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A Pediatric Phase I Trial of RMP-7 and Carboplatin in Brain Tumors

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00001502
First Posted: December 10, 2002
Last Update Posted: March 4, 2008
The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
Information provided by:
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)
  Purpose
The presence of a highly selective blood-brain barrier (BBB) at the level of the brain capillary endothelium prevents chemotherapeutic agents from attaining therapeutic concentrations at the target site. RMP-7 is a synthetic bradykinin analog which specifically binds to B2 receptors expressed on the brain capillary endothelial cells and preferentially increases capillary permeability within CNS tumors. Carboplatin is an anticancer agent with preclinical and clinical antitumor activity against a variety of brain tumors. A pediatric phase I trial of the combination of RMP-7 and carboplatin will be conducted to determine the maximum tolerated dose of RMP-7 in children with refractory brain tumors.

Condition Intervention Phase
Brain Neoplasms Glioma Medulloblastoma Drug: RMP-7 and carboplatin Phase 1

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Pediatric Phase I Trial of RMP-7 and Carboplatin in Brain Tumors

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC):

Estimated Enrollment: 30
Study Start Date: April 1996
Estimated Study Completion Date: March 2000
Detailed Description:
The presence of a highly selective blood-brain barrier (BBB) at the level of the brain capillary endothelium prevents chemotherapeutic agents from attaining therapeutic concentrations at the target site. RMP-7 is a synthetic bradykinin analog which specifically binds to B2 receptors expressed on the brain capillary endothelial cells and preferentially increases capillary permeability within CNS tumors. Carboplatin is an anticancer agent with preclinical and clinical antitumor activity against a variety of brain tumors. A pediatric phase I trial of the combination of RMP-7 and carboplatin will be conducted to determine the maximum tolerated dose of RMP-7 in children with refractory brain tumors.
  Eligibility

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   Child, Adult, Senior
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS:

Histologically confirmed brain tumor including but not limited to the following: Anaplastic astrocytoma, Glioblastoma multiforme, Low-grade glioma, Ependymoma, Medulloblastoma, Pineal tumors, Chiasmal glioma, Craniopharyngioma, Brain stem glioma (requirement for histologic diagnosis may be waived).

Disease refractory to standard therapy or no standard chemotherapy exists and ineligible for potential curative surgery or radiotherapy.

Measurable or evaluable disease on radiographic studies with evidence of progression on prior chemotherapy or radiotherapy or persistent disease after surgery.

PRIOR/CURRENT THERAPY:

See Disease Characteristics

At least 6 months since carboplatin.

At least 3 weeks since myelosuppressive therapy.

Patients who received stem cell or bone marrow rescue after nitrosourea therapy are eligible after 3 weeks if they have recovered from hematologic toxicities of their prior therapy.

Concurrent steroids allowed if dose stable for at least 2 weeks prior to entry.

Recovered from toxic effects of any prior therapy.

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS:

Age: 21 and under.

Performance status: ECOG 0-2.

Life expectancy: At least 8 weeks.

HEMATOLOGIC:

Absolute granulocyte count greater than 1,500/mm(3).

Platelet count greater than 100,000/mm(3) (at least 75,000/mm(3) in patients with prior bone marrow transplantation or craniospinal irradiation).

Hemoglobin greater than 8.0 g/dL.

HEPATIC:

Bilirubin no greater than 2 times normal.

ALT no greater than 2 times normal.

RENAL:

Creatinine within normal limits for age as follows:

Age (in years) -- Creatinine (in mg/dL):

Younger than 5 -- no greater than 1.2;

5-10 -- no greater than 1.5;

10-15 -- no greater than 1.8;

Older than 15 -- no greater than 2.4.

OTHER:

No significant systemic illness.

No pregnant or nursing women.

Negative pregnancy test required of fertile women.

Effective contraception required of fertile patients.

Durable power of attorney required of all patients 18-21 years of age.

  Contacts and Locations
Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00001502


Locations
United States, Maryland
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
  More Information

Publications:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00001502     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 960068
96-C-0068
First Submitted: November 3, 1999
First Posted: December 10, 2002
Last Update Posted: March 4, 2008
Last Verified: February 2000

Keywords provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC):
Blood-Brain Barrier
Bradykinin
Children
Glioma
Medulloblastoma

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Glioma
Brain Neoplasms
Medulloblastoma
Neoplasms, Neuroepithelial
Neuroectodermal Tumors
Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms, Nerve Tissue
Central Nervous System Neoplasms
Nervous System Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Brain Diseases
Central Nervous System Diseases
Nervous System Diseases
Neuroectodermal Tumors, Primitive
Carboplatin
Antineoplastic Agents