have HIV disease.

Patients must be aware of the neoplastic nature of his/her illness, the experimental nature of the therapy, alternative treatments, potential benefits, and risks. The patient must be willing to sign an informed consent.

  Contacts and Locations
Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00001576


Locations
United States, Maryland
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
  More Information

Publications:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00001576     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 970111
97-C-0111
First Submitted: November 3, 1999
First Posted: November 4, 1999
Last Update Posted: March 4, 2008
Last Verified: March 2002

Keywords provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC):
Regional Therapy
Organ Perfusion
Metastases
Hyperthermia

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Neoplasms
Colorectal Neoplasms
Neoplasm Metastasis
Liver Neoplasms
Intestinal Neoplasms
Gastrointestinal Neoplasms
Digestive System Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Digestive System Diseases
Gastrointestinal Diseases
Colonic Diseases
Intestinal Diseases
Rectal Diseases
Neoplastic Processes
Pathologic Processes
Liver Diseases
Melphalan
Floxuridine
Antineoplastic Agents, Alkylating
Alkylating Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antineoplastic Agents
Myeloablative Agonists
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Antimetabolites