Potential Risk Factors for Stroke

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00001368
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : November 4, 1999
Last Update Posted : March 4, 2008
Information provided by:
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)

Brief Summary:

Early studies have shown that the immune system may play a role in the development of strokes. Conditions such as high blood pressure, high cholesterol, diabetes, and old age can activate the immune system and increase the risk of developing hardening of the arteries (atherosclerosis) and damaged blood vessels.

Researchers will attempt to characterize factors that may contribute to atherosclerosis and stroke by measuring certain components of the immune system, cytokines and leukocyte activation. Measurements will be taken from patients that are considered to be stroke prone and from patients without risk factors for the development of stroke. Researchers will measure the immune system components at the beginning of the study, at six months, and at the one-year completion of the study.

The study will attempt to determine;

I) If patients with risk factors for stroke have an increased activation of the immune system

II) If patients with risk factors for stroke that are symptomatic have higher levels of immune system activation compared to patients who do not have symptoms

III) If patients with increased activation of the immune system have accelerated hardening of the arteries (atherosclerosis)

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Carotid Atherosclerosis Cerebrovascular Accident Diabetes Mellitus Hypercholesterolemia Hypertension Procedure: cytokine and leukocyte activation profile Phase 1

Detailed Description:

Preliminary studies indicate that activation of the immune system by risk factors for stroke (hypertension, hypercholesterolemia, diabetes and age) increases the risk of atherosclerosis and the formation of intravascular thrombosis. By measuring the levels of cytokine and leukocyte activation in the stroke prone population and age matched controls without risk factors, an attempt will be made to characterize those factors which potentially increase the risk for carotid atherosclerosis and subsequent cerebral infarctions.

A total of one hundred twenty subjects with risk factors for stroke and forty controls will be enrolled over a two year period and followed for one year. All subjects will have blood drawn at the time of enrollment, at six months, and one year to measure cytokine levels (including Interleukin-I, Tumor Necrosis Factor-Alpha, Interleukin-8) and leukocyte activation/receptor (including Intercellular Adhesion Molecule-1 (ICAM-1), Endothelial Leukocyte Adhesion Molecule-1 (ELAM-1), V-Cell Adhesion Molecule (VCAM), and Macrophage Antigen-1). Carotid dopplers will be performed at the time of enrollment and at one year.

An analysis will be performed to: 1) determine if patients with risk factors for stroke have an increased activation of baseline cytokine levels and leukocytes, 2) determine if patients who have stroke risk factors and are symptomatic have an increased activation of cytokines and leukocyte vs. asymptomatic patients, and 3) determine if patients with increased cytokine/leukocyte activity have accelerated atherosclerosis of the carotid arteries.

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Enrollment : 500 participants
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Cytokine and Leukocyte Activation Profile as a Risk Factor for Cerebral Vascular Disease and Stroke
Study Start Date : October 1993
Study Completion Date : November 2002

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

Ages Eligible for Study:   Child, Adult, Older Adult
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes

Male or female greater than 18 years of age.

Patient must have documented hypertension (diastolic BP greater than 90 mmHg or systolic BP greater than 140 mmHg) for greater than 1 year OR hypercholesterolemia (LDL greater than 160 or total Chol greater than 240 with a total cholesterol/HDL-Chol ratio more than 1.6 for greater that 1 year OR Diabetes (blood glucose greater than 150 mg/dl requiring oral antihyperglycemics or insulin dependent) for greater than 1 year OR any combination.

Subgroup eligibility for risk factors with cerebral ischemic events must meet criteria #2 plus documented stroke by physical exam and CT and/or MRI consistent with ischemic infarction or TIA witnessed and recorded by medical personnel.

Patient will be excluded if enrollment time is within 30 days of a stroke, myocardial infarction, or surgery. Patient may be enrolled after 30 days of the above events.

No patients on immunosuppressive therapy.

No patients who are unable to follow up for 1 year from the time of enrollment.

No stroke patients with an identifiable cardiac source (including atrial fibrillation, mural thrombus, valvular disease with vegetation).

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00001368

United States, Maryland
National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS)
Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS)

Publications: Identifier: NCT00001368     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 930220
First Posted: November 4, 1999    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: March 4, 2008
Last Verified: November 2002

Keywords provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC):
Cerebral Ischemia
Immune Response
Carotid Stenosis

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Diabetes Mellitus
Carotid Artery Diseases
Glucose Metabolism Disorders
Metabolic Diseases
Endocrine System Diseases
Vascular Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Arterial Occlusive Diseases
Lipid Metabolism Disorders
Cerebrovascular Disorders
Brain Diseases
Central Nervous System Diseases
Nervous System Diseases