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Study of Autoimmune Lymphoproliferative Syndrome (ALPS)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00001350
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : November 4, 1999
Last Update Posted : June 15, 2021
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC) ( National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) )

Brief Summary:

The purpose of the protocol is to allow for patients, and relatives of patients, who may have the newly described autoimmune lymphoproliferative syndrome, to be evaluated at the NIH Clinical Center. This evaluation will include blood and relevant tissue studies along with long-term clinical evaluations to define the biology, inheritance,clinical spectrum, and natural history of this syndrome. The aim of the research is to understand mechanisms involved in the development of expanded numbers of what is typically a rare population of immune cells (CD4-8-/TCRalpha/beta+ T cells, otherwise referred to as double negative T cells), and how these relate to the development of expanded numbers of immune cells and autoimmune (self against self) responses in patients with ALPS.

In some cases, we may proivide treatment related to ALPS. These treatments are consistent with standard medical practice.

Participants with ALPS will be invited to visit the NIH once a year or more frequently when clinically indicated for the next few years for clinicians and scientists to follow the course of their disease and to manage its complications. Knowledge gained from these studies provides important insights into the mechanisms of autoimmunity, the thymus gland, and the role that the immune system and genetics plays in ALPS.

Autoimmune lymphoproliferative syndrome is a rare disease that affects both children and adults. Each of these three words helps describe the main features of this condition. The word autoimmune (self-immune) identifies ALPS as a disease of the immune system. The tools used to fight germs turn against our own cells and cause problems. The word lymphoproliferative describes the unusually large numbers of white blood cells (called lymphocytes (stored in the lymph nodes and spleens of people with ALPS. The word syndrome refers to the many common symptoms shared by ALPS patients.

One of the causes of ALPS is defective apoptosis, or said another way, an individual has an abnormality in how well lymphocytes (immune cells) die when they are instructed to do so. It is normal for lymphocytes to disintegrate (e.g., die) when they have done their job. In people with ALPS and in some of their affected relatives, the genetic message for the cells to die is altered: the message is not received and the cells do not die when they should. As a result, people with ALPS develop an enlarged spleen, liver and lymph glands, along with a range of other problems involving white blood cell counts and overactive immune responses (autoimmune disease). Some patients have an increased risk of developing lymphatic cancers (lymphoma).

Provided is a description of eligible study candidates:

  1. Any patient with ALPS, male or female and of any age. As a patient with ALPS, candidates must have:

    • a medical history of an enlarged spleen and/or enlarged lymph nodes over an extended period of time (past and/or current).
    • defective lymphocyte apoptosis, in vitro.
    • greater than or equal to 1 percent TCR alpha/beta+CD4-8- peripheral blood T cells.
  2. Relatives (any age) of patients and normal controls (18-65).
  3. Healthy normal volunteers will also be enrolled to provide data on normal cell behavior for comparison with patients.

Additional information regarding ALPS and the research being conducted at the National Institutes of Health is available at the following World Wide Web (e.g., Internet) locations:

http://www.niaid.nih.gov/publications/alps/

http://www.nhgri.nih.gov/DIR/GMBB/ALPS/.


Condition or disease
Benign Lymphoproliferative Disorder

Detailed Description:
The purpose of this family based natural history protocol is to allow for patients, and relatives of patients to be screened for Autoimmune Lymphoproliferative Syndrome (ALPS) and related disorders of apoptosis, Ras Associated Leukoproliferative Disorder (RALD). Patients and relatives will be evaluated by mail-in samples or in person at the NIH Clinical Center if they meet the eligibility criteria. This evaluation will include blood and relevant tissue studies along with long-term clinical evaluation to define the biology, inheritance, clinical spectrum, and natural history of this syndrome. The aim of the research studies is to elucidate mechanisms underlying the immune dysregulation due to defective apoptosis in these patients. Knowledge gained from these studies provides important insights into the mechanisms of autoimmunity, normal thymic and extra thymic T cell differentiation, T-cell receptor (TCR) repertoire selection, and lymphomagenesis.

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Study Type : Observational
Estimated Enrollment : 1100 participants
Observational Model: Case-Only
Time Perspective: Prospective
Official Title: Study of the Immunopathogenesis, Natural History, and Genetics of Autoimmune Lymphoproliferative Syndrome (ALPS) Associated With an Expansion of CD4-8-/TCR Alpha/Beta+ T Cells
Actual Study Start Date : May 13, 1993


Group/Cohort
1
ALPS patients and relatives of all ages



Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Elucidate the mechanism of immune-dysregulation leading to ALPS and develop targeted treatments [ Time Frame: Median follow up of 25 years ]
    Improvement of underlying immune-dysregulation



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   up to 99 Years   (Child, Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Sampling Method:   Non-Probability Sample
Study Population
ALPS patients and relatives to include males and females of all ages
Criteria
  • III.I. INITIAL EVALUATION INCLUSION CRITERIA FOR PATIENTS:

In order to be eligible to enroll as a potential patient participant in the initial evaluation, an individual must meet all of the following criteria:

  1. Aged 0 to 99 years (must be greater than or equal to 3 years to be seen at the NIH Clinical Center).
  2. A history of chronic (>6 months) lymphadenopathy and/or splenomegaly (exception for newborns with family history of ALPS related disorders).
  3. Willingness to allow blood, tissue, and other samples to be stored.

III.II. INITIAL EVALUATION INCLUSION CRITERIA FOR BLOOD RELATIVES:

In order to be eligible to enroll as a relative for the screening portion of this study, an individual must meet all of the following criteria:

  1. Aged 0 to 99 years (must be greater than or equal to 3 years to be seen at the NIH Clinical Center).
  2. Extended family members, identified as blood relatives, of an ALPS patient.
  3. Able to provide informed consent.
  4. Willingness to allow blood, tissue, and other samples to be stored.

III.III. INCLUSION CRITERIA FOR THE NATURAL HISTORY STUDY:

In order to be eligible to participate in the natural history study as a patient with ALPS, an individual must meet all of the following criteria:

  1. Aged 0 to 99 years (must be greater than or equal to 3 years to be seen at the NIH Clinical Center).
  2. To be considered as having ALPS, patients must have elevated CD3+TCR alpha/beta+ CD4-8-peripheral blood DNT cells (equal to or greater than 1.5% of total lymphocytes or 2.5% of CD3+ lymphocytes) in the setting of normal or elevated lymphocyte counts.
  3. A history of chronic (>6 months), non-malignant, non-infectious lymphadenopathy and/or splenomegaly (exception for newborns with family history of ALPS related disorders).
  4. Willingness to allow blood, tissue and other samples to be stored.
  5. Patients with RALD who present with autoimmunity, lymphadenopathy, and/or splenomegaly, with elevated or normal DNTs and somatic mutations in NRAS and KRAS.29-32

III.IV. INCLUSION OF SPECIAL POPULATIONS:

Children: Children are eligible to enroll as patients or relatives in this protocol. ALPS is primarily a disorder of childhood. The study may not hold the prospect of direct benefit for patients but may provide diagnostic information about their health, which may help guide their

clinical management. Additionally, their inclusion is necessary to develop important biomedical knowledge relating to the natural history of this rare disease which cannot be obtained by any other means other than the participation of pediatric participants. Although relative participants are not expected to directly benefit from participation, they will also learn diagnostic results related to ALPS and similar conditions. Minor participants will be limited to having procedures that involve no greater than minimal risk (e.g., apheresis will not be performed in minors). No children under the age of 3 years will be seen in person at the NIH Clinical Center for this protocol.

Pregnant women: Women who are pregnant or breastfeeding are eligible to enroll as probands or relatives. The study procedures may hold the prospect of direct benefit by providing insight into the woman or fetus s health risks, which may help guide clinical management during and after pregnancy. Additionally, their inclusion is necessary to develop important biomedical knowledge relating to the natural history of this rare disease which cannot be obtained by any other means other than the participation of this class of women. However, their evaluation will be limited to laboratory evaluation and physical examination so that the risk to the pregnant woman and fetus will not be greater than minimal, and may only be seen remotely if obstetric issues may pose a safety risk for travel and evaluation on-site. Eligibility for this group will be determined on a case-by-case basis by the principal investigator. This protocol is not actively seeking women who are pregnant.

Neonates: Viable neonates may be enrolled in this protocol as they meet study entry criteria as patient or relative participants, although no neonates will be seen in-person at the NIH Clinical Center under this protocol. Nonviable neonates and those of uncertain viability will not be enrolled.

Adults who lack decision-making capacity to consent: Adults who are unable to consent may be eligible for enrollment as patient participants in this protocol because ALPS is a rare disease that may cause severe complications, and data obtained from these individuals are necessary to answer important scientific questions for this protocol. Similarly, enrolled patient participants who permanently lose the ability to provide ongoing consent during study participation may continue in the study. The risks and benefits of participation for adults unable to consent should be the same as those described for less vulnerable participants. Safeguards in place for protecting this population are described. No adults lacking decision-making capacity to consent will be enrolled as relatives, and those who permanently lose the ability to consent will be withdrawn in accordance with NIH Human Research Protections Program (HRPP) Policy 403.

NIH Staff or Family Members: NIH staff and family members of study team members may be enrolled in this study if the participant meets the study entry criteria. Neither participation nor refusal to participate as a subject in the research will have an effect, either beneficial or adverse, on the participant s employment or position at NIH. Every effort will be made to protect participant information, but such information may be available in medical records and may be available to authorized users outside of the study team in both an identifiable an unidentifiable manner. The NIH investigator will provide and request that the NIH staff member review the Frequently

Asked Questions (FAQs) for Staff Who are Considering Participation in NIH Research and the Leave Policy for NIH Employees Participating in NIH Medical Research Studies (NIH Policy Manual 2300-630-3).

III.V. RECRUITMENT STRATEGIES:

  • Patients and families are referred from NIH investigators, immunologists, hematologists, rheumatologists, general medical doctors, and clinical geneticists who learn of our studies through our scientific presentations and publications; family organizations, such as the Immune Deficiency Foundation or clinicaltrials.gov.
  • Clinical histories, laboratory data, and pedigrees will be reviewed for research purposes as well as screening. However, priority may be given to patients in a family with multiple individuals exhibiting symptoms suggestive of ALPS (e.g., high penetrance). Patients with unique clinical features that, in our experience, may help us to understand the phenotype better may also be considered a priority.
  • Up to 1100 patients and relatives of ALPS patients will be enrolled in this study as part of the initial evaluation or the natural history study if outside testing has confirmed a diagnosis of ALPS. Patients who are being screened for ALPS under the initial evaluation portion of this protocol will be invited to continue participation in the natural history study only if they meet the current eligibility requirements of the natural history study. Patients that are screened and found to be ineligible for enrollment in the natural history study will be referred to other NIAID investigators if applicable.

III.VI. STUDY EXCLUSIONS:

An individual who meets any of the following criteria will be excluded from participation in screening or the natural history study:

1. Any condition that the principal investigator deems to be non-conducive to the research goals of the study.


Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00001350


Contacts
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Contact: Sharon F Webster (202) 450-0696 sharon.webster@nih.gov
Contact: V. Koneti Rao, M.D. (301) 496-6502 kr191c@nih.gov

Locations
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United States, Maryland
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center, 9000 Rockville Pike Recruiting
Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892
Contact: For more information at the NIH Clinical Center contact Office of Patient Recruitment (OPR)    800-411-1222 ext TTY8664111010    prpl@cc.nih.gov   
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: V. Koneti Rao, M.D. National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
Additional Information:
Publications:
Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00001350    
Other Study ID Numbers: 930063
93-I-0063
First Posted: November 4, 1999    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: June 15, 2021
Last Verified: June 9, 2021
Keywords provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC) ( National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) ):
Immunoregulation
T Cell Receptor Alpha/Beta
Lymphoproliferation
Fas
Autoimmune Disease
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Lymphoproliferative Disorders
Autoimmune Lymphoproliferative Syndrome
Lymphatic Diseases
Immunoproliferative Disorders
Immune System Diseases
Genetic Diseases, Inborn
Autoimmune Diseases